Hindu Teachings


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Hindu Teachings

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Hindu Teachings

  1. 1. Hindu Teachings OneWorldInsight.com
  2. 2. Overview• Harappan civilization & Vedic religion• The Upanishads & the luminous self• Reincarnation & karma• Bhakti and the Puranas• Krishna & The Bhagavad-Gita• The Four Paths to God• Major philosophical systems OneWorldInsight.com
  3. 3. “Truth is one;sages call it byvarious names.” Rig Veda, 2,500 B.C. OneWorldInsight.com
  4. 4. Indus Valley 2,500BC OneWorldInsight.com Invasion Theory Aryan Vedas
  5. 5. All Hinduism has three common themes…• Deep roots in the Vedas and appreciation for the direct personal experience of the truth with meditation• Ethics is central to orderly social life. Suffering is attributed to the law of karma.• But the ultimate cause of suffering is ignorance of the true nature of things. OneWorldInsight.com
  6. 6. The Vedas• Rig Veda - world’s oldest known scripture passed orally for thousands of years• Vyasa credited for recording the Vedas in 3,000 B.C. ( probably written in 1,500 B.C.)• Upanishads are last of the Vedas and are teachings of highly realized masters OneWorldInsight.com
  7. 7. “Beginning from non-being when nothing existed, noteven water nor death, that One breathless breathed byitself. At first this All was concealed by darkness andformless chaos, but by heat that One came into existence.Thus arose desire, the primal seed and germ of Spirit.Sages searching in their hearts discovered kinship with thenon-existent. A ray of light extended across the darkness,but what was known above or below? Creative fertilitywas there with energy and action, but who really knowswhere this creation came from? For the gods came afterthe worlds creation. Who could know the source of thiscreation and how it was produced? The one seeing it inthe highest heaven only knows, or maybe it does not.” OneWorldInsight.com Rig Veda X:129.
  8. 8. “In the beginning there was Existence alone—One only,without a second. He, the One, thought to himself: Letme be many, let me grow forth. Thus out of himself heprojected the universe, and having projected out ofhimself the universe, he entered into every being. Allthat is has its self in him alone. Of all things He is thesubtle essence. He is the truth, He is the Self, And that…THAT ART THOU.” Chandogya Upanishad OneWorldInsight.com
  9. 9. Philosophy of the Upanishads • Reincarnation – we live many lives • Karma – what we sow we reap • Social Duties – sacrifice for orderly living • The Kali Yuga – 4,000,000 year cycles OneWorldInsight.com
  10. 10. Your Comments…The Kali Yuga period is described as, “…when society reaches a stage whereproperty confers rank, wealth becomes theonly source of virtue, passion the sole bond ofunion between husband and wife, falsehoodthe source of success in life, sex the onlymeans of enjoyment, and when outertrappings are confused with inner religion…” OneWorldInsight.com
  11. 11. Great Hindu Epics• The Ramayana – the play of good and evil through the human incarnations of Vishnu• The Mahabharata – the story of the Bharata family ruling India• The Bhagavad-Gita – the divine instructions of Krishna to Arjuna before a great civil war OneWorldInsight.com
  12. 12. OneWorldInsight.com Kuruk setra
  13. 13. The Bhagavad-Gita OneWorldInsight.com
  14. 14. Krishna “I am the Self… seated in the hearts of all creatures. I am the beginning, the middle and end of all beings.”OneWorldInsight.com
  15. 15. ArjunaThe perfect warrior,and a devotee andfriend of Lord Krishna. OneWorldInsight.com
  16. 16. Arjuna Confused By Sorrow “I can find no means to drive away this grief which is drying up my senses. I will not be able to destroy it even if I win an unrivalled kingdom… I shall not fight.” OneWorldInsight.com
  17. 17. Arjuna Asks For Teachings Karma Yoga -- Work Bhakti Yoga -- Devotion Ghyana Yoga -- Study Raja Yoga -- Science OneWorldInsight.com
