The ancient Egyptian society was basically ruled by religion. They believedthere were Gods that controlled everything. Although their beliefs wereconstantly changing there were a few that remained the same, theseincluded; fertility, rebirth, death and resurrection.http://www.ancient-egypt.info/2012/02/introduction-about-ancient-egyptian.html
Anubis Anubis also known as the God of death is associated with the jackal, an animal that is representative of tombs of death. Anubis can be seen as half human half jackal or as full jackal. The role of Anubis is to oversee the embalming and mummification process as well as to guide the dead to their fate through the weighing of the heart process.http://www.spiritweb.us/egypt/egyptian-gods.html
The mummificationprocess was a very crucialstep for the Egyptians tomake it to the afterlife.After a person died theirbodies were embalmedand mummified topreserve them for theafterlife. http://egy-king.blogspot.com.au/2012/09/ancient-egyptian- mummies.html
Mummification was generally only performed on the rich pharaohs as itwas too expensive for the poor. It was quite a long process usuallytaking 70 days there were many steps involved in mummification theyinclude; removal of all organs with the exception of the heart, drying thebody with salt, covering the body with oils and wrapping the body inbandages.
OsirisOsiris is the god of theunderworld, he is depictedin human form wrappedas a mummy. Osiris alsooverseas the weighing ofthe heart ceremony. TheEgyptians that had a goodheart were taken by Osiristo the paradise (afterlife). http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com/osiris.html
Ammit The Egyptians hearts that were heavier than the feather did not proceed to the after life with Osiris, their hearts were eaten by Ammit also known as “the devourer”.http://egyptology007.blogspot.com.au/2009/12/ammit-also-spelt-ammut-and-ahemait.html
The strong belief that Egyptians had in life after death is what prompted thebuilding of the famous pyramids of Egypt. Egyptians believed that in order toget to the afterlife your body needed to be preserved (mummified), andeverything that you would need would be put into your tomb. http://travel.smart-guide.net/the-pyramids-of-egypt
In the early days pharaohs built smalltombs called mastabas that had enoughroom for the coffin and some things totake with you to the afterlife. As timewent on the pharaohs wanted to maketheir tombs greater so they began tobuilt their mastabas bigger and biggerand this is how the great pyramids ofEgypt were created.
After the mummification process the pharaohs were taken to their tomb. The journey from the embalmers tents to the tomb was a procession where mourners would follow and people would dance. When they reached the Nile river the tomb would be ferried across, family members in the first boat followed by the mummy and priests. The family members of the mummy would carry canopic jars and other items for the after life all the way to the ‘Wabet’.http://australianmuseum.net.au/Funerals-in-ancient-Egypt/
The “Wabet” is at the front of the tomb where the rest of the ceremonyis performed. The opening of the mouth ceremony is one of the laststeps before the mummy is laid to rest in the tomb. The Egyptiansbelieved that this ceremony would allow the deceased to hear, see,smell and breathe in the afterlife.http://ib205.tripod.com/burial.html,
One of the most famous tombs to befound recently is the tomb of theyoung pharaoh Tutankhamun.Tutankhamun became pharaoh ataround age 9 and died at 19, his tombwas found in the valley of the kings in1922 by Howard Carter. King Tut’sfuneral was believed to be completedvery hastily as he died suddenly http://www.australiangeographic.com.au/journal/view-image.htm?gid=8691
The thing that made Tutankhamun so famous was the discovery of his tomb. The tomb that was discovered by Howard Carter in 1922 was one of the most intact tombs ever found. Tutankhamuns tomb had survived around 3000 years of floods and had only been robbed twice, it was filled with treasures for the afterlife including a number of chariots.http://archaeologyexcavations.blogspot.com.au/2012/05/howard-carter-138th-birthday.htmlhttp://www.australiangeographic.com.au/journal/view-image.htm?gid=8691
Although this process of death is a major part of Egypts history it is notcommon practice in modern Egypt. Mummification no longer occurs andEgypt is filled with people from many different religions. There are stillsome rich Egyptians that are buried in tombs, but these modern day tombsare designed for the families to visit the dead and mourn their loss ratherthan keeping the dead safe for the afterlife. http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com.au/2011/01/modern-egypt-tombs-for- living.html#.UGDteY1lSPk