Charged Activated Pressure Filter [CAPF] uses charged activated filter media, which is direct replacement of Sand. Made in Scotland from specific grade of green glass & processed to get charged by activation. Once replaced, no need to replace for its life time. No bio fouling due to negative zeta potential aroung filter media. Surface area is 1,000,000 m2/m3, which is 300 times silica/quartz sand. Can filter down to 1.0 micron & turbidity less than 0.5 NTU. The golden rule is "What goes in during service cycle needs to come out during backwash.