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  1. 1. Ethan Allen [email_address] University of Southern Mississippi 4/29/2011 Ethan Allen
  2. 2. The Seven Wonders Selected by the Ancient Greeks When the ancient Greeks decided to select seven wonders from the many impressive structures that had been constructed throughout history, there was a lot of argument about which structures to select. Over the years, many different lists were created. Finally, a list was presented that most Greeks agreed included the seven most wondrous wonders, each a unique achievement. Ethan Allen
  3. 3. Visit the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World Great Pyramid at Giza Hanging Gardens of Babylon Statue of Zeus at Olympia Temple of Artemis at Ephesus Mausoleum at Halicarnassus Colossus of Rhodes Lighthouse at Alexandria Ethan Allen
  4. 4. … There are three main pyramids in Giza Khufu – the largest pyramid, known as the Great Pyramid Khafre – Khufu’s son’s tomb, 2 nd largest pyramid, and it is easily recognizable by its’ limestone cap Menkaure – Built for Khufu’s other son, it is the smallest of the three pyramids The Pyramids are the only world wonder still standing today… Ethan Allen
  5. 5. <ul><li>Hanging Gardens of Babylon </li></ul>According to accounts, the gardens were built to cheer up Nebuchadnezzar's homesick wife, Amyitis . The land she came from, was green, rugged and mountainous, and she found the flat, sunbaked terrain of Mesopotamia depressing. The King constructed an artificial mountain with roof top gardens to remind his queen of her homeland The gardens do not hang, it was just a mistake in translation Ethan Allen
  6. 6. <ul><li>Statue of Zeus at Olympia </li></ul>Ethan Allen
  7. 7. <ul><li>The statue of Zeus resided in the temple of Zeus, the site of the first olympics </li></ul><ul><li>The sculptor of the Statue also created a 40ft tall statue of Athena for the Parthenon </li></ul><ul><li>A few columns are the only thing that remain of the temple and statue </li></ul><ul><li>Various excavations uprooted artifacts of the temple and the sculptors workshop, but no artifact has surfaced from the statue of Zeus </li></ul>Ethan Allen
  8. 8. <ul><li>Colossus of Rhodes </li></ul>Ethan Allen
  9. 9. <ul><li>The island of Rhodes was an important trade centre in the ancient world. </li></ul><ul><li>It is located off the southwestern tip of Asia Minor </li></ul><ul><li>The statue was one hundred and ten feet high and stood upon a fifty-foot pedestal near the harbour mole. </li></ul><ul><li>It took twelve years to build </li></ul>Ethan Allen
  10. 10. Although the statue has been popularly depicted with its legs spanning the harbour entrance so that ships could pass beneath, it was actually posed in a more traditional Greek manner: nude, wearing a spiked crown, shading its eyes from the rising sun with its right hand, while holding a cloak over its left. The statue was built as a tribute to the Rhodians patron god, Helios It was built after their underdog victory against Demetrius’ army of 40,000 Ethan Allen
  11. 11. <ul><li>Temple of Artemis </li></ul>The first Marble constructed temple in honor of the Ephesus god Artemis The temple has been destroyed and rebuilt 7 times The temple was burnt to the ground by a young man trying to go down in history Ethan Allen
  12. 12. <ul><li>Ephesians took the Arson very seriously </li></ul><ul><li>The young man was put to death and anyone who mentioned his name were put to death too </li></ul><ul><li>Today a single column is left at the original site of the temple </li></ul>Ethan Allen
  13. 13. Ptolemy decided Alexandria,Eygpt needed a symbol and a way to guide ships into its bust harbour After 20 years of construction the world’s first light house was complete The light house gets its name from the island it was built on, Pharos Island The light house towered over 300 feet above sea level Ethan Allen
  14. 14. The lighthouse became a tourist atraction, food was served on the first level of the tower Massive stone blocks were found at the bottom of the Meditterainian sea, no one knows for sure if the blocks came from the lighthouse Ethan Allen
  15. 15. Ethan Allen
  16. 16. <ul><li>In 353 B.C. King Mausolus died, His widow wanted to build him a great tomb as a tribute </li></ul><ul><li>The Mausoleum stood for 17 centuries until a series of earthquakes destroyed the tomb </li></ul><ul><li>The word muasoleum is derived from King Mausolus </li></ul>Ethan Allen
  17. 17. <ul><li>Thanks You for your time, </li></ul><ul><li>Any Questions ? </li></ul>Ethan Allen