Amir Jahangir, Competitiveness Support Fund 11 October, 2007 Innovation Journalism Pakistan
Journalism in Pakistan <ul><li>What is missing? </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation; economic impact of innovation </li></ul><ul>...
Pakistan and Innovation Journalism
“ The goal is to increase public focus on innovation, competitiveness, business and technology,”  Omar Ayub Khan,  Chairma...
Linking Finance to Innovation & Competitiveness, Competitiveness Support Fund   Partners:
Innovation Journalism Program for Pakistan Phase One Phase Two Phase Three Innovation Journalism Program, Pakistan Interna...
Phase 1: International InJo Program  at the Stanford University <ul><li>2006-2009 - 12 leading Pakistani journalists will ...
Phase 1: TCI Annual Conferences <ul><li>Participation of 15 leading journalists at The Competitiveness Institute’s Annual ...
Media Organizations Involved in the  Innovation Journalism Program
Progress for the Phase 1  (2006-2007) Participation as INJO Fellows:   2 Participation in TCI Conferences:   7 No. of jour...
Phase 2: Capacity Building of    Working Journalists <ul><li>Interactive workshops and training sessions for working journ...
Innovation Communication   Competitiveness Support Fund & World Economic Forum  Amir Jahangir (C) 2007 Global Competitiven...
Methodology for the Global Competitiveness Index Has 9 Key “Pillars” <ul><li>    Ranks . </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Requireme...
Methodology for the Global Information Technology Index has 3 sub-indexes The NRI is composed of three component indexes w...
Role of Innovation Communication in  Economic Growth Boost Economic Growth Better Employment/ Job Creation Knowledge-based...
Phase Three: New Resource Development   <ul><li>Identification of four geographical regions </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Helix...
Qaid-e-Azam NUST Fatimah Jinnah Women University                                                                          ...
Outcome of the Program <ul><li>The 3 year program will develop capacity of: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phase 1:   27 </li><...
Challenges and Opportunities for Innovation Communication  PORT ROZ SEZ SEZ SEZ SEZ SEZ China PVT. AIRPORT SEZ SEZ <ul><li...
Thank You
<ul><li>Amir Jahangir  </li></ul><ul><li>Consultant, </li></ul><ul><li>Competitiveness Support Fund </li></ul><ul><li># 53...
Amir Jahangir (C) 2007 Back up Slides
Pillar 1 Institutions (12.5% of GCI Score) Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements   2005    2006 </li></...
Pillar 2 Infrastructure (12.5% of GCI Score) Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements   2005    2006 </li>...
Pillar 3 Macroeconomy (12.5% of GCI Score) Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements   2005    2006 </li></...
Pillar 4 Health and Primary Education  (12.5% of GCI Score)  Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements 2005 ...
Pillar 5 - Higher Education and Training (13.33% of GCI Score)  Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements   ...
Pillar 6 – Market Efficiency (13.33% of GCI Score)  Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements   2005    200...
Pillar 7 - Technological Readiness (13.33% of GCI Score)  Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements   2005  ...
Pillar 8 – Business Sophistication (5.0% of GCI Score)    Part of the BCI Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Impro...
Pillar 9 – Innovation (5.0% of GCI Score)  Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements   2005    2006 </li></...
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The Competitiveness Institute\'s 10 Conference - Innovation Journalism Commmunication

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Amir Jahangir\'s presentation at the TCI 10 Conference at Portland Oregon, November 2008

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  • The journalism in Pakistan is addressing the usual beats of News, Current Affairs, Politics, Sports, Entertainment, Finance Economics and Business News. What is missing in the news chain is the technology and innovation factor, this really means that the relevancy of news is not at par with the economic development and real issues addressing the economy.
  • Pakistan’s Minister of State for Finance announced Pakistan’s commitment to Innovation and Competitiveness, at the Competitiveness Institute’s 8 th annual conference in Hong Kong. The announcement followed on the heels of Finland’s announcement that it, too, was joining the unique Stanford program that places foreign journalists at U.S. publishing giants to work in the emerging field of innovation journalism.
  • The Competitiveness Support Fund has been established with the funding of USAID and a matching grant by the Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan. The Competitiveness Support Fund (CSF) grows out of a benchmarking exercise that identified a gap in Pakistan’s efforts to become more competitive: the need for a vehicle to finance and support interventions that drive innovation, promote cluster development, establish linkages between academia and industry, encourage formation of innovative business incubator programmes and venture capital, promote knowledge based enterprise development, create better jobs and boost innovation-driven long-term economic growth. The principal objective of CSF is to: 1. Promote knowledge- based enterprise start-ups and increase the productivity of the country’s enterprises, 2. Enhance the quality of the services and create new and better job opportunities, 3. Improve regulatory framework for viable business environment, and 4. Reinforce innovation-driven economic growth.
