DIFFERENT MINDSAN INTRODUCTION TO ASPERGER’S SYNDROME
WHAT IS AUTISM?Autism is a complex developmental disability.Affects ability to communicate and interact with others.Usuall...
ASPERGER’SSYNDROME                  Asperger‟s &AutismAsperger‟s Syndrome is an Autistic Spectrum Disorder. Itcauses diffi...
ASPERGER’SSYNDROMEAsperger‟s is a term used to describe the milder end of autisticspectrum.First identified by Hans Asperg...
COMMON SYMPTOMSpoor empathy;naive, inappropriate, one-sided social interactionlittle ability to form friendshipssocial iso...
VOICES„People with Aspergers live on a physical level..emotions are invisible‟“If youve seen one Aspie, youve seen one Asp...
THEORIES„intense world‟?Theory of Mind („Mind Blindness‟)?Neurobiological: Cortisol/Testosterone?Extreme Male Brain Theory...
Sally – Ann TestThis is used to assess theability to see events fromanother point of view.Children on the autisticspectrum...
WHY THE INCREASE IN AS?2006 survey found Asperger’s Syndrome to be the fastest risingpsychiatric diagnosis amongst childre...
TEN THINGS TO THINK ABOUT1.   AS is a broad description rather than an absolute formula.2.   Often an „invisible‟ conditio...
‘THE WORLD NEEDS ALLKINDS OF MINDS’Temple Grandin was diagnosed with autism as a small childin the 1950s. Her astonishing ...
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An introduction to Asperger's Syndrome

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An introduction to Asperger's Syndrome, outlining key features and issues. Powerpoint linked to Introduction to Asperger's document which includes links to video clips and journal articles etc.

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  • http://www.ehow.com/video_4908756_symptoms-asperger_s-autism.html
  • Lorna Wing (1981)
  • LinksWhat is Autism? http://www.ehow.com/video_4908756_symptoms-asperger_s-autism.htKids with Asperger’s: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V0DBHxS5Zv0&feature=relatedMy Asperger’s (adult): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WAfWfsop1e0TempleGrandin: http://www.ted.com/talks/temple_grandin_the_world_needs_all_kinds_of_minds.html
  • Intense World: Henry and Kamila Markram of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, the theory suggests that the fundamental problem in autism-spectrum disorders is not a social deficiency but, rather, a hypersensitivity to experience, which includes an overwhelming fear response.http://www.mendeley.com/research/extrememalebrain-theory-autism-14/ Baron-Cohen and Hammer, 1996a‘we now have clues to the neurobiology, the genetics, and the epigenetics of autism’ Mehler and Purpura, “Autism, fever, epigenetics and the locus coeruleus,” quoted: http://psychcentral.com/news/2009/04/02/new-theories-of-autism-asperger-syndrome/5122.htmlSimon Baron-Cohen:"In the social world, there is no great benefit to a precise eye for detail, but in the worlds of maths, computing, cataloguing, music, linguistics, engineering, and science, such an eye for detail can lead to success rather than failure." Baron-Cohen advocates consider AS to be a disability: ‘to ensure provision for legally required special support, and to recognize emotional difficulties from reduced empathy’^ Shattuck PT, Grosse SD (2007). "Issues related to the diagnosis and treatment of autism spectrum disorders". Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev13 (2): 129–35. doi:10.1002/mrdd.20143. PMID 17563895.^ ab Klin A, Volkmar FR (2003). "Asperger syndrome: diagnosis and external validity". Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am12 (1): 1–13. doi:10.1016/S1056-4993(02)00052-4. PMID 12512395.^ Markel H (2006-04-13). "The trouble with Asperger's syndrome". Medscape Today (WebMD).
  • Sally & Ann test - Stephen Edelson Ph.D., "...many autistic individuals do not understand that other people have their own plans, thoughts, and points of viewhttp://www.thestar.com/article/633688http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/Asperger's-diary
  • Fastest rising psychiatric diagnosis amongst children in Silicone ValleyIncreasing tendency to use the term to describe a personality type e.g. ‘Spielberg is a AS because he is a loner and likes technoloy ….’
  • http://www.ted.com/talks/temple_grandin_the_world_needs_all_kinds_of_minds.html
  • An introduction to Asperger's Syndrome

    1. 1. DIFFERENT MINDSAN INTRODUCTION TO ASPERGER’S SYNDROME
    2. 2. WHAT IS AUTISM?Autism is a complex developmental disability.Affects ability to communicate and interact with others.Usually appears during the first three years of life.A “spectrum disorder” & affects individuals differently and tovarying degrees.Estimated that one in every 150 American children has somedegree of autism.
    3. 3. ASPERGER’SSYNDROME Asperger‟s &AutismAsperger‟s Syndrome is an Autistic Spectrum Disorder. Itcauses difficulties in three main areas: social communication social interaction social imagination
    4. 4. ASPERGER’SSYNDROMEAsperger‟s is a term used to describe the milder end of autisticspectrum.First identified by Hans Asperger in 1940sIdentified cases shared some defining features of autismKey differencesspeech less commonly delayed * motor deficits morecommon * later onset * only in boys.Asperger also suggested possible genetic link to fatherAS „High functioning‟ and more treatable than standard autismAsperger‟s Syndrome became a standard diagnosis in 1992World Health Organizations diagnostic manual, InternationalClassification of Diseases
    5. 5. COMMON SYMPTOMSpoor empathy;naive, inappropriate, one-sided social interactionlittle ability to form friendshipssocial isolationpedantic and monotonic speechpoor nonverbal communicationabsorption in narrow topicsfacts learned in rote fashionimpression of eccentricityclumsy and ill-coordinated movementsodd posture.
    6. 6. VOICES„People with Aspergers live on a physical level..emotions are invisible‟“If youve seen one Aspie, youve seen one Aspie,”“I am very empathic. I can …feel what everyone isfeeling … The problem is that it all comes in fasterthan I can process it.”„I think in pictures‟ : http://tiny.cc/njwza : http://tiny.cc/yppa7
    7. 7. THEORIES„intense world‟?Theory of Mind („Mind Blindness‟)?Neurobiological: Cortisol/Testosterone?Extreme Male Brain Theory?Difference not disability?
    8. 8. Sally – Ann TestThis is used to assess theability to see events fromanother point of view.Children on the autisticspectrum typically cannotrecognise that Ann willlook in the basket for theball – because she is notaware that it has beenmoved. They assume thatbecause we can see whathas happened to the ball,Ann can too.
    9. 9. WHY THE INCREASE IN AS?2006 survey found Asperger’s Syndrome to be the fastest risingpsychiatric diagnosis amongst children in Silicone ValleyMisdiagnosis for general social difficulties?„Geek Syndrome‟? (see http://tiny.cc/52i6z)Atomised societyPreviously ignored condition?Classification problem?Predilection for adults to self-diagnose?
    10. 10. TEN THINGS TO THINK ABOUT1. AS is a broad description rather than an absolute formula.2. Often an „invisible‟ condition.3. Transition anxiety is a strong feature – even small changes in routine should be handled carefully.4. Some routine „body language‟ may not be read correctly5. Try to be literal, logical and linear6. Take care to speak in a calm, controlled voice.7. Try to eliminate extraneous noise where possible8. AS helps explain but does not excuse9. You can have a happy, productive life with AS.10. Teach but don‟t preach about Asperger‟s Syndrome
    11. 11. ‘THE WORLD NEEDS ALLKINDS OF MINDS’Temple Grandin was diagnosed with autism as a small childin the 1950s. Her astonishing achievements are aninspiration to everyone living with AS. The Autistic Mind

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