The BigB.A.N.G.S. Adjectives that PRECEDE the Noun they Describe / Modify
It’s more than just a theory… It’s the LAW!Find out how and why
Qui?• Think about a family member or classmate that you know well.• How would you describe this person?• Intelligent, young, kind, handsome or pretty, tall or short???
une description• C’est une fille ou un garçon?• Il / Elle a quel âge?• Comment est-il / est-elle?• Donnez 7-10 adjectifs français pour décrire cette personne: 1. 6. 2. 7. 3. 8. 4. 9. 5. 10. *Make sure to use the correct gender of adjectives to avoid insult and embarrassment*
écrire• Maintenant, using the adjectives that you have come up with, write several short descriptive phrases about this person.• Par exemple: – Marc n’est pas un garçon gentil. – Marc est un élève méchant. – Il est jeune et petit. – Il est brun.
un adjectif normal• When you wrote these short phrases, where did you put the adjective that described the person?• Before or after the noun? Where do most adjectives go in French? Circle the correct phrase for each set: une fille intelligente / une intelligente fille un homme anglais / un anglais homme la voiture violette / la violette voiture le livre intéressant / le intéressant livre mes voisines chinoises / mes chinoises voisines
un adjectif normal• So, where to most adjectives go in terms of the word that they are describing?• Behind it, of course!• You should have circled the phrase on the left side of the / mark for each exercise.• Is this adjective placement similar to English?• NOPE!• Sounds simple, enough, right? Nothing you didn’t already know.
Mais… • Just when you thought it was safe to nail down a solid grammatical rule in the French language… • Nine (and sometimes more!) exceptions rear their ugly heads! Oui! There are basically nine adjectives that precede the noun they modify!Disclaimer: There are other adjectives that precede the noun in addition to theadjectives we are discussing today, but we’ll save that study for French III – IV.
the nature of the beasts• To make things easier, let’s just focus on the nine little monsters that surfaced on the last slide.• Fortunately, these monsters are easily tackled and placed into categories, which makes identification much simpler.• The grammar police have come up with a special acronym to assist regular civilians.• This acronym is best known as…
B.A.N.G.S.• B = beauty (2 adjectives)• A = age (2 adjectives)• N = newness (1 adjective) and ordinal numbers (infinite)• G = goodness (2 adjectives)• S = size (2 adjectives)• These adjectives all precede the nouns they modify in French!
B.A.N.G.S.• BANGS = adjectives that precede the noun that they are describing.• Actually, you already know most of them! In your study packet, list the adjectives that you think might fit under each category. Remember, there are 9 total.• To keep it simple, just list the masculine singular forms.
B.A.N.G.S. B A N G SBeauty Age Newness Goodness Size Number (Ordinal)
B.A.N.G.S. B A N G S Beauty Age Newness Goodness Size-beau -jeune -nouveau -bon -petit-joli -vieux -mauvais -grand
B.A.N.G.S. and all their forms• While classifying these monsters can be fairly simple, getting a grip on them can be a little more challenging because they morph into many forms.• Each adjective has 4 forms – For describing masculine singular nouns (m.s.) – For describing feminine singular nouns (f.s.) – For describing masculine plural nouns (m.pl.) – For describing feminine plural nouns (f.pl.)
Mastering the Forms• In your packet we have many adjectives that follow different rules for agreement with their nouns.• We will complete the first one of each category together and you will complete the rest of the packet.
The Tricksters• There is a second m.s. form for the adjectives beau, vieux and nouveau – they are used to describe masculine singular nouns that start with a vowel or a vowel sound (h).• Such as: – homme – ami – ordinateur – élève (m.s.) – étudiant• All the words above start with a vowel sound. In order to make French sound a little prettier, special adjectives were invented to use in front of these masculine singular nouns that start with a vowel sound.
The Tricksters• Voici des exemples: [bell] [vee-yay] [nooh-vell] Beautiful/handsome Old New (good-looking) Un bel homme Un vieil homme Un nouvel homme Un bel étudiant Un vieil étudiant Un nouvel étudiant Un bel ami Un vieil ami Un nouvel ami Un bel ordinateur Un vieil ordianteur Un nouvel ordinateur
les étapes – the detection process• Now it’s time to apply your new-found knowledge.• In theory, it’s easy to say that you understand BANGS in these exercises, but will they catch you off guard in day- to-day translation?• Most likely! Unless, that is, you are prepared.• On the following slide, you will see a specially designed process for detecting those nasty BANGS adjectives. Internalize this process and it will be sort of like your own grammatical anti-virus system.
les étapes en ordre• Zut! Looks like the steps have been scrambled up!!! Write the numbers in the logical order: ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___ – 1. THEN ask yourself, « Is the word to be described singular or plural? » If singular, does is start with a vowel sound? – 2. Decide what characteristic the adjective is expressing (color, size, shape, etc) – 3. Find the adjective in the sentence and what it is describing. – 4. Choose the correct form of the adjective based on your conclusions of number, gender, and beginning sound. – 5. After deciding if singular or plural, ask yourself, « Is the word to be described masculine or feminine? » – 6. Ask yourself, « Is the adjective expressing beauty, age, newness, goodness, or size? » If so, it’s most likely a BANGS adjective. – 7. Ask yourself, « Is the adjective that I have found translate to one of the BANGS adjective forms? »
APPLICATION• Did you figured out the correct order?• Using the numbers from the previous slide, here is the correct order: 3, 2, 6, 7, 1, 5, 4
RECAP• The exercises are given in your packet. Arrive at the correct answer (and write it down of course!) by answering the following questions each time: – 1. What is the adjective? – 2. What is the adjective expressing? – 3. Is it expressing any of the BANGS characteristics? – 4. Is this word actually a BANGS adjective? – 5. Am I describing a singular or plural word? If singular, does it start with a vowel sound? – 6. Am I describing a masculine or feminine noun?
PRATIQUEZ!• Try these exercises (for the adjectives that you are unfamiliar with, be sure to read the topmost portion of the page to help you out.)• http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/adj3.html• If you don’t know what a French word means, use context clues to help you or use a French / English dictionary.
BE CAREFUL OUT THEREIn the World of French Adjectives! ~ fin ~