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Tvet landscape 2025 YP Chawla & Dr RSP Singh


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India's Technical & Vocational Education ( TVET) 20landscape in 2025

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Tvet landscape 2025 YP Chawla & Dr RSP Singh

  1. 1. 1, YP Chawla 2, Dr RSP Singh 1,Advisor Joint Electricity Regulatory Commission & National Joint Secy. IIPE, & Research Scholar; +91 98107 08707 2,Associate Prof. School of Vocational Education & Training – IGNOU and Research Guide; +91 11 29571645; +91 98181 56941 1
  2. 2. 30.91 -2.27 17.35 14.99 6.92 -7.48 3.77 -3.34 5.65 -1.41 8.29 -1.68 7.17 -5.08 5.61 -6.64 5.56 -4.16 5.82 0.4 5.73 -10.72 5.08 -5.77 6.935 -16.66 3.44 0.4 2.12 -3.27 xx.Xx Yr 2006-07 & 2011-12 -x.xx (-) is Shaded Lower Box : Yr 2012-13 -2.98 2.11 12.3 -4.69 4.67 -5.22 Workforce Reduction 2
  3. 3. Sectoral Changes in Work force -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 Annual Rate of Employement in Labour Intensive Industries Annual Change for 2008-09 and 2011-12 Change in 2012-13 3
  4. 4. China Thailand S.Korea Indonesia Malaysia Singapore Philippines Brazil Mexico India S.Africa CY 1991 32.5 28.2 27.4 21.4 25.6 26.1 25.3 25.3 20.6 15.2 22.9 CY 2010 32.5 35.6 30.3 24.8 24.6 21.6 21.4 16.2 17.3 14.9 14.7 India Ranks 52nd Globally in terms of Manufacturing Value Added ( MVA) as a % of GDP. “High-Tech” products, value-added manufacturing needs to be an integral part “ Make in India”. The Dollar Business ( Jan 2015 Edition) identifies five industries that bear the potential to uplift India’s manufacturing sector, with right catalysts put in place by the policymakers 4
  5. 5. Video Clip -Make in India 5
  6. 6. Low Technology Skills High Technology Skills Skills with Least Human Intervention Indian labor market becoming increasingly polarized, with rapid growth in wages, high-skill professional jobs Highly Educated taking low-wage, low skill jobs . This raises concern about : Availability of Low Skill jobs with Low Skill wages. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Dairy Farmers, Enterprenuers, 19350 Jewellery Retails Sales Associate, 22455 Customer Care Executive ( Call centers), 34493 Instore Promoter, 46931Sales Associate, 51018 Business Correspondent s / Business Facilitators (BC/BF), 68088 Domestic Data Entry Operators, 79850 Unarmed Security Gaurds, 88426 Trainee Associates, 126217 Skilled,Trained & Certified as on 31.12.2014 8
  9. 9. Almost 93 % of India’s 475 Mn. Labour Market Work force work in un- organized sector & contribute to about 50% of India’s GDP. Census planned.9
  10. 10. This is due to Advanced Technologies and Automation 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. Land scape earlier developed • Organized Retail : 17.3 mn. Real Estate : 17 mn. • Health Care : 12.7 mn. Food Processing : 9.3 mn. • Education & Skill Development Services : 5.8 mn Impact of “ Make in India” Campaign on previous Skill Land Scape 12
  13. 13. Conclusions • Quality Vs. Quantity of Skilled Manpower is to be chosen correctly. Some of the Industry (high technology)do not find any value addition in Skilling. • As envisaged today, the Skill Scape for 2025 will be around the key industries in India poised to drive growth during this period that include: • Infrastructure and construction: India targeted to be world’s third-largest construction market by 2025. • Automobile manufacturing: Rising cost of automobile ownership , high fuel prices and interest rates, A younger demographic, low labor costs, and a plentiful supply of engineers are capable of turning India into a global hub for auto manufacturing as Global customers becoming more cost-conscious. • Banking, Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI) :boost because of expansion and funding requirements for these sectors covering Rural India, along with the urban lower-middle class. • Textile & Clothing meeting the growing need for huge population and exports based on low cost labour • Transport & Logistics: expanding to meet Infrastructural & Industrial needs. 13
