NIGERIA AT 52 OF POST-COLONIALISM: VALUING THE COST OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION, FLOOD AND BAD GOVERNANCE Dr. (Mrs) Rose N. Nwankwo1,Udochukwu A.O Ogbaji2 and Cosmas M.Uchime3 1 Department of Public Administration, Federal Polytechnic, Oko. Anambra State. Nigeria. Email: email@example.com. Phone: +2348033352793 2 Federal Polytechnic, Oko. Anambra State. Nigeria. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: +2348033486531 3 Diamond Bank PLC. Nnewi Branch, Anambra State. NigeriaAbstractIt would be recalled that Lagdo Dam in northern Cameroon released water on Saturday, 26th ofAugust 2012 which led to flooding that submerged several settlements in Northern, Eastern andSouthern Nigeria. Nothing can better describe the condition of Anambra and Delta riverinecommunities than anguish, pain and poverty. These resulted from flooding when the River Nigeroverflowed its banks. Many communities in some local government areas of these states havebeen at the mercy of flooding and erosion and other ecological disasters since the beginning ofthe rainy season. Regardless of the fact that the rains may have subsided, no fewer than 25million Nigerians living along coastal communities of Rivers, Niger, Benue, Sokoto, KatsinaLagos, Ondo, Delta, Rivers, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa and Cross River states in Nigeria may bethreatened by displacement and devastation before the end of the year. There are numerousenvironmental problems that plague different parts of the world in the face of climate change.These range from pollution, earthquake, landslide, tsunami, hailstorm, heat wave, deforestation,indiscriminate bush burning, natural wildfire, desertification, climate change, rain andwindstorms, flood, volcanicity, drought and erosion among others. These natural disasters arecaused by nature and despite man’s technological advancement and prodigious efforts to put astop to them, they still ravage his habitants killing him and destroying his property. It is on thisbasis that this paper investigates the recent (flood) natural disaster in Nigeria and itsimplications on the people of Nigeria. Through empirical findings, we measure the extent towhich the Federal and State governments’ interfered in making sure that the flood disaster doesnot destroy lives and properties of Nigerians. We found that our government is not responsive tothe welfare of the people. We recommend, among others that for sustainable development,
disaster prevention and risk management, environmental monitoring, early warning andpreparedness are key factors never to be ignored by the Nigerian government in particular andglobal environmental management agencies in general. Good and practicable environmentpolicies should also be formulated by our policy makers.Keywords: Flood, Natural disaster, property, risk management, environmental policy.