Mental Health Learning objectives By end the topic participants would have learnt the following:
Learning objectives Definition of mental health Why is mental health of particular importance among young people Consequences of poor mental health Promoting mental health among young people
Definition of mental health Mental health is an essential dimension in the definition of health according to WHO Mental health can be conseptualized as a state of well being in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with normal stresses of life, can work fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.
Mental health also relates to a person’s ability to manage and cope with feelings that may arise as a result of their understanding or experience of social, physical or psychological events. Young people are dynamic and energetic , as such, their mental health is very important.
Why is mental health of particularimportance among young people? Keeping young people health will translate to a vibrant nation contributing towards development of the nation. This means less juveniles,less mental illness cases and disorders, less violence. Good mental health among young people means more young people finishing school,
Importance of mental health to YPMore young people will be able to manage their own businesses; but there will also be a reduction in incidences of HIV associated with abuse of drugs and substances .
Factors influencing Mental health Physical factors – brain injuries/ trauma, accidents, birth injuries/ developmental disorders. Psychological factors – These events are so traumatic that YP feel incapable of handling the events and they become compromised.
Social factors Social problems especially those that cause stress are recognised as a cause of mental health eg poverty, failure in shool, abuse , unemployment, violence , high incidence of HIV and substance abuse
Consequences of poor mental health Anxiety and stress Depression Deliberate self harm Eating disorders Obsessive compulsive behaviours Psychosis
Promoting mental health Interventions of promoting mental health among young people Early childhood interventions eg home visiting for pregnant women , pre school psycho social interventions etc Support to children (eg skills building programmes, child and youth development programmes)
Interventions cont’d • Socio-economic empowerment of women ( eg improving access to education, micro credit schemes) • Social support to old age populations • Programmes targeted at vulnerable groups • Mental health promotion activities in schools eg child friendly schools • Mental health interventions at work eg stress prevention programmes
Housing policies eg house improvements Violence prevention programmes eg community policing initiatives . Community development programmes eg intergrated rural development
Critical elements in promoting mentalhealth among adolescents and YP 1 Power of communication 2 Holding boundaries 3 Asking questions 4 Emotional literacy 5 Exploring options vs giving advice 6 Challenging 7 Knowing your limitations
Giving constructive criticismSummary Promoting mental health among young people is very important to prevent mental illness Mental health of YP is affected by physical, social economic and psychological fators.
Summary cont’d Counselling and guidance are very paramount at all levels and this could be part of comprehensive YFHS. Consequences of poor mental health could be difficult to manage and could take time, however, professionals , parents and peers need to support YP so that we can reduce incidences of mental health
Health workers, social workers, parents should help young people realise who they are, be empathetic to them and offer constructive criticisms.