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  W...
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BILGE	
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A.393	
 ...
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  W...
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Yard	
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Environmental	
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  of	
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©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved.
MARPOL  Annex  I  
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  WATER	
   To  cons...
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vikingsupply.com	
  
GST 2014
Uppgrade bilge/sludge
system
March 2014
Anders Karlsson
Superintendent
Viking Supply Ships
I...
vikingsupply.com	
  
ANCHOR	
  HANDLING	
  TUG	
  SUPPLY	
  VESSEL	
  –	
  CLEAN	
  DESIGN	
  
Class:	
  DnV,	
  +1A1,	
  ...
vikingsupply.com	
  
vikingsupply.com	
  
vikingsupply.com	
  
•  Big	
  problems	
  with	
  emulsified	
  	
  sludge/bilge	
  and	
  ”no	
  `me”	
  	
  for	
  seali...
vikingsupply.com	
  
vikingsupply.com	
  
vikingsupply.com	
  
vikingsupply.com	
  
vikingsupply.com	
  
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Upgrading bilge water systems on vessels delivered 2010‐12 by Viking Supply Ships and Clean Ship Scandinavia

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There is often a lack of connection between owner and yard when installing bilge water technologies which can lead to increased operating costs.

Viking Supply Ships AS is currently upgrading the bilge water system on several vessel built in 2010-2012. The system was going into re-circulation too often frustrating the crew and causing discharge problems. A ’Clean bilge water tank’ will be installed in addition to settling tanks and a heating system. Niclas Karlsson, Managing Director of Clean Ship Scandinavia assisted Viking Supply AS in assessing their technologies options.

There are several different technologies available for treatment of bilge water and there are big differences in price. For new-buildings the yards are always looking for the lowest price and not to the performance , operational cost or if the separator could handle a chemical emulsion. Many new vessel designs have implemented IBTS, Integrated Bilge water Treatment System, but there is a lack of experience and know-how regarding the set-up.

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Upgrading bilge water systems on vessels delivered 2010‐12 by Viking Supply Ships and Clean Ship Scandinavia

