One of the complexities for many undergraduate students and for first time researchers is ‘How to blend their socialization with the systematic rigours of scientific inquiry?’ For some, the socialization process would have embedded in them hunches, faith, family authority and even ‘hearsay’ as acceptable modes of establishing the existence of certain phenomena. These are not principles or approaches rooted in academic theorizing or critical thinking. Despite insurmountable scientific evidence that have been gathered by empiricism, the falsification of some perspectives that students hold are difficulty to change as they still want to hold ‘true’ to the previous ways of gaining knowledge. Even though time may be clearly showing those issues are obsolete or even ‘mythological’, students will always adhere to information that they had garnered in their early socialization. The difficulty in objectivism is not the ‘truths’ that it claims to provide and/or how we must relate to these realities, it is ‘how do young researchers abandon their preferred socialization to research findings? Furthermore, the difficulty of humans and even more so upcoming scholars is how to validate their socialization with research findings in the presence of empiricism.
In writing this book, I tried not to assume that readers have grasped the intricacies of quantitative data analysis as such I have provided the apparatus and the solutions that are needed in analyzing data from stated hypotheses. The purpose for this approach is for junior researchers to thoroughly understand the materials while recognizing the importance of hypothesis testing in scientific inquiry.