  • Phase One: International Innovation Journalism Program at Stanford Phase Two: Capacity Building of the Working Journalists Phase Three: New Resource Development
  • 1) From 2006-2008, leading Pakistani editors will participate in the International Innovation Journalism Fellowship Program at Stanford. 2) Each group of Fellows will, during four to six months, refine their expertise in reporting on innovation and build international collegial networks. 3) The Program will assist in bridging technology and business reporting in Pakistan, and bridging Pakistani reporting with reporting in the US and other countries.
  • 1) From 2006-2008, leading Pakistani editors will participate in the International Innovation Journalism Fellowship Program at Stanford. 2) Each group of Fellows will, during four to six months, refine their expertise in reporting on innovation and build international collegial networks. 3) The Program will assist in bridging technology and business reporting in Pakistan, and bridging Pakistani reporting with reporting in the US and other countries.
  • Capacity Building of the Journalists: This initiative of the Competitiveness Support Fund, Sponsored by the USAID Mission to Pakistan is a Medium to Long term strategy to develop human resource in the media industry. The InJo Fellows from the Stanford University would be asked to share their knowledge with their peers in the industry. Methodology: Training and capacity building workshops would be arranged on specific issues concerning different industries. A group of 10-15 journalists would be selected to participate in these interactive sessions, where one expert from the industry will share his knowledge on the issues, bottlenecks, opportunities and the role of different stakeholders would be discussed. The InJo fellows would share their vision and knowledge on how to report on these issues. The participants would be asked to develop at least 10 reports/packages in the next 12 months on the subject on which they received their training. A panel of senior media and industry experts would be asked to review the reports and select the best report thus nominating the best reporter in the specific industry. The journalist would be rewarded as the prestigious award of the best journalist of the industry by the Competitiveness Support Fund. Note: The interactive sessions would be based on issues concerning innovation, competitiveness and knowledge based enterprise initiatives.
  • The Competitiveness Support Fund has been established with the funding of USAID and a matching grant by the Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan. The Competitiveness Support Fund (CSF) grows out of a benchmarking exercise that identified a gap in Pakistan’s efforts to become more competitive: the need for a vehicle to finance and support interventions that drive innovation, promote cluster development, establish linkages between academia and industry, encourage formation of innovative business incubator programmes and venture capital, promote knowledge based enterprise development, create better jobs and boost innovation-driven long-term economic growth. The principal objective of CSF is to: 1. Promote knowledge- based enterprise start-ups and increase the productivity of the country’s enterprises, 2. Enhance the quality of the services and create new and better job opportunities, 3. Improve regulatory framework for viable business environment, and 4. Reinforce innovation-driven economic growth.
  • The Competitiveness Institute\'s 10 Conference - Innovation Journalism Commmunication

    1. 2. Amir Jahangir, Competitiveness Support Fund 11 October, 2007 Innovation Journalism Pakistan
    2. 3. Journalism in Pakistan <ul><li>What is missing? </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation; economic impact of innovation </li></ul><ul><li>News </li></ul><ul><li>Current Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Finance, Economic and Business News </li></ul>
    3. 4. Pakistan and Innovation Journalism
    4. 5. “ The goal is to increase public focus on innovation, competitiveness, business and technology,” Omar Ayub Khan, Chairman, Competitiveness Support Fund 8 th TCI Annual Conference 2005
    5. 6. Linking Finance to Innovation & Competitiveness, Competitiveness Support Fund Partners:
    6. 7. Innovation Journalism Program for Pakistan Phase One Phase Two Phase Three Innovation Journalism Program, Pakistan International Innovation Journalism Program at Stanford Capacity Building of Working Journalists New Resource Development
    7. 8. Phase 1: International InJo Program at the Stanford University <ul><li>2006-2009 - 12 leading Pakistani journalists will participate in the Innovation Journalism Fellowship Program. </li></ul><ul><li>Each Fellow will refine expertise in reporting on innovation and become a part of the INJO community. </li></ul><ul><li>The Program will: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating a community of Journalists reporting on Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistani journalists establish links with newsrooms in US and other countries. </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. Phase 1: TCI Annual Conferences <ul><li>Participation of 15 leading journalists at The Competitiveness Institute’s Annual Conferences 2006 -2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction with journalists and cluster practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming on leading issues on innovation and competitiveness </li></ul>
    9. 10. Media Organizations Involved in the Innovation Journalism Program
    10. 11. Progress for the Phase 1 (2006-2007) Participation as INJO Fellows: 2 Participation in TCI Conferences: 7 No. of journalists involved (print): 185 No. of journalists involved (electronic): 70
    11. 12. Phase 2: Capacity Building of Working Journalists <ul><li>Interactive workshops and training sessions for working journalists in collaboration with WEF and INJO Program – 9 Pillars of Global Competitiveness Index of the World Economic Forum </li></ul><ul><li>InJo Fellows to be mentors for these interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Subsequently participants to increase public focus through news, articles and reports </li></ul><ul><li>Lectures at Business and Journalism Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Journalist of the Year Awards – 9 Pillars </li></ul>
