Our cultural and natural heritage


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the students of 1st Gymnasio Neou Psychikou had prepared this document for the 2nd meeting of our comenius project in our school

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Our cultural and natural heritage

  1. 1. 1st Gymnasio of Neo Psychiko Comenius project “ Be globally aware’’ 2010 –2012 2nd partners meeting N. Psychiko 10 - 15 December 2010 “Our Cultural and Natural heritage”Our school is located in the region of Neo Psychiko. Neo Psychiko is a suburb in the northeastern partof Athens in the peninsula of Attica. With a land area of 1.000 km², it is the third-smallest municipality inGreece. Neo Psychiko was recognized as a separate community in 1946, and as a municipality in July1982 . Our city is linked with the city of Athens by bus and the metro line no 3 (Egaleo - Airport). Nearour school is the metro station Holargos.The first junior high school of New Psychiko was founded in 1963-64. It is sheltered in a new building which isnear an athletic centre. Students are from 12 to 15 years old, boys and girls.The Lower Secondary Education, Gymnasio, lasts three years and each grade is divided in 3 classes. Its goal is topromote the all-round development of the pupils’ abilities according to their age and to the demands of life.Our school is a day school, courses start at 8:15 and finish at14:00.During the academic year, the subjects taught are: Education, Ancient Greek Language, Ancient Greek Literature,Modern Greek Language, Modern Greek Literature, History, Civics and Social Studies, English, French or German,Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geography, Physics, Physical Education, Music, Arts, Home Economics, Com-puter Science, Technology.
  2. 2. EPIDAURUS by Vagionis Thanos and Kapantais Nikos C3Epidaurus was a small city in ancient Greece, at the Saronic Gulf. The modern town of Epidau-rus, part of the prefecture of Argolis, was built near the ancient site.HistoryEpidaurus was independent of Argos and not included in Argolis until the time of the Romans.With its supporting territory, it formed the small territory called Epidauria. Reputed to be thebirthplace of Apollos son Asclepius, the healer, Epidaurus was known for his sanctuary situatedabout five miles (8 km) from the town, as well as its theater, which is once again in use today.The asclepieion at Epidaurus was the most celebrated healing center of the Classical world, theplace where ill people went in the hope of being cured. Evenafter the introduction of Christianity and the silencing of theoracles, the sanctuary at Epidaurus was still known as late asthe mid 5th century, as a Christian healing center.
  3. 3. The theater of EpidaurusThe main archaeologicalsite at Epidaurus is itsancient theatre, one ofthe many Greek achieve-ments in terms of ancientconstruction. Apart fromthe symmetry and per-fect proportions of thisHellenistic structure, thetheatre is unique becauseof its excellent state ofconservation, which al-lows it to be still used forperformances. Anotherdistinctive feature of this construction its perfect acoustics. It is said that you could drop a pinon the stage and it can be heard even if your are sitting in the top rows of the theater. This fea-ture guarantees that all 14.000 spectators the theatre can hold enforcement hear every singleword from their seatswith no need of usingsound equipment.Why you should visit EpidaurusEpidaurus is one of the most beautiful places in Greece. During your visit in our country youshould go to Epidaurus because there you can admire both the modern life of a European townand the Ancient Greek culture. The sanctuary of Asclepius was included in the world heritagelist in 1988. There you will have the opportunity to see one of the oldest and finest open-airtheatres of the world.
  4. 4. In the heart of Argolikos Gulf, there is a closelyguarded fabulous scenery with venetian elegance andnobility, the city of Nafplio.It is close to Athens (148 km SW.).Its the main port of eastern Peloponnese
  5. 5. History of Nafplio In ancient times Nafplio was known as Nafplia. The city was named after the son of Poseidon Nafplios. During the Mycenaean period, the city was a powerful marine state with a wall on top of Acronauplia, which was later declined and was abandoned. During the Middle Age, Nafplion met the domination of the Byzantines, the Venetians and the Franks. The first built the newer walls of Acronauplia on the trails of “The Cyclopean" fortifications, while the Venetians and Franks completed the walls and built the castles in Palamidi and Bourtzi. Nafplio is one of the most historical cities in Greece with buildings and monuments that declare its rich past. It is characterized by its neoclassical buildings, old churches, historic, al green squares and, of course, the castle of Palamidi and Bourtzi, the is- land-fortress situated right in front of the city Nafplio. Some of the buildings of historical importance are the first Greek school, next to St. George, the first chamber of the Greek Parliament, the courts, the buildings around Syntagma Square and the Venetian Arsenal, that now houses the archaeological museum.Nafplio today The narrow streets of Nafplion, with the stone houses, the hill, the narrow streets, with of stairs that lead to more neighburhoods with fragrance from the flowering pots will charm you. You can enjoy the beautiful beach of Arvanitias during magnificent sunsets. A ride on a carriage will guide you to dreamy places. Nafplio today provides everything as it is one of the most touristic cities. You can be accommodated in luxurious hotels, where many celeb- rities have stayed.
