Project “European Federation of Mentors for Girls and Young Women” Situation of girls and young women promotion and mentoring in LatviaZonta International District 21 Sweden & Latvia Area Director, Ex-president of International Zonta Jelgava Club Prof. Dr.hab.oec. Baiba Rivza International meeting October 15 -18, 2008, Graz
International Zonta Jelgava Club Zonta International is a worldwide, nonpartisan and nonsectarian service organization of executives in business and the professions working together in advancing the status of women. Nearly 33,000 members belong to more than 1,200 Zonta Clubs in 68 countries and geographic areas. International Zonta Jelgava Club was founded in 1997 with aim to promote the activities of Zonta International in Jelgava city and region.The main tasks of organization are: To improve the legal, political, economic, educational, health, and professional status of women; To work for the advancement of understanding, goodwill, and peace through a world fellowship of executives in business and the professions; To promote justice and universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; To be united internationally to foster high ethical standards, to implement service programs, and to provide mutual support and fellowship for women
Percentage of women in Latvian population Total in the country – 54 % Urban population – 55 % Rural population – 52 %
Situation on girls and young women promotion in Latvia Dominant structure – traditional choice of education and carrier:- Health and social care (85% of all employees)- Service branch (83,3%)- Education (78,4%) Women are less paid, except public administration (average salary of women is only 81,5% of average salary of men) Awareness of gender equality is in scientific community (highest proportion of women scientists in Europe)
Situation on girls and young women promotion in LatviaStill strong role of stereotypes 10 women from 100 are full members of the Latvia Academy of Sciences 18 women from 100 are members of the Parliament 17% of all professors are women 34% of all entrepreneurs are women, worse situation is in rural areas – about 20% from all entrepreneurs
Relative share of women & men in a typical academic career100 90 Women 89 80 Men 80 70 68 60 63 55 50 48 43 45 40 30 25 20 10 11 0 Students PhD Assistant Associate Full prof. graduates prof. prof.
Percentage of total number of women in the fields of studiesTeaching sciences and teacher education 84 Humanities 78 Social sciences 65 Natural sciences and mathematics 36 Engineering and technologies 21 Agriculture 44 Health, health and social care 84 Utilities 56 0 20 40 60 80 100
Women in entrepreneurship 34% of all entrepreneurs in Latvia are women Worse situation is in rural areas – about 20% from all entrepreneursMain reasons: Lack of family support - women as the main responsible for housework and/or children Willingness to avoid risks Problems with social system and child care system “Male club/traditions/stereotypes” especially in technical fields Missing knowledge about accounting Lack of financing Low self-esteem
Support for Latvia women from EU structural fundsThe gender quality aspect as horizontal objective is includedthroughout the Latvia Development Plan 2007 – 2013, primarilywithin the priority “Development of Human Resources andEmployment”, e.g.: Output indicators and baseline data are broken down by gender to monitor gender gaps and to measure progress in gender equality Additional points in the selection criteria will be assigned to those projects which contribute to gender equality Gender balance in Monitoring and Steering Committees will be encouraged
Organizations involved in girls and young women promotion International Zontu Jelgava Club Latvia Rural Women association NGO Līdere NGO Marta NGO Gender equality society NGO Business women society Many NGO and women clubs in Latvia regions
Mentoring programs for rural women in Latvia Mentoring programs for rural women in Latvia supported through INTERREG III B project “FEM: Female Entrepreneurs meetings in the Baltic Sea region” and FIVE-O project “Zonta and Soroptimist International clubs mentoring program for rural women”Main aims of the program were: To help the Mentees to develop their business related goals; To get the entrepreneurs into active women entrepreneurs’ network and to start cooperation with each other; To ensure sustainability of enterprise in starting phase; To provide professional guidance, new knowledge; To exchange experiences, to avoid some mistakes.
Activities Selection of Mentees and Mentors Seminars and meetings for Mentees and Mentors Composing and concluding agreements between Mentees and Mentors Dissemination activities of mentoring program Special training and common coaching and networking events for Mentors and Mentees Questionnaire of 103 exitsing and potential Mentees and 62 existing and potential Mentors all regions of Latvia Development of Mentoring manual Monitoring and evaluation of mentoring cooperation (interviews with Mentees and Mentors)
Mentoring pairs and groups In total 27 mentoring pairs and 3 groups (10 pairs and 2 groups in Zemgale, 7 pairs and 1 group in Vidzeme, and 5 pairs in each Latgale and Kurzeme)
Main results All interviewed mentors and mentees are satisfied and gratify about cooperation. Most of the mentors emphasis win – win principle which means that they are also winners in this situation Almost all pairs and groups meet each other once a week or frequently communicate by phone; But all emphases meaning of face to face meetings Mentees as positive aspect of mentoring mentioned guiding method that allows the mentee come to solution by herself (also sustainability of mentoring results that for example differs from training courses, one day seminars, etc.)