  14. 14. • Wholesale and retail: Rising incomes, growing middle class, young brand conscious consumers, technological advancements, and the proliferation of nuclear families will strengthen this sector, playing a prominent role in future growth. Organized retail (licensed retailers such as corporate-backed supermarkets and retail chains), has redefined the retail experience in India. The segregated market, including wholesale, multiband, single brand, and online retail, along with neighborhood “mom-and-pop” stores, will put pressure on retailers to innovate to compete. • Real Estate: meeting growing needs of the housing for big population base. • Health Care & Pharmaceuticals: Low investment and poor health Indian infrastructure has limited the growth of this sector. Indian pharmaceutical industry is projected to surpass other leading emerging economies in the 21st century as a global center for end-to-end drug discovery and innovation. Changing profile of health problems, rise in early detection of acute diseases, and increasing availability of treatment facilities, have boosted the demand for drugs, as well as the need for health care diagnostic facilities in the metropolitan areas due to a rising middle class. Large rural market still remains to be un tapped. Growth Pharmaceuticals Conclusions… Contd. 14
  15. 15. •Agriculture and Food Processing: Agriculture produce Aggregation and processing for feeding millions. •Information and communication technology (ICT): World’s second-largest mobile subscriber base (900 million) India, and the third-highest Internet subscriber base. IT spending by businesses and consumers to increase. Aiding wider ICT sector, with greater penetration of computing technology, smartphones, and the Internet in both urban and rural areas. •Solar Energy – More Important Now after visit of POTUS •Education and Skilling: The Skilling itself has become a big job market. Stable government crucial in improving investment sentiments attracting global various manufacturers to establish factories and R&D centers in India. These factors with key drivers of growth in manufacturing “Make in India”. Conclusions.. Contd. 15
  16. 16. Recommendations • National Institute of Transforming India (NITI) Aayog is requested to have a holistic relook into Investment, Job creation and related Skill needs. Action: PMO • India needs Vishwamitras (Trainers) for Transforming our Work force through Transition like Rama & Lakshman were trained. These Vishwamitras can being in excellence in TVET Skilling. Action: Industry & Skilling Institutions. • Scale and Speed (with in a time frame) are a must for Skilling India- a must for India’s growth; otherwise we will miss the bus to reach the growth levels we are aspiring for and ACT - Action Collaboration & Transformation to make an IMPACT on Economics & the Polity . Action: Industry & Skilling Institutions. • Skill Standards are to be developed faster, made known to the stakeholders and everyone to work for meeting the requirements. Till Sector Skill Councils finalize Skill Standards, Industry can come up these standards of their own and can make a contribution in developing these voluntarily Action: Industry & Skilling Institutions. 16
  17. 17. 0 1 2 3 4 5 SKillLevel Skill Gaps in Automation - Entrants vs. Industry Requirements Entrant Indl. Reqmt 17
  18. 18. 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 Site Assesment Work Average Sample Score SkillStandardsforSolarRenewableEnergy Skill Gaps Solar Power Got Thrust 18
  19. 19. These insights provide a glimpse of the corporate world ( Industry Profile) to the skill supply side, can be used as guidelines for matchmaking the talent supply and demand sides. 19
  20. 20. Indian Hiring Report 2015 CII, Wheebox WHEEBOX EMPLOYABILITY SKILL TEST (WEST) assessed the test takers on five areas. Test taken by about 3,00,000 students across states and domain areas. 20
  21. 21. Skilled under NDSC Programs ( numbers as on 30.9.2014) Agriculture/Rural Farm 1,46,965 2 Automobile / auto components 2,03,450 3 Aviation 1,422 4 Banking/Insurance and finance 2,28,423 5 Building & Construction 1,05,524 6 Capital Goods 4,733 7 Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals 3,515 8 Education/ skill development 97,480 9 Electrical Hardware 4,013 10 Electronics & IT Hardware 61,936 11 Engineering 11,321 12 Entrepreneurial Skills 6,210 13 FMCG 407 14 Food Processing/Cold Chain/ Refrigeration 2,808 15 Gems & Jewelry 54,22121