  6. 6. The Natural Heritage of our region.The nature in Greece is of great diversity and variety.The Hellenic flora comprises approximately 6,000 species and subspecies, of which 1,100 are endemics, i.e. theydont grow anywhere else. The flora of Greece is unique in Europe for its richness and its large analogy of endemicspecies in relation to its size. .Equally rich is the variety of fauna species living, nesting, propagating or migrating in the Greek regions. The faunaconsists of a rich mixture of European, Asian and African species, including a considerable number, which are ex-tensive.The freshwater fish fauna is one of the richest in Europe: 107 species, of which 37 are endemic, in the standing andrunning water systems of the country. Moreover, 40 endemic subspecies have been recorded.There are also at least 18 species of amphibians and 59 species of reptiles, approximately 60% of which inhabit thebroader areas of the Greek wetlands.About 407 bird species have been recorded, of which 240 nest in Greece. The mammals of Greece include 116 spe-cies, of which 57 belong to IUCN endangered species categories.Even though its a relatively small land area, Greece contains an astonishing variety of ecosystems. Wetlands, old-growth forests, fertile shallows, and thousands of islands contribute to Greeces biodiversity. Three quarters of thecountry is mountainous. The mountains, yet unexplored, are very beautiful and full of life. They are covered withthick gorgeous forests and give rise to some of the most spectacular views.The combination of Greeces geographical location among three continents (Europe, Asia, Africa), its ideal Mediter-ranean climate, intense relief, lacy beaches, thousands of islands and rich palaeogeographical history, has createdvital and unique habitats for Europe and the planet.Nowadays intensive human activity threatens nature around the world. Many societies and non government or-ganizations are working hard for the protection, conservation and sustainable development, collaborating with au-thorities for a better future of the Greek nature.In Attica there are 8 important ecosystems under protection. Vravrona’s Wetlands National Park of Sxinias-Marathon Oropos-Asopos estuaries Parnitha’s National Forest Sounio National Forest Acropolis area Aesthetic Forest of Kessariani-Ymittos Pendeli mountain
  7. 7. The Acropolis of Athens. Fauna and flora by Miskala Loretta, Liousis Andonis, Vellopoulou Konstandina C2The greatest and finest sanctuary of ancient Athens,dedicated primarily to its patron, the goddess Athena,dominates the centre of the modern city from the rockycrag known as the Acropolis. The most celebrated mythsof ancient Athens, its greatest religious festivals, earliestcults and several decisive events in the citys history areall connected to this sacred location. The monuments ofthe Acropolis stand in harmony with their natural set-ting. These unique masterpieces of ancient architecturecombine the different orders and styles of Classical artin a most innovative manner and have influenced artand culture for many centuries. The Acropolis of the fifth century BC is the most accurate reflection of the splendor,power and wealth of Athens at its greatest peak, the golden age of Pericles. In subsequent centuries the monu-ments of the Acropolis suffered from both natural causes and human intervention. After the establishment ofChristianity and especially in the sixth century AD the temples were converted into Christian churches. Today theAcropolis is a world heritage monument included in the UNESCO list.In the area called Acropolis there are 5 locations important for their fauna & flora : The temple of Olympian Zeus The theatre of Herodes Atticus The Theatre of Dionysous Pnika The Ancient AgoraThe area of Acropolis has a wide variety of species of fauna and flora ( about 500sp). Among themare some very important habitats that make this ecosystem unique.- The owl has been living since ancient times on the Acropolis. It is the symbol of the goddessAthena and synonymous with wisdom science and wealth.- The “crocodile” of the Acropolis is a small lizard.We can observe a lot of different species of butterflies, reptiles suchas turtles, and many birds, depending on the season.
  8. 8. FloraDuring a walk around in the Acropolis area , we can find daisies, mallow, poppies, chamomile,capers and stink bombs, and two unique species Micromeria acropolitana and Akanthos.- Micromeria acropolitana (Lamiaceae): a small pink flower, only 5 to 20 cm tall, Itwas first collected in 1906 from the Acropolis, Athens and considered extinct untilits rediscovery in 2006, a hundred years later. It is threatened mostly by human ac-tivities.- Akanthos (Acanthus spinosus ) This is an endemic plant that inspired the ancientGreeks to create the design of Corinthian order columns. The leaves, roots andflowers of the plant are still used today in various ways to the prepare homemadedrugs.- Olive tree : According to ancient Greek tradition, home of the olive is Athensand the first olive tree was planted by goddess Athena on the Acropolis. Thistree is the symbol of the Greek ancient goddess named Athena. The Greekswere the first people who cultivated the olive tree in the European Mediterra-nean area.Olive tree gives the olive oil, which isessential for the Mediterraneandiet.