E-Health Research Project <ul><li>By Diana Lozeva </li></ul>
Introduction <ul><li>What is E-Health? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we need E-Health? </li></ul><ul><li>What is telecardiology...
What is E-Health? <ul><li>Term for healthcare practice which is supported by electronic processes and communication.  </li...
Why do we need E-Health? <ul><li>Heart disease is the single most fatal disease of modern society. Heart attacks became th...
What is telecardiology? <ul><li>Nowadays with the development of advanced technologies, remote transmission and gaining of...
What is telemedicine? <ul><li>Telemedicine is a term that has to do with any medical activity involving an element of dist...
Who needs telemedicine? <ul><li>Patients that does not have an easy access: </li></ul><ul><li>Distance </li></ul><ul><li>P...
Why telemedicine? <ul><li>Increase access to continuing medical education and training.  </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce professi...
Principles of health system <ul><li>Based on equity, efficiency, quality, affordability, sustainability and patient satisf...
Developing countries <ul><li>A big number of telemedicine projects are already implemented in developing countries. </li><...
Standards <ul><li>Under telemedicine, there is a wide range of technology and applications. </li></ul><ul><li>This variety...
The 10 E’s in E-Health <ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing quality </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence based </li></ul><...
References: <ul><li>www.wikipeadia.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/health/index_e...
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E Health Research Project

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E Health Research Project

  1. 1. E-Health Research Project <ul><li>By Diana Lozeva </li></ul>
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>What is E-Health? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we need E-Health? </li></ul><ul><li>What is telecardiology? </li></ul><ul><li>Who needs telemedicine? </li></ul><ul><li>Why telemedicine? </li></ul><ul><li>The principles of health system </li></ul><ul><li>Developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><li>The 10 E’s in E-Health </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is E-Health? <ul><li>Term for healthcare practice which is supported by electronic processes and communication. </li></ul><ul><li>E-health is defined as electronic information and interactions connecting people and communities to health services. </li></ul><ul><li>E-health is an emerging field in the intersection of medical informatics, public health and business, referring to health services and information delivered through the Internet and related technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>E-Health it is an additional tool to improve access to existing facilities and resources. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why do we need E-Health? <ul><li>Heart disease is the single most fatal disease of modern society. Heart attacks became the number one killer in the world we live in today. </li></ul><ul><li>45% of the total mortality rate in the USA is due to cardiac related diseases. Many of these deaths are a result of the time elapsed between the cardiac event and the medical assistance provided to the patient. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the leading factors in the diagnosis of a person’s heart condition is his Electro Cardio Gram. </li></ul><ul><li>The activity of the heart is regulated by </li></ul><ul><li>electrical impulses, which can be measured and presented, </li></ul><ul><li>for diagnostic purposes, in the form of an ECG. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is telecardiology? <ul><li>Nowadays with the development of advanced technologies, remote transmission and gaining of ECG via the telephone became possible, giving new possibilities for a wide range of applications, ranging from home care to defensive diagnosis and emergency service. </li></ul><ul><li>It is estimated that 2% -4% of the world population suffer from heart diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>10%-12% of the world population is considered to have two or more heart diseases risk factors, which would ideally require periodical diagnosis or preventive medical treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>It increases chances of recover by minimizing the immediate damage, and a potentially shorter hospitalization period following the attack. </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to reduce the mortality rate by 50% by shortening the time between the heart attack and the beginning of treatment. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is telemedicine? <ul><li>Telemedicine is a term that has to do with any medical activity involving an element of distance. </li></ul><ul><li>A doctor- patient communication, which involves telecommunication, goes back at least to the use of ship-to-shore radio for giving medical advice to sea captains. </li></ul><ul><li>Telemedicine is the delivery of healthcare services, where distance is a critical factor, by all health care professionals using information and communication technologies for: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the exchange of valid information for diagnosis, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>treatment and avoidance of diseases and injuries, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>research and evaluation, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for the continuing education of health care providers. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Who needs telemedicine? <ul><li>Patients that does not have an easy access: </li></ul><ul><li>Distance </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation, transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Medical conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency situations </li></ul><ul><li>Social conditions </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why telemedicine? <ul><li>Increase access to continuing medical education and training. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce professional isolation among doctors and other health care staff located remote and rural areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide and advanced medical services in emergencies. </li></ul><ul><li>Fair access to quality health care services. </li></ul><ul><li>People at remote and rural areas will receive better treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Better management of patient referrals. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of specialized Regional and National databases. </li></ul><ul><li>Multi- country training in public health. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Principles of health system <ul><li>Based on equity, efficiency, quality, affordability, sustainability and patient satisfaction. </li></ul><ul><li>There are several basic healthcare requirements such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of the service </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Effective use of limited resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Know-how sharing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access to medical or healthcare information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Time and cost management </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Developing countries <ul><li>A big number of telemedicine projects are already implemented in developing countries. </li></ul><ul><li>In most cases they are small by size and implemented with the support of different developed countries and international organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Potential benefit of telemedicine is more visible in developing countries. </li></ul><ul><li>However, it is quite common that in the same country there are several incompatible telemedicine solutions. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Standards <ul><li>Under telemedicine, there is a wide range of technology and applications. </li></ul><ul><li>This variety of technology and applications poses a significant difficulty for the establishment of standards. </li></ul><ul><li>The lack of standards has implications for: telemedicine quality , safety , efficiency , privacy , investment , and security . </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the telemedicine projects are based on existing video- conferencing and desk- top computer systems, which were originally designed for purposes other than health care delivery. </li></ul><ul><li>The entire telemedicine system is not necessarily evaluated objectively for its ability to safely provide diagnostic information. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The 10 E’s in E-Health <ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing quality </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence based </li></ul><ul><li>Empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Encouragement </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling </li></ul><ul><li>Extending </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Equity </li></ul>
  13. 13. References: <ul><li>www.wikipeadia.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/health/index_en.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.itu.int/net/home/index.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>Rapporteur 014172 ITU SG2 handout </li></ul><ul><li>www.e-health-insider.com / </li></ul><ul><li>E-Health, Telehealth, and Telemedicine: A Guide to Startup and Success (Jossey-Bass Health Series) </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Telemedicine 2 nd edition </li></ul><ul><li>E-Health monthly magazine on Healthcare ICT’s technologies and applications </li></ul>

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