  18. 18. Karma Yoga of Work“Considering your specific duty as a Ksatriya, youshould know that there is no better engagement foryou than fighting on religious principles…”“Do thou fight for the sake of fighting, withoutconsidering happiness or distress, loss or gain, victoryor defeat—and, by so doing, you shall never incur sin.” OneWorldInsight.com
  19. 19. Bhakti Yoga of Devotion“The wise, engaged in devotional service, take refugein the Lord, and free themselves from the cycle ofbirth and death by renouncing the fruits of action inthe material world.”“A true yogi observes Me in all beings, and also seesevery being in Me. Indeed, the self-realized man seesMe everywhere.” OneWorldInsight.com
  20. 20. Ghyana Yoga of Study“Many, many births both you and I have passed. Ican remember all of them, but you cannot…”“As the embodied soul continually passes in this bodyfrom boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarlypasses into another body at death. The self-realizedsoul is not bewildered by such a change.“Those who are wise lament neither for the livingnor the dead.” OneWorldInsight.com
  21. 21. Raja Yoga of Science“There are others who, enlightened by sacrificingtheir material possessions in severe austerities,take strict vows and practice the yoga of eightfoldmysticism, and others study the Vedas…” OneWorldInsight.com
  22. 22. Eightfold Mysticism of Raja Yoga Samadhi Dhyana YamaDharana Niyama Pratyahara Asana Pranayama Vivekananda OneWorldInsight.com
  23. 23. Yogananda “It is true that Christ lived in India during most of the eighteen unaccounted for years of his life…”OneWorldInsight.com
  24. 24. Arjuna asks… “…the mind is restless, turbulent, obstinate and very strong, O Krishna, and to subdue it is, it seems to me, more difficult than controlling the wind.” “What is the destination of the man of faith who does not persevere…”OneWorldInsight.com
  25. 25. Krishna Reveals HimselfArjuna says to Krishna:“You are the originalPersonality, the Godhead.You are the only sanctuaryof this manifested cosmicworld. You knoweverything, and You are allthat is knowable.” OneWorldInsight.com
  26. 26. “My dear Krishna, O Infallible one, my illusion is now gone. I have regained my memory by Your mercy, and I am now firm and free from doubt and am prepared to act according to Your instruction.”OneWorldInsight.com
  27. 27. The War Begins… OneWorldInsight.com
  28. 28. Krishna of the Puranas• Myths of ancient times – 1000 CE.• This material universe is only one of millions of material universes• Each is like a bubble created and destroyed as Vishnu breathes in and out• Krishna is depicted as a much loved young cow herder boy OneWorldInsight.com
  29. 29. Four periods in the life of a Hindu male• 1-25 years a student to a teacher• 25-50 house holder stage• 50-75 detach from society• 75 onward a sannyasin completely detached OneWorldInsight.com
  30. 30. The Guru OneWorldInsight.com
  31. 31. Mantras OneWorldInsight.com
  32. 32. Great Goddess Durga Goddess Durga with ten arms holding weapons to vanquish the demons who threaten the dharma.OneWorldInsight.com
  33. 33. Goddess KaliThe black mother Kali,the destroyer, the divinein its fierce form. Kaliis the destroyer of evil,the destruction forceused for transformation.She cuts away to thetruth. OneWorldInsight.com
  34. 34. Shiva Lord of the Dance Shiva is one of the three aspects of deity: Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the preserver, and Shiva theOneWorldInsight.com destroyer.
  35. 35. VishnuVishnu exists as theCreator and alsowithin every being asour soul, ourSupreme. He alsoenters or descend toour world in the formof Avatar wheneverhis presence isneeded. OneWorldInsight.com
  36. 36. Indra King of the Gods OneWorldInsight.com
  37. 37. Contemporary Hindus OneWorldInsight.com
  38. 38. Your Comments…“Truth or God is One.Our Real nature is divine.The purpose of our life is to realize theOne in our own soul.There are innumerable spiritual paths, allleading to this realization of divinity.” Ramakrishna Movement OneWorldInsight.com