    12. 13. Innovation Communication Competitiveness Support Fund & World Economic Forum Amir Jahangir (C) 2007 Global Competitiveness Report 91 / 125 2006-2007 94 / 114 2005-2006 Global Information Technology Report 84 / 115 2006-2007 67 / 114 2005-2006
    13. 14. Methodology for the Global Competitiveness Index Has 9 Key “Pillars” <ul><li> Ranks . </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Requirements (50%) Weight Pak </li></ul><ul><li>1. Institutions 12.5% 79 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Infrastructure 12.5% 67 </li></ul><ul><li>3. Macroeconomy 12.5% 86 </li></ul><ul><li>4. Health and Primary Education 12.5% 108 </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency Enhancers (40%) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Higher Education and Training 13.3% 104 </li></ul><ul><li>6. Market Efficiency 13.3% 54 </li></ul><ul><li>7. Technological Readiness 13.3% 89 </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation and Sophistication (10%) </li></ul><ul><li>Business Sophistication 5.0% 66 </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation 5.0% 60 </li></ul>Weighting of Global Competitiveness Index 9 “Pillars” - INJO
    14. 15. Methodology for the Global Information Technology Index has 3 sub-indexes The NRI is composed of three component indexes which assess: - environment for ICT offered by a country or community - readiness of the community's key stakeholders (individuals, business and governments) - usage of ICT among these stakeholders. Measuring the Network Readiness Index (NRI)
    15. 16. Role of Innovation Communication in Economic Growth Boost Economic Growth Better Employment/ Job Creation Knowledge-based Enterprise Dev. Upgrade Enterprise Competitiveness Improve Competitiveness of Pak. Economy COMPETITIVENESS SUPORT FUND Innovation Communication COMPETITIVENESS Innovation SME Access To Finance Establish Industry-Academia Linkages Business Incubation Cluster Development
    16. 17. Phase Three: New Resource Development <ul><li>Identification of four geographical regions </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Helix – making media as a part of the Helix </li></ul><ul><li>Three universities from each region on the basis of their core focus: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Business/Economics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Journalism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutions / Universities collect information on competitiveness and innovation on various clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism schools to develop content and research with media on innovation and competitiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>InJo Fellows will act as mentors along with the journalists involved in the capacity building initiative </li></ul>
    17. 18. Qaid-e-Azam NUST Fatimah Jinnah Women University                                                             IBA NED University Mass Comm, KU LUMS UET Punjab Univ. University of Peshawar M.I. Sciences Baluchistan University or BUITMS Academia and the InJo Program Dairy Surgical Horticulture Motorcycle Furniture Innovation Policy Media ICT Marble and Granite Gems Pharmaceuticals Gender Fisheries Food Safety Motorcycle
    18. 19. Outcome of the Program <ul><li>The 3 year program will develop capacity of: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phase 1: 27 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>working journalists with international networking </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phase 2: 450 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Editors, reporters, working journalists & management </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phase 3: 300 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Future innovation communication leaders </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 20. Challenges and Opportunities for Innovation Communication PORT ROZ SEZ SEZ SEZ SEZ SEZ China PVT. AIRPORT SEZ SEZ <ul><li>Capacity Building - Transportation & Logistics - Livelihoods - Tourism - Agriculture - Micro and SME - Health - Education - Infrastructure - Media </li></ul>National Trade Corridor D
    20. 21. Thank You
    21. 22. <ul><li>Amir Jahangir </li></ul><ul><li>Consultant, </li></ul><ul><li>Competitiveness Support Fund </li></ul><ul><li># 53, Street No. 1, F-6/3, Islamabad – 44000, Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Cell: +92-300-8555161 </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: +92-51-2272042 / 43 </li></ul><ul><li>Fax: +92-51-2270358 </li></ul><ul><li>www.competitiveness.org.pk </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail: [email_address] / [email_address] </li></ul>Amir Jahangir (C) 2007
    22. 23. Amir Jahangir (C) 2007 Back up Slides
    23. 24. Pillar 1 Institutions (12.5% of GCI Score) Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements 2005  2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Diversion of Public Funds (to investments) 74  67 </li></ul><ul><li>Public trust in Government 83  55 </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial independence 87  80 </li></ul><ul><li>Favouritism in decisions of government officials 68  52 </li></ul><ul><li>Wastefulness of government spending 48  42 </li></ul><ul><li>Business costs of terrorism 94  55 </li></ul><ul><li>Weakening </li></ul><ul><li>Property Rights 87  95 </li></ul><ul><li>Burden of government regulation 101  122 </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical behaviour of firms 44  82 </li></ul><ul><li>Efficacy of corporate boards 116  123 </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of minority shareholders interests 27  57 </li></ul><ul><li>(Private sector) </li></ul>Back to Original Slide