  22. 22. 15 General 804 16 Government 919 17 Handloom and Handicrafts 3,947 18 Health Care 1,01,249 19 Infra 1,512 20 IT or software 1,82,199 21 ITES-BPO 1,04,462 22 IT-ITES 4,44,611 23 Leather and leather goods 20,151 24 Manufacturing 11,552 25 Media, entertainment, broadcasting, content creation, animation 13,641 26 Organized Retail 4,46,071 27 Others 83,583 28 Plumbing 10,259 29 Rural non farm 8,668 30 Security 1,35,83022
  23. 23. 31 Select Informal Sectors (domestic help, beauticians, facility management) 27,926 32 Service Sector 75,292 33 Soft-skills and English Communication 14,504 34 Telecom 5,73,880 35 Textiles and Garments 29,922 36 Tourism, hospitality and travel 42,091 37 Rubber 4,325 38 Mining 0 39 Transport and logistics 7,439 Total 32,77,265 A Long Leap Required To Catch Up 23
  24. 24. • Enhancing Industrial growth base with zero defect and zero effect (environment) is behind the philosophy of “Make in India”, through Skilled workforce. Action: Industry. • Our Skilled / TVET work force is to be highly efficient to meet global Skill standards aligned to Post 2015 requirements set by UN and today skilled workforce acts as a currency for the country. Action: Industry & Skilling Institutions. • Achieve excellence in manufacturing, Multiskilling is answer to dynamic change in Technologies. Action: Industry and Skilling Institutions • Indian Political empowerment achieve a rank of 15 / 142 at World’s Economic forum 2014 but ranks poorly in Education attainment 126/142, Economic Participation & Opportunity Index 134/142. The Govt. has now in turn is required to empower its people with Skills and Employment, Employment opportunities by facilitating FDI by investor friendly policies, rules, laws, procedures in terms of Labour laws, Land acquisition and approvals to help uplift India’s global rank of “ease of doing business” to help India get technologies, Finances for people’s empowerment. Action: Govt. of India. Recommendations.. Contd. 24
  25. 25. • Talent development to support achieving “Make in India”, the Skilling Institutions have not to work for plucking the low hanging fruits but what the Industry needs. Action: Skilling Institution • India to quickly bring in Vocational training programs matching the aspirations of youth, to make them adaptive of the economy, collaborative and be credible (and portable) certifications. Portability to be between certificates, diplomas, degrees and also geographical across Globe. Action: Government • MSMEs to be empowered to play an important role to create a brand image of India in labour intensive for higher employment generation. Action: Government Recommendations.. Contd. New Industry, Industry Expansion, Entrepreneur Organizations / MSME, New Jobs, Skilling Infrastructure ITIs , ITCs and Matching Skill scape for getting the manpower with above Skills requiring an Holistic Approach. 25
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  28. 28. • Support Slides 28
  29. 29. • For India, where the literacy rate has a huge variation from one end of the country to another; and more than 90% of the workforce is part of un-organized sector, this is the most daunting task ever, and the sub optimal quality of the workforce is something that increases the challenge associated with it by multiple levels. 29
  30. 30. Here's how the manifestos of BJP and Congress did on the word count. Congress released its manifesto on March 26, 2014. BJP did so on April 7, 2014.
  31. 31. THE INDIA SKILLS REPORT 2014 CII , People Strong & Wheebox 31
  32. 32. Electronics Auto ComponentsAuto Auto Components Auto Electricals Auto Electricals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals 32
  33. 33. Crude is now being Replaced by Shale Oil –Man is dynamic in finding Solutions Crude Global Price In USD Year 33
  34. 34. India loading the Coal buckets manually Automated Australian Coal Mining from 575 Ms. Mining Pits that has become a Joy ride /museum now 34