Guatemala is located in Central America atthe southern tip of Mexico between theCaribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
Guatemala remained a Spanish colony for nearly 300 years, before gaining its independence in 1821. It was then a part of the Mexican empire until becoming fully independent in the 1840s. Since then, Guatemalas history has been divided into periods of democratic rule and periods of civil war and military conferences. Most recently,. Guatemala emerged from a 36-year civil war, reestablishing a representative government in 1996.
Weaving is a popular business with a rainbow ofcolors found in the villagers” hand-woven clothes,each indigenous village has its own unique patternand color.
The National Palace is were the presidents live and wereconferences are made. The National Palace is made of a greenstone only found in Guatemala.
Guatemala is a land of tropical jungles, active volcanoes, mountain lakes, mountain cloud forests,volcanic beaches and coral reefs.Antigua Guatemalawas the capital ofGuatemala until awater volcano eruptand flooded allAntigua .Now it isrebuilt andthousands of turistsgo visit it’sbeautiful turismplaces.
Antigua is famous for its Catholic celebration of Holy Week,which commemorates the Passion, Crucifixion andResurrection of Jesus Christ. The entire city participates inthe event, and thousands of national and internationalvisitors flock to Antigua to witness the dramatichappenings. Taking place sometime between March 22 andApril 23, the entire week is full of solemn activities thatreplicate the Passion and Crucifixion of Christ, culminatingin jubilation on Easter. The special flavor of this eventarrived with Spanish missionaries from Seville, who broughtAndalusian flavor to the religious phenomenon duringcolonial times
PROCESSIONSThe carpets along the processional route are made during the 24 hoursprior to the procession. If more than one procession goes down a streeta new carpet is made for each procession. Carpets express bothreligious as well as contemporary messages in thedesigns. Preparations for the carpets begin weeks, sometimes months,ahead.Sand or sawdust is generally used to level the cobblestoneroadway. Sawdust is then collected and dyed in differentcolors. Favorite colors are purple, green, blue, red, yellow andblack. Flowers such as bougainvillea, chrysanthemums, carnations,roses and other native plants and pine needles are also used.Carpets are started the day before the procession and the constructionis timed so that the carpets are finished just before the carriers of thefloat arrive so that carpet looks its best.The carriers of the main float are the first ones allowed to walk over thecarpet. They are followed the rest of the procession.
The Maya civilization was one of the grandest in the history of the world and the reason for its collapse is still shrouded in mystery. Maya civilization built awe-inspiring temples, pyramids, cities and formed a complex social and political order. Many of the remnants in Tikal reveal the culture of this ancient civilization. The Mayan culture excelled in many different fields, and testaments of their achievements are found throughout the area..