    24. 25. Pillar 2 Infrastructure (12.5% of GCI Score) Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements 2005  2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Overall infrastructure quality 77  67 </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad infrastructure 59  39 </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of port infrastructure 68  52 </li></ul><ul><li>Weakening </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of air transport infrastructure 53  59 </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of Electricity supply 86  87 </li></ul>Back to Original Slide
    25. 26. Pillar 3 Macroeconomy (12.5% of GCI Score) Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements 2005  2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest Rate Spreads 67  37 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weakening </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation (hard data) 84  99 </li></ul><ul><li>National Saving rate (hard data) 88  92 </li></ul><ul><li>Government Surplus/Deficit (hard data) 64  89 </li></ul><ul><li>Government Debt/GDP ratio (hard data) 68  69 </li></ul><ul><li>Real Effective Exchange rate 38  45 </li></ul>Back to Original Slide
    26. 27. Pillar 4 Health and Primary Education (12.5% of GCI Score) Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements 2005  2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Net Primary Enrollment (hard data) 115  112 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weakening </li></ul><ul><li>Infant Mortality 105  109 </li></ul><ul><li>Business Impact of Malaria 62  101 </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberculosis Prevalence (hard data) 93  101 </li></ul><ul><li>Business Impact of Tuberculosis 51  99 </li></ul><ul><li>Life Expectancy at Birth 93  97 </li></ul><ul><li>Business Impact of HIV/AIDS 84  89 </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria Prevalence (hard data) 84  87 </li></ul>Back to Original Slide
    27. 28. Pillar 5 - Higher Education and Training (13.33% of GCI Score) Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements 2005  2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gross Tertiary Enrollment Ratio (hard data) 109  106 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extent of Staff Training 107  91 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of Math and Science Education 86  85 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of Educational System 89  74 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weakening </li></ul><ul><li>Gross Secondary Enrollment Ratio 110  112 </li></ul><ul><li>Local Availability of Specialized </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Training Services 75  83 </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of Management Schools 58  71 </li></ul>Back to Original Slide
    28. 29. Pillar 6 – Market Efficiency (13.33% of GCI Score) Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements 2005  2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hiring and Firing Practices 49  26 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time Required to Start a Business 33  30 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extent and Effect of Taxation 95  33 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ease of Access to Loan 73  42 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency of Legal Framework 97  91 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation in Labor-Employer Relations 95  77 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensity of Local Competition 79  73 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weakening </li></ul><ul><li>Soundness of Banks 34  84 </li></ul><ul><li>Brain Drain 58  73 </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Ownership Restrictions 56  72 </li></ul>Back to Original Slide
    29. 30. Pillar 7 - Technological Readiness (13.33% of GCI Score) Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements 2005  2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laws Relating to ICT 78  65 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weakening </li></ul><ul><li>Cellular telephones </li></ul><ul><li>(subscribers per 100 people-hard data) 111  115 </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Computers </li></ul><ul><li>(per 100 people-hard data) 106  113 </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Users </li></ul><ul><li>(users per 10,000 people-hard data) 102  107 </li></ul><ul><li>Firm-level Technology Absorption 47  85 </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Readiness 74  77 </li></ul><ul><li>FDI and Technology Transfer 40  75 </li></ul>Back to Original Slide
    30. 31. Pillar 8 – Business Sophistication (5.0% of GCI Score) Part of the BCI Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements 2005  2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of National Business Environment 75  67 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weakening </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Value Chain Presence 35  47 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sophistication of Company 67  72 Operations & Strategy </li></ul></ul>Back to Original Slide
    31. 32. Pillar 9 – Innovation (5.0% of GCI Score) Global Competitiveness Report 2006 <ul><li>Improvements 2005  2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity for innovation 74  38 </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual property protection 79  38 </li></ul><ul><li>Government Procurement for 52  47 </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Product </li></ul><ul><ul><li>University /industry research collaboration 72  61 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Company spending on research & development 59  51 </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of scientific research institutions 63  62 </li></ul><ul><li>Weakening </li></ul><ul><li>Utility Patents (Hard Data) 78  78 </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of scientists and engineers 67  78 </li></ul>Back to Original Slide

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