Biometrics In the Toronto Region, 2009


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The Toronto Region is a leader in behavioural and physiological biometrics, an off-shoot of the region's strong cluster in IT Security and Cryptography.

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Biometrics In the Toronto Region, 2009

  1. 1. Biometrics in the Toronto Region November 25, 2009 TORONTO REGION RESEARCH ALLIANCE
  2. 2. Outline Definition – what is biometrics? Global trends Global Status in Publications and Patents Overview of regional assets Research institutes and scientific expertise State of the industry Companies and labour force Opportunities in Ontario and Canada
  3. 3. What is Biometrics? As a characteristic: A measurable biological and behavioural characteristic Unique and therefore can be used for identification As a process: Automated methods of recognizing an individual based on measurable biological and behavioural characteristics First known example of biometrics dates back to the 14th century in China Sources: National Science and Technology Council’s  Subcommittee on Biometrics and Identity Management; The National Center  for State Courts
  4. 4. Biometrics can be divided into Physiological Behavioural such as includes fingerprint DNA gait voice face palm print iris Source: Brenda McPhail
  5. 5. Source: International Biometric Group, October 2008
  6. 6. Global Trends Increasing security concerns and decreasing costs driving the biometrics market US-VISIT Program – collection of biometrics data from international travelers at U.S. visa-issuing posts and ports of entry Similar biometric identification programs in other countries used to improve border security, including the UK, Australia, Japan, Canada, and the European Union Chinese biometrics market growing at a rate of 50% annually and could reach a market volume of over RMB 3 billion by 2010 “Biometrics is quite rightly viewed to be at the cutting edge of security technology” John Davies, Managing Director of DSi, one of the UK's leading access control technology companies
  7. 7. Global Trends Sources: U.S. Department of Homeland Security; Infosecurity magazine, October 22, 2009; International Biometric Group, October 2008;  PRWeb,, 2007;
  8. 8. Global Status in Research and Patents
  9. 9. Canada as a Global Leader in Physiological Biometrics Research Top 10 Countries for Physiological Biometrics Related Publications (1999 - 2009) Total Global Publications: 1584 25 Citations/Publication 20 15 10 5 0 A E A D N IN AN DA SA N Y R E N AI AL PA O H R LA U A IW SP KO C AP IT JA AN G TA R G EN TH C S N LE SI U SO P O PE Source: ISI Publications, November 2009
  10. 10. Toronto Region’s High Impact in Physiological Biometrics Toronto Region vs. International Competitive Cities for Physiological Biometrics Related Publications (1999 - 2009) Total Global Publications: 1584 Citations/Publication 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 ly in n rea a IL pan ore n and gio , Ita in wa Spa ie, Ko Ch gap a gl Re T ai ir gna i, J En Pra na, uth ng, Si n nt o nda , ung lo e, elo So Ko con Bo o ridg Se Tor rc i , ohs ng oul Sili Ba mb Ho Se Ka Ca Source: ISI Publications, November 2009
  11. 11. Canada’s Leader in Physiological Biometrics Canadian Physiological Biometrics Related Publications by Province (1999 - 2009) Total Publications in Canada: 57 35 30 30 25 20 16 15 9 10 5 3 3 1 1 0 ON QC AB BC NS SK NB Distribution of Physiological Biometrics Related Publications in Canada by Region (1999 - 2009) Total Publications in Canada: 57 Toronto Region 35% Rest of Canada 47% Rest of Ontario Source: ISI Publications, November 2009 18%
  12. 12. Physiological Biometrics Patents Top 10 Inventor Countries for Physiological Biometrics Related Patents (1999 - 2009) Total Global Patents: 1708 4.5 Patents per capita 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 an a n a y ce s a m in pa an d a nd re do iw an na ic Ch Ja m Ko rla er Ta ng Fr Ca er Am e of Ki G th ic Ne d of bl ite es pu Un at Re St d te i Un Source: Delphion, November 2009
  13. 13. Physiological Biometrics Patents continued Canadian Physiological Biometrics Related Patents by Province (1999 - 2009) Total Canadian Patents: 39 35 31 30 25 20 15 10 4 4 5 0 ON BC QC Source: Delphion, November 2009
  14. 14. Behavioural Biometrics Research Top 10 Countries for Behavioural Biometrics Related Publications (1999 - 2009) Total Global Publications: 2028 12 10 Citations/Publication 8 6 4 2 0 A A D Y E IN N AN DA SA N E AN N C AI PA H R LA AN U A IW SP C KO M JA AN G FR R TA ER EN TH C S G LE U SO P O PE Source: ISI Publications, November 2009
  15. 15. Behavioural Biometrics in the Toronto Region The TR’s impact is comparable to leading international regions. Toronto Region vs. International Competititve Cities for Behavioural Biometrics Related Publications (1999 - 2009) Total Global Publications: 2028 18 16 Citations/Publication 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 nd na n S a an in n e y io re U pa nc an la pa hi w eg Ko h, ra ng Ja m ,C ai ,S R rg ,F er ,T ,E th ng a, da bu o ,G ou ri s ity nt ge oy i ji na tts ro C en Be Pa S ag id ra Pi To an l, br ch N ou G am in Aa Se Ta C Source: ISI Publications, November 2009
  16. 16. Canada’s Leader in Behavioural Biometrics Canadian Behavioural Biom etrics Related Publications by Province (1999 - 2009) Total Publications in Canada: 81 60 49 50 40 30 20 20 7 7 5 10 1 0 ON QC AB NB BC NS Distribution of Behavioural Biometrics Related Publications in Canada by Region (1999 - 2009) Total Publications in Canada: 81 TR Rest of Canada 39% 40% Rest of Ontario 21% Source: ISI Publications, November 2009
  17. 17. Behavioural Biometrics Patents Top 10 Inventor Countries for Behavioural Biometrics Related Patents (1999 - 2009) Total Global Patents: 8788 18 16 14 Patents per capita 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 m a a na el n y s a ce ic an re nd pa do ad ra hi an er Ko rl a Ja ng an m Is C m Fr er C he Ki of A G of et d ic te N l es ub ni ep at U St R d te ni U Source: Delphion, November 2009
  18. 18. Behavioural Biometrics Patents continued Behavioural Biometrics Related Patents in Canada by Province (1999 - 2009) Total Patents in Canada: 157 90 79 80 70 60 50 46 40 30 18 20 11 10 3 0 ON QC BC Unknow n AB Source: Delphion, November 2009
  19. 19. Research Institutes and Scientific Expertise
  20. 20. Centre of Advanced R&D: 22 Related Research Institutes and Groups Selected research groups and institutes Culture, Communication and Information Technology Emerging Communication Technology Institute Institute for University of Toronto Optical Sciences The Communications Group Centre for Applied Cryptographic Research (CACR) Institute for Computer Research (ICR) University of Waterloo Nortel Networks Institute for Advanced Information Technology (NNI) Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence Group Privacy and Cyber Crime Institute (PCCI) Ryerson University Ryerson University Multimedia Research Laboratory Centre for Electrophotonic Materials & Devices McMaster University Communications Research Laboratory Centre for Emerging Device Technology
  21. 21. NSERC and CFI Funding (1999 – 2009) Distribution of NSERC Funding for Biometrics Related Projects in Canada by Province (1999 - 2009) Total NSERC Funding: $6,404,504 New Brunswick Alberta Other British 0.9% 1.7% 1.3% Columbia Nova Scotia 6.0% 0.5% Québec Rest of Ontario 47.8% 18.5% Toronto Region Distribution of CