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+    Fadime’s      legacy               ‘Honour’-based violence in                     the UK and Europe                 J...
+    Naming ‘honour’                                   “ For my family, the                                     purpose of...
+    Collective perpetration     Banaz Mahmod: 5 killers   Ghazala Khan: 9 killers                               The Shafi...
+    Collective instigation                             “ You can either                               destroy your honour...
•   Bettiga-Boukerbout, M. G. 2005. Crimes of Honour in the Italian Penal Code:                                     An ana...
+    The ‘honour’ code       Accepting parental marriage           “ If you don’t comply, if        arrangement          ...
+    Crimes against women    The majority of victims are young women.    http://www.memini.co
+                                       Crimes against men                                       Men may also be victims. ...
+    Responses to HBV in the UK    Initial errors followed by growing awareness
+    Banaz Mahmod: A case study          Banaz Mahmod (1986-2006)    Payton, J. 2010. Collective crimes, collective victim...
More than 2800 incidents of ‘honour’+                                                                           based vio...
+    Sources for further information       Brandon, J. and Hafez, S. 2008. Crimes of the     Husseini, R. 2009.        Co...
+Joanne PaytonInformation and Research OfficerIranian and Kurdish Women’s Rights Organisation     www.ikwro.org.uk     www...
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  1. 1. + Fadime’s legacy ‘Honour’-based violence in the UK and Europe Joanne Payton. IKWRO & Cardiff University
  2. 2. + Naming ‘honour’ “ For my family, the purpose of my life was to marry a Kurdish man. All of a sudden, I had been transformed from a nice Kurdish girl into a slut.” http://www.fadimesminne.nu/tal_ar_fadime_eng.html Fadime Sahindal (1975-2002)
  3. 3. + Collective perpetration Banaz Mahmod: 5 killers Ghazala Khan: 9 killers The Shafia sisters: 3 killers
  4. 4. + Collective instigation “ You can either destroy your honour or your sister. If you don’t choose the latter you can’t walk amongst those around you as a man.” ‘Honour Killings’: Stories of men who killed, Ayse Onal, 2008, al-Saqi Books, London
  5. 5. • Bettiga-Boukerbout, M. G. 2005. Crimes of Honour in the Italian Penal Code: An analysis of history and reform. In: Welchman, L. and Hossain, S. eds. Honour: Crimes, paradigms and violence against women. London: Zed Books, pp. 230-245. • Denich, B. S. 1974. Sex and Power in the Balkans. In: Rosaldo, M.Z. and Lamphere, L. eds. Woman, Culture and Society. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 243-263. • Peristiany, J. G. ed. 1966. Honour and Shame: The Values of Mediterranean Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. + Eurasian crimes Honour crimes are currently associated with the Middle East and South Asia, including India. However, they have been recorded in living memory in the Balkan and Mediterranean regions, and are likely to have been common across Eurasia in the pre-Modern era.Isabella di Morra (c1520-1545)
  6. 6. + The ‘honour’ code  Accepting parental marriage “ If you don’t comply, if arrangement you argue back, if you  Protecting and maintaining her commit suicide, if you eligibility for marriage by risk death to get conforming to social norms related to gender relations and married with the one sexuality you love, then you are dishonourable…  Meeting the standards of normative wifehood after If you have a free soul, marriage, through subordinacy to the marital family and fertility you cannot be honourable.” The Dynamics of Honor Killings in Turkey: Prospects for Action, Feliz Kardam, 2005, UN
  7. 7. + Crimes against women The majority of victims are young women. http://www.memini.co
  8. 8. + Crimes against men Men may also be victims. Chomir Ali Begum ordered his sons to kill Arash, who was planning to settle down with his daughter Manna.Arash Ghorbani-Zarin (1985-2004)
  9. 9. + Responses to HBV in the UK Initial errors followed by growing awareness
  10. 10. + Banaz Mahmod: A case study Banaz Mahmod (1986-2006) Payton, J. 2010. Collective crimes, collective victims: A case study of the murder of Banaz Mahmod. In: Idriss, M.M. and Abbas, T. eds. Honour, violence, women and Islam. Oxford: Routledge http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-461280/Murder-girls-cries-help-ignored.html
  11. 11. More than 2800 incidents of ‘honour’+  based violence last year.  Nine forces showed an increase in ‘honour’ crime between 2009 and 2010.  The overall increase across twelve forces was 57%.  In London ‘honour’ crime has doubled to more than 5 times the national average, and in Northumberland it has tripled in a yearUK statisticsResponses to FOI requests made by  The top five worst areas are:IKWRO 1. London 495 2. West Midlands 378 3. West Yorkshire 350 4. Lancashire 227 5. Manchester 189
  12. 12. + Sources for further information  Brandon, J. and Hafez, S. 2008. Crimes of the Husseini, R. 2009. Community: Honour-based violence in the UK. Murder in the Name of London: Centre for Social Cohesion. Honor. Oxford: Oneworld  VanEck, C. 2003. Purified by Blood: Honour Publications. killings amongst Turks in the Netherlands. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.  Rose, J. 2009. ‘A Piece of White Silk’. London Review of Books, Vol. 31 No. 21. 5 November 2009, pages 5-8 Welchman, L. and  Sen, P. 2005. Crimes of Honour: Value and Hossain, S. 2005. meaning. In: Welchman, L. and Hossain, S. eds. Honour: Crimes, paradigms and violence eds. Honour: Crimes, against women. London: Zed Books. paradigms and violence against women. London: Zed  Taysi, T. B. 2009. Eliminating Violence Against Books Women: Perspectives on honor-related violence in the Iraqi Kurdistan region, Sulaimaniya governate. Sulemaniya: United Nations Assistance Mission in Iraq/ASUDA.
  13. 13. +Joanne PaytonInformation and Research OfficerIranian and Kurdish Women’s Rights Organisation www.ikwro.org.uk www.stophonourkillings.com joanne.payton@gmail.com 07892 679472

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