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Medical Terminology


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Medical Terminology

  1. 1. Medical Terminology Chapter 1
  2. 2. Medical terminology is the language used by heath care professional everywhere. <ul><li>Doctors </li></ul><ul><li>Nurses </li></ul><ul><li>Surgeons </li></ul><ul><li>Medicals Assistants </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmacists </li></ul>
  3. 3. Four Types of Elements to build a medical term <ul><li>Combining Vowels </li></ul><ul><li>Root Word </li></ul><ul><li>Prefixes </li></ul><ul><li>Suffixes </li></ul>
  4. 4. Essentials for a successful Medical Term <ul><li>Pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Proper use of root words, suffixes, and prefixes. </li></ul><ul><li>Singular and Plural use for the ending of the medical terms. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Combining Vowels <ul><li>This helps combine the meanings of medical terms. By combining many different parts to a word. </li></ul><ul><li>The vowels are kept between the root word or suffix. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless the vowel is place in the beginning of the word. </li></ul><ul><li>The vowel O is used in most cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps pronunciation easier. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Word Roots <ul><li>Gives us a definition or meaning of the medical term. </li></ul><ul><li>Involves the parts of the body or body system in which the medical professional is trying to demonstrate. </li></ul><ul><li>A medical term may have many different word roots. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Epigastric </li></ul><ul><li>Epi-over </li></ul><ul><li>Gas-stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Ic-pertaining </li></ul><ul><li>The meaning of this term means pertaining to above the stomach. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Prefix <ul><li>This is the front part of the term. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types of prefixes </li></ul><ul><li>Common Prefixes: Terms used more commonly that are followed by a hyphen </li></ul><ul><li>Example, Aphasia </li></ul><ul><li>A-without, away from </li></ul><ul><li>Phasia-speech </li></ul><ul><li>This term means without speech </li></ul><ul><li>Number Prefix: These prefix involves the number of items or measurements. </li></ul><ul><li>Example, Polyuria </li></ul><ul><li>Poly-many </li></ul><ul><li>Uria-urine </li></ul><ul><li>This term means a lot of urine </li></ul>
  8. 8. Suffix ( the back end of the term) <ul><li>Common are also followed by a hyphen. </li></ul><ul><li>Example, cardiologist. </li></ul><ul><li>Cardio-hearts, </li></ul><ul><li>logist-one who studies </li></ul><ul><li>This term means someone who studies the heart. </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective convert the root of a word to an adjective. </li></ul><ul><li>Example, cardiac </li></ul><ul><li>Cardi-heart </li></ul><ul><li>Ac-pertaining to </li></ul><ul><li>This term means pertaining to the heart. </li></ul><ul><li>Surgical is used for surgical procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>Example, Gastrectomy </li></ul><ul><li>Gas-stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Ectomy-surgically removal </li></ul><ul><li>This term means to surgically remove the stomach. </li></ul><ul><li>Procedural, use for process or instrument purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Example, Gastroscope </li></ul><ul><li>Gas-stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Scope- an instrument used for viewing. </li></ul><ul><li>This term means, an instrument used to view the inner stomach. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Healthcare Documents <ul><li>Commonly use abbreviations. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>P=Pulse </li></ul><ul><li>Qam=every morning </li></ul><ul><li>Qod=every other day </li></ul><ul><li>RBC=red blood cell </li></ul><ul><li>OD=over dose </li></ul><ul><li>Para 1=first delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Medical documents are details about the patient. </li></ul><ul><li>It may show the history, physical state, the attending physicians, the orders of the physician, progress of the patient, diagnosis, operative report (when operation is being performed), Ancillary, Anesthesiologists report (when an anesthetic is being used), pathology report (when and if the patient has this test), and discharge summary. </li></ul><ul><li>All information regarding the patient must be kept confidential, unless signed by the patient to release information. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The End