  1. 1. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. Green  Ship  Technology  Conference  2014 >  MARPOL  Annex  I  -­‐  Bilge  water >  Players  with  different  objecMves…   >  Viking  Supply  Ships  -­‐  a  case  study Niclas  Karlsson   niclas@cleanship.se
  2. 2. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. MARPOL  Annex  I MARPOL  Annex  I   BILGE  WATER   Machinery  space  bilges   Bilge  water   holding  tank     Port  Recep<on   Facili<es     OWS   >15  ppm   Sludge  tank   <15  ppm   Proceeding  en  route   Overboard  discharge   Incinerator   BUT  is  it  really  so  simple?  
  3. 3. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. MARPOL  MARPOL  Annex  I PrevenMon  of  polluMon  by  Oil MARPOL  Annex  I   BILGE  WATER   Water   Fresh  water   Sea  water   Cooling  water   Boiling  water   Grey  water   Black  water   Oil   Heavy  fuel  oil   Diesel  oil   Lube  oil   Hydraulic  oil   Chemicals   Detergents   Foam  liquid   Solvents   Par<cles   Metals   Soot   Bilge  water  is  a  mixture  of…   The  composiGon  constantly  change  depending  on  type  of  ship,  rouGnes  onboard,  etc   Emulsifiers We  are  talking  about  a  Mechanical  &  Chemical  emulsion  
  4. 4. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. MARPOL  Annex  I   BILGE  WATER   A.393  (X)   MEPC.60(33)   MEPC.107(49)   GravitaGonal  Filtering  equipment     GravitaGonal  Filtering  equipment     15  ppm  Bilge  Separator     Adopted   14  Nov  1977   30  Oct  1992   18  Jul  2003   Applicable  for  installa<ons   On  or  aWer  14  November  1978  and   unGl  29  April  1994   On  or  aWer  30  April  1994,  but   before  1  January  2005   AWer  1  January  2005   ”Effec<ve  over  the  complete  range   of  oils  which  might  be  carried  on   board  ship”   Cannot  be  expected     Cannot  be  expected     Must  be  capable     ”Oil  of  very  high  rela<ve  density  or   with  a  mixture  presented  to  it  as  an   emulsion”   Nor  can  it  deal  sa<sfactorily   Nor  can  it  deal  sa<sfactorily     Deal  sa<sfactorily   Emulsifiers   Detergents  should  not  be  used  in   the  bilges  for  cleaning  purposes   Only  those  cleansing  agents  which   do  not  affect  the  performance  of   the  equipment  should  be  used   Minimize  the  presence  of   Cleansing  agents,  emulsifiers,   solvents  or  surfactants     Comments   Care  should  be  taken  that  the  bilge   water  is  fed  to  the  filtering   equipment  a]er  the  emulsion  has   broken.   The  15  ppm  Bilge  Separator  must   be  capable  of  separa<ng  the  oil   from  the  emulsion     MARPOL  MARPOL  Annex  I PrevenMon  of  polluMon  by  Oil
  5. 5. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. Oil     Marine  DisGllate  Fuel  Oil   MARPOL  Annex  I   BILGE  WATER   MEPC.107(49) Revised  Guidelines  and  SpecificaMon  for  PolluMon  PrevenMon  Equipment  for  Machinery  Space  Bilges  of  Ships Tests  are  performed  by  using  three  grades  of  test  fluids;   Oil     Marine  Residual  Fuel  Oil   Test  Fluid  ’A’   Test  Fluid  ’B’   Water   Fresh  water   94.78%   Oil   Test  Fluid  A   2.5%     Test  Fluid  B   2.5%     Chemicals   Surfactant   0.05%     Par<cles   ’Iron  oxides’   0.17%     Test  Fluid  ’C’   MEPC.107(49)     DuraGon  of  test:       415  min  excl.condiGoning     Total  approx  9  hours     No  of  samples:     18   205  min   excl.  condiGoning   60  min   excl.  condiGoning   150  min   excl.  condiGoning   9  samples   6  samples   3  samples   Efficiency  test   6%  Test  Fluid  C   3,000  ppm   Efficiency  test   0.5-­‐1%  and  25%  Test  Fluid  B   5,000  –  10,000  ppm   Efficiency  test   0.5-­‐1  %  and  25%  Test  Fluid  A   5,000  -­‐  10,000  ppm  
  6. 6. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. MARPOL  Annex  I MARPOL  Annex  I   BILGE  WATER   >  Many  crew  members  experience  problems  with  OWS  and  piping  systems!     >  ”Magic  pipes”  which  by-­‐passes  the  ship’s  oily-­‐water  separator  is  sGll  very  much  in  use!   A  ”Magic  pipe”  is  a  direct  result  of   Bilge  water  separator  that  doesn’t  work   the  way  it  is  supposed  to  do.
  7. 7. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. Port  State  Control  –  MARPOL  related  DetenMons Annex  I   Annex  II   Annex  III   Annex  IV   Annex  V   Annex  VI   Oil   Noxious  Liquid   Substances  carried  in   Bulk   Harmful  Substances   carried  in  Packaged   Form   Sewage   Garbage   Air  PolluGon   Paris  MoU   parismou.org   2010     794  DetenGons   124   15.6%   1   0.1%   0   8   1.0%   5   0.6%   12   1.5%   2011   608  DetenGons   119   19.6%   1   0.2%   0   9   1.5%   3   0.5%   32   5.3%   2012   651  DetenGons   99   15.2%   0   0   12   1.8%   3   0.5%   21   3.2%   Tokyo  MoU   tokyo-­‐mou.org   2010   1,411  DetenGons   236   16.7%   0   1   0.1%   43   3.0%   4   0.3%   9   0.6%   2011     1,560  DetenGons   230   14.7%   0   0   73   4.7%   1   0.1%   11   0.7%   2012   1,420  DetenGons   192   13.5%   0   0   67   4.7%   6   0.4%   18   1.3%   US  Coast  Guard   homeport.uscg.mil   Detained  for  environmental  protecGon  and  safety  related  deficiencies     2010   156  DetenGons   31   19.9%   0   0   -­‐   1   0.6%   -­‐   2011   97  DetenGons   23   23.7%   0   0   -­‐   0   -­‐   2012     104  DetenGons   29   27.9%   0   0   -­‐   1   1.0%   -­‐  
