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  1. 1. Medical Terminology Chapter 1 Presentation Building Medical Words from Word Parts By:Daniel Marzullo
  2. 2. Medical Words <ul><li>Can contain FOUR different word parts: </li></ul><ul><li>Prefix </li></ul><ul><li>Word Root </li></ul><ul><li>Combining Vowels </li></ul><ul><li>Suffix </li></ul><ul><li>Different combinations construct different medical terms. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Prefix <ul><li>New Medical term formed by adding prefixes to the beginning of a term. </li></ul><ul><li>Modifies the meaning of the word root. </li></ul><ul><li>Not EVERY medical term has a prefix. </li></ul><ul><li>Prefixes give information about location of organs , number of parts , or time (frequency). </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>Post partum ( after birth) Peri cardial ( around the heart) Hypo glossal ( under the tongue) Bi lateral ( two sides)
  4. 4. Word Root <ul><li>Foundation of a medical term that provides the general meaning of the word. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Terms CAN have more than one word root. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Word root often indicates the body system or body part being discussed. </li></ul><ul><li>Word root may also be an action . </li></ul>In cis ion (process of cutting into) Peri cardi um (around the heart ) Rhin oplasty (surgical repair of the nose)
  5. 5. Combining Vowels <ul><li>Vowel that connects word root to another word root </li></ul><ul><li>Usually an O </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Combining vowel can also be used to connect a word root to a suffix. </li></ul><ul><li>Not needed if suffix begins with vowel </li></ul><ul><li>Found in the middle of a term, NEVER begins or ends word. </li></ul>Cardi o my o pathy Gastr o enteritis Arth o scope Path o logy
  6. 6. Suffix <ul><li>Attached to then end of a word to add meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Every medical term MUST have a suffix. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><li>Suffixes are used to indicate condition , disease , or procedure . </li></ul><ul><li>Usually follows word root, but terms CAN be built from a suffix added directly to a prefix. </li></ul>Card itis ( inflammation of the heart) Chemo therapy ( treatment w/ chemicals) Dys trophy (abnormal development ) Carcino genic ( producing cancer)
  7. 7. Interpreting Medical Terms <ul><li>3 Steps </li></ul><ul><li>Divide the term into its word parts </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Gastr / o / enter / o / logy </li></ul><ul><li>Define each word part </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Gastr = stomach </li></ul><ul><li>o = combining vowel, no meaning </li></ul><ul><li>enter = small intestine </li></ul><ul><li>o = combining vowel, no meaning </li></ul><ul><li>logy = study of </li></ul><ul><li>Combine the meaning of the word parts </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: stomach, small intestine, study of </li></ul><ul><li>Gastroenterology = the study of the stomach & small intestine </li></ul>