CHCICS301A Skin Assessment & Care
Skin Assessment <ul><li>May be informal or formal </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs on an ongoing basis </li></ul><ul><li>May be ov...
Skin Assessment <ul><li>Collection of  subjective data,  via client interview and questioning </li></ul><ul><li>Collection...
What to assess? <ul><li>Skin colour </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Moisture </li></ul><ul><li>Texture  </...
<ul><li>Turgor  (elasticity) </li></ul><ul><li>Bruising </li></ul><ul><li>Skin hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of lesio...
Skin Turgor
Other assessment areas <ul><li>Associated with skin assessment is : </li></ul><ul><li>Hair and scalp – assessment of colou...
Nail Texture / Color
Scalp Lesions
<ul><li>Throughout skin assessment, need to relate findings to the individual client being assessed  </li></ul><ul><li>In ...
General care of a client with a skin disorder <ul><li>Providing comfort, relief of pruritus </li></ul><ul><li>Topical appl...
General care of older skin <ul><li>Check / monitor skin changes – moles etc </li></ul><ul><li>Use sunscreen </li></ul><ul>...
Skin Changes   – that may occur…. Oedema
Pitting Oedema
Lymphoedema
Skin Changes   Venous Dermatitis
Skin Changes   Maceration
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Skin care

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Skin care

  1. 1. CHCICS301A Skin Assessment & Care
  2. 2. Skin Assessment <ul><li>May be informal or formal </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs on an ongoing basis </li></ul><ul><li>May be overall – giving information about general state of health </li></ul><ul><li>May be specific – in response to a defined problem or change in skin </li></ul>
  3. 3. Skin Assessment <ul><li>Collection of subjective data, via client interview and questioning </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of objective data , mainly via inspection (looking) and palpation (feeling or touching) </li></ul>
  4. 4. What to assess? <ul><li>Skin colour </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Moisture </li></ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Thickness </li></ul><ul><li>Oedema (swelling) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Turgor (elasticity) </li></ul><ul><li>Bruising </li></ul><ul><li>Skin hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of lesions (any exudate?) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Skin Turgor
  7. 7. Other assessment areas <ul><li>Associated with skin assessment is : </li></ul><ul><li>Hair and scalp – assessment of colour, texture, distribution, loss, scalp lesions </li></ul><ul><li>Nails – shape and contour, texture, consistency, colour </li></ul>
  8. 8. Nail Texture / Color
  9. 9. Scalp Lesions
  10. 10. <ul><li>Throughout skin assessment, need to relate findings to the individual client being assessed </li></ul><ul><li>In many situations, findings are different, even if the skin is healthy </li></ul>
  11. 11. General care of a client with a skin disorder <ul><li>Providing comfort, relief of pruritus </li></ul><ul><li>Topical applications – soothing creams, substances to add to bath water, dressings </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of infection </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid and nutritional balance </li></ul><ul><li>Providing psychologic support </li></ul><ul><li>Client education </li></ul>
  12. 12. General care of older skin <ul><li>Check / monitor skin changes – moles etc </li></ul><ul><li>Use sunscreen </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid drying agents </li></ul><ul><li>Eat / drink well </li></ul><ul><li>Provide constant temperature </li></ul>
  13. 13. Skin Changes – that may occur…. Oedema
  14. 14. Pitting Oedema
  15. 15. Lymphoedema
  16. 16. Skin Changes Venous Dermatitis
  17. 17. Skin Changes Maceration

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