  8. 8. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. Owner   Yard  Designer   Environmental  Management  System   Reduce  costs  &  Improve  efficiency   Sustainable  operaGon   Environmental  compliance   Know-how Space onboard Price Environmental  awareness  –  Players  with  different  objecMves
  9. 9. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. Owner   Yard  Designer   Environmental  Management  System   Reduce  costs  &  Improve  efficiency   Sustainable  operaGon   Environmental  compliance   Know-how Space onboard Price Design   Construc<on   Opera<on   Retrofit  &   Conversion   Ship   recycling   The  life  cycle  of  a  vessel   Environmental  awareness  –  Players  with  different  objecMves
  10. 10. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. Owner   Yard  Designer   Environmental  Management  System   Reduce  costs  &  Improve  efficiency   Sustainable  operaGon   Environmental  compliance   Know-how Space onboard Price Design   Construc<on   Opera<on   Retrofit  &   Conversion   Ship   recycling   The  life  cycle  of  a  vessel   Environmental  awareness  –  Players  with  different  objecMves
  11. 11. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. Owner   Yard  Designer   Environmental  Management  System   Reduce  costs  &  Improve  efficiency   Sustainable  operaGon   Environmental  compliance   Know-how Space onboard Price Design   Construc<on   Opera<on   Retrofit  &   Conversion   Ship   recycling   The  life  cycle  of  a  vessel   Environmental  awareness  –  Players  with  different  objecMves
  12. 12. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. Example  of  Environmental  Regula<ons  &  Standards  to  consider   IMO  MARPOL  73/78   IMO  MARPOL  73/78  (incl.  Special  Areas)   Hong  Kong  ConvenGon   Flag  state   Flag  State   Class  RegulaGons,  incl.  EP  notaGons   Class  RegulaGons,  incl.  EP  notaGons   NORSOK   EPA  US  VGP   SEEMP/EEDI   Port  State  Control   Vemng,  i.e.  OCIMF  and  CDI   Local  regulaGons,  i.e.  OSPAR,  HELCOM,  MAP.   Environmental  iniGaGves   Clean  Shipping  Index   Clean  Cargo  Working  Group   Green  Award   Etc,  etc…   Design   Construc<on   Opera<on   Retrofit  &   Conversion   Ship   recycling   Environmental  awareness  –  Players  with  different  objecMves
  13. 13. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved.   Makers   Many  makers  approach  the  owners  &  designers  and  promote     the  excellence  of  their  equipment.     Some  makers  will  approach  the  yards  with  “good  prices”…     Designers  &  Owners   Not  aware  of  the  environmental  legislaGon…    …  quickly  focus  on  the  ships  main  purpose!     “Copy  &  Paste”  from  old  specificaGons.       What  is  the  challenge?
  14. 14. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. MARPOL  Annex  I   BILGE  WATER   To  consider  when  designing  a  Bilge  water  system It  is  very  easy  to  get  the  MEPC.107(49)  Type  Approval  Cer<ficate!   The  test  standard  MEPC.107(49)  only  require  test  of  emulsified  bilge  water  for  2,5  hours.      !   Performance   Most  of  the  bilge  water  onboard  is  emulsified  due  to  the  use  of  different  chemicals  and  chemical  addiGves.  2   Can  the  separator  handle  chemical  emulsions  and  all  chemicals  onboard?   Ask  for  the  list  of  approved  chemicals  which  the  separator  can  handle!     Opera<onal  cost   What  is  the  operaGonal  cost  per  m3  treated  emulsified  bilge  water?       Including  the  costs  for  consumables  such  as  filter  elements  and  chemicals  and  pumping  ashore.     3   Worldwide  Service  network   Spare  parts,  service  AND  training  for  the  crew!   How  is  the  bilge  water  system  designed?   Is  the  system  properly  built  with  heaGng  and  seqling  tanks?  IBTS?   4   1   5  
  15. 15. cleanship.se ©  2014  Clean  Ship  Scandinavia  AB.  All  rights  reserved. Now  to  the  reality  onboard….
  16. 16. vikingsupply.com   GST 2014 Uppgrade bilge/sludge system March 2014 Anders Karlsson Superintendent Viking Supply Ships Islands Brygge 57, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark Cell: +45 41 77 83 93 anders.karlsson@vikingsupply.com  
  17. 17. vikingsupply.com   ANCHOR  HANDLING  TUG  SUPPLY  VESSEL  –  CLEAN  DESIGN   Class:  DnV,  +1A1,  ICE-­‐1A,  Tug  Supply  Vessel,  Fire  Fighter  II,  OILREC,  SF,  E0,   DYNPOS-­‐AUTR,  NAUT-­‐OSV(A),  CLEAN  DESIGN,  COMF-­‐V(3),   DEICE,  T-­‐MON,  BIS,  DK(+),  HL(2,8),  LFL*   4  –New  builds    delivered  from  Zamakona,  Spain  2010-­‐2012  
  18. 18. vikingsupply.com  
  19. 19. vikingsupply.com  
  20. 20. vikingsupply.com   •  Big  problems  with  emulsified    sludge/bilge  and  ”no  `me”    for  sealing   •  Ac`on  plan  required  !   •  Sugges`ons  from  vessels       •  Sugges`ons  from  experts   •  Combining  of  various  ideas  and  geeng  ”value  for  money”     •  Budget…   •  Approval  process   •  Implementa`on  1st  vessel   •  Evalua`on   •  Result  
  21. 21. vikingsupply.com  
  22. 22. vikingsupply.com  
  23. 23. vikingsupply.com  
  24. 24. vikingsupply.com  
  25. 25. vikingsupply.com   The preferred partner within the harsh environment offshore market

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