Qualitative results self - esteem and security individual sense satisfactioninformation, 11% 17%new ideas 22% develoment, growth and contacts and experience new 28% cooperation possibilities 22%
Quantitative resultsincreased turnower of 4 enterprisesincreased educational 3 and qualification level business partners 4 submitted and 5 supported projects founded individual 1 enterprise founded LLC 5 received loans 3 Business plans 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
Other results Created data basis of existing and potential women mentors and mentees in rural regions 4 FEM Mentors of the event “Mentor of the Year 2006” received rewards (Nelda Bailīte, Zeltīte Kaviere, Eleonora Maisaka, Vija Ancāne); 2 Mentors of of the event “Mentor of the Year 2007” received awards – Astrīda Vītola – mentor for micro-credit group in Iecava and Inara Vasilevska – pair mentor in Preili (Latgale region); Mentoring is included in the National plan for development of Latvia for the years 2007. – 2013 as one of the priorities in creating new competitive enterprises, creation of unite and efficient support system for business launching (mentor consultations, finance supporting – “first seed grants", net supporting, seed grants, micro credits, investments guarantees, risk capital funding, resource centers etc.). Developed mentoring manual in order to support and give concrete advice to them who plan and are running mentoring projects, especially the co- ordinators and others involved in practical mentoring. 6 scientific articles and 12 presentations in seminars and international conferences in Latvia, Finland, Denmark, Poland, etc.
Our main activities in 2008 Event “Young Women Public Affairs” involve essay competition “Essays of society-active girls” on March, 2008 Theme - young women and girls’ role and problems in the society. The girls described activities which have brought the benefits for their region, main events and understandings from their own experience and also women problems in society and possibilities for carrier development. In final event participated representatives of International Zonta Jelgava club and Rotari club, chairman of Jelgava City council, Jelgava State Secondary school, Spidola Secondary School and others.
Our main activities in 2008 Visit in the Parliament of Republic of Latvia on 11th April, 2008 for winners of Irina Maksimova, Liene Bergmane and Anna Katlaga and their English teacher Skaidrīte Bukbārde. Premises of the Parliament were observed and information about its operation and history were found out. Also, in this visit, future plans of the girls were discussed regarding their carrier choice, their achievements and possible cooperation in different projects. Winners of essay competition Irina Maksimova, Liene Bergmane and Anna Katlaga, March, 2008
Our main activities in 2008 Meeting of Zonta International District 21 Sweden & Latvia Area on April 12, 2008 (Presentation of FIVE-O project Zonta and Soroptimist International clubs mentoring program for rural women”) Meeting in the Latvian Parliament on May 19, 2008 – Challenges of women NGO’s in implementing Latvian National Development plan 2007- 2013 (prof. B.Rivža) Latvian Zontians scholarship for talented and hard working Latvian girls who do not have the chances to continue their higher education due to the poor family economy. On the 15th February 2008 Latvian Zontians meeting it was decided that the Latvian Zonta Clubs’ annual scholarship will be granted in the amount of 1000 lats (100 lats a month from September to June) to Madara Mežviete from Kalnciema Secondary School. The scholarship will be administrated through the Vītols Foundation (Vītolu fonds), a non-profit organization founded in 2002. Experts meeting for mentoring of young women and girls – existing situation and future development on July 9, 2008 in Skaistkalne (about 20 participants; presentation of project “European Federation of Mentors for
Our main activities in 2008Experts meeting on July 9, 2008 in Skaistkalne
Our main activities in 2008 Rural women summer schools in 2008- On July 22-23 in Vidzeme, Valka (about 30 participants)- On July 23-24 in Latgale, Ludza (about 80 participants)- On August 5-6 in Vidzeme, Cēsis (about 100 participants)- On August 15-16 in Kurzeme, Īvande (about 30 participants)- On August 15-16 in Vidzeme, Alūksne (about 50 participants)- On August 20 in Vidzeme, Valmiera (about 100 participants)- On August 22-23 in Latgale, Jēkabpils (about 30 participants)Presentations on girls and young women in sociaty, mentoringprograms and project “European Federation of Mentors for GirlsAnd Young Women” (lectors prof. B.Rivža, as.prof. M.Krūzmētra,E.Konstantinova)
Rural women summer school in Vidzeme, Valmiera on August 20, 2008
Rural women summer school in Latgale, Jēkabpils on August 22, 2008
National wokshop on September 4-5, Jelgava 23 participants Presentations of the representatives of project lead partner - Project Office for Innovative Social Policy Gerlinde Hacker and Doris Hasenschwandtner Presentation of International Zonta Club Jelgava - the overall situation of girls and young women mentoring in Latvia. Presentations of two young girls – Irina Maksimova and Madara Mežviete - their experience within activities organized by International Zonta Jelgava Club.Five presentations blocks, where women mentors and mentees shared theirexperience and also show some practical examples of their work : Mentoring for girls and young women in self and career development; Mentoring for girls and young women in handicraft; Mentoring for girls and young women in housekeeping, catering and child care; Mentoring for girls and young women in tourism; Mentoring for girls and young women in wellness and beauty care –. The workshop has roused interest also for local mass media – regional TV and radio.