Report on ventolin, ciprofloxacin, and robitussin

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Report on ventolin, ciprofloxacin, and robitussin

  1. 1. Report on Ventolin, Ciprofloxacin, and Robitussin Created by Temitope Olubode
  2. 2. Ventolin <ul><li>Generic Name: albuterol inhalation (al BYOO ter all) </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Names: Accuneb, ProAir HFA, Proventil, Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Ventolin? <ul><li>Ventolin is a sympathomimetic (beta agonist) bronchodilator that relaxes the smooth muscle in the airways which allows air to flow in and out of the lungs more easily </li></ul><ul><li>Ventolin is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm in people with reversible obstructive airway disease. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also used to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm </li></ul>
  4. 4. Before using Ventolin <ul><li>Be sure that you are not allergic to albuterol. </li></ul><ul><li>tell your doctor if you have heart disease, high blood pressure, or congestive heart failure </li></ul><ul><li>a heart rhythm disorder, a seizure disorder such as epilepsy,diabetes or overactive thyroid. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have certain conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use this medication. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ventolin side effects <ul><li>Signs of an allergic reaction: hives, difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat </li></ul><ul><li>bronchospasm (wheezing, chest tightness, trouble breathing), especially after starting a new canister of this medicine </li></ul><ul><li>chest pain and fast, pounding, or uneven heart beats ,tremor, nervousness </li></ul><ul><li>low potassium (confusion, uneven heart rate, extreme thirst, increased urination, leg discomfort, muscle weakness or limp feeling); or </li></ul>
  6. 6. Administration Information <ul><li>Priming: </li></ul><ul><li>Priming Ventolin HFA is essential to ensure appropriate albuterol content in each actuation. </li></ul><ul><li>To prime Ventolin HFA, release 4 sprays into the air away from the face, shaking well before each spray. </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Ventolin HFA before using for the first time: </li></ul><ul><li>when the inhaler has not been used for more than 2 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>when the inhaler has been dropped </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cleaning: <ul><li>To ensure proper dosing and to prevent actuator orifice blockage, wash the actuator with warm water and let it air-dry completely at least once a week </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dose Counter: <ul><li>Ventolin HFA has a dose counter attached to the canister that starts at 204 or 64 and counts down each time a spray is released </li></ul><ul><li>When the counter reads 020, the patient should contact the pharmacist for a refill of medication </li></ul><ul><li>consult the physician to determine whether a prescription refill is needed </li></ul>
  9. 9. Important information about Ventolin <ul><li>It is important to keep Ventolin on hand at all times </li></ul><ul><li>Get prescriptions refilled before you run out of medicine completely </li></ul><ul><li>Keep using all of your other medications as prescribed by your doctor </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ciprofloxacin <ul><li>Generic Name: ciprofloxacin (oral) (SIP roe FLOX a sin) </li></ul><ul><li>Brand names: Cipro, Cipro XR, Proquin XR, Cipro I.V., Cipro Cystitis Pack </li></ul>
  11. 11. What is ciprofloxacin? <ul><li>Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic in a group of drugs called fluoroquinolones which are used to fight bacteria in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Ciprofloxacin is used to treat different types of bacterial infections. It may also be used to prevent or slow anthrax after exposure. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Before taking ciprofloxacin <ul><li>Be sure you are not allergic to ciprofloxacin or similar medications such as levofloxacin (Levaquin), and others </li></ul><ul><li>Tell your doctor if you have a heart rhythm disorder </li></ul><ul><li>joint problems </li></ul><ul><li>kidney or liver disease </li></ul><ul><li>epilepsy or seizures </li></ul><ul><li>diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>low levels of potassium in your blood (hypokalemia); or </li></ul><ul><li>a personal or family history of &quot;Long QT syndrome.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take ciprofloxacin </li></ul>
  13. 13. Side effects of Ciprofloxacin <ul><li>Swelling or tearing of a tendon (the fiber that connects bones to muscles in the body), especially in the Achilles' tendon of the heel </li></ul><ul><li>These effects may be more likely to occur if you are over 60 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Important information about ciprofloxacin <ul><li>Do not take ciprofloxacin with dairy products such as milk or yogurt, or with calcium-fortified juice </li></ul><ul><li>They could make the medication less effective </li></ul><ul><li>It is not known whether ciprofloxacin is harmful to an unborn baby </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use ciprofloxacin without telling your doctor if you are pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Ciprofloxacin passes into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby </li></ul><ul><li>Do not share this medication with another person (especially a child), even if they have the same symptoms you have </li></ul>
  15. 15. Robitussin DM <ul><li>Brand Name: Robitussin-DM </li></ul><ul><li>Generic Drug : Dextromethorphan-Guaifenesin </li></ul>
  16. 16. What is Robitussin DM? <ul><li>Robitussin DM is an over-the-counter cough suppressant and expectorant. </li></ul><ul><li>Robitussin DM helps control your cough and thin secretions so the cough is more productive </li></ul>
  17. 17. Active Ingredients (in each 5ml teaspoon): <ul><li>Dextromethorphan HBr 10mg (cough suppressant) </li></ul><ul><li>Guafenisen 100mg (expectorant) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Dosage: <ul><li>Adults 12 and older - Two teaspoons every four hours as needed for cough. Do not take more than six doses in 24 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Children ages six to 12 - One teaspoon every four hours. Do not take more than six doses in 24 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Children ages two to six - One half (1/2) teaspoon every four hours. Do not take more than six doses in 24 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Children under age two - Ask your doctor </li></ul>
  19. 19. Uses for Robitussin DM: <ul><li>Temporary relief of cough due to throat irritation from: </li></ul><ul><li>Common Cold </li></ul><ul><li>Flu </li></ul><ul><li>Inhaled Irritants </li></ul><ul><li>Helps loosen phlegm (mucous) and thins bronchial secretions to make cough more productive </li></ul>
  20. 20. Side Effects of Robitussin DM: <ul><li>Drowsiness or dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Hives or skin rash </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea, stomach pain or vomiting </li></ul>
  21. 21. Serious side effects that should be reported to your doctor immediately: <ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Excitement, nervousness or restlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Severe nausea and vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Slurred speech </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures or convulsions - in children </li></ul><ul><li>Shakey movements - in children </li></ul><ul><li>Slow or troubled breathing - in children </li></ul>
  22. 22. Important information about Robitussin DM <ul><li>Do not use this medication if you are taking an MAOI (medication for depression, psychiatric, emotional conditions or Parkinson's disease) </li></ul><ul><li>or for two weeks after stopping an MAOI </li></ul>
  23. 23. Ask a Doctor Before Use: <ul><li>If you have a chronic cough that is caused by asthma, smoking or emphysema </li></ul><ul><li>If you have a cough that produces a lot of mucous </li></ul><ul><li>If you are pregnant or breastfeeding </li></ul>
  24. 24. Caution: <ul><li>Stop use and ask doctor if: </li></ul><ul><li>Pain or cough worsens or lasts more than seven days </li></ul><ul><li>Cough occurs with fever, headache or rash won't go away </li></ul>
  25. 25. References: <ul><li>http://www.drugs.com/ventolin.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.drugs.com/cipro.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://coldflu.about.com/od/medications/bb/robitussindm.htm </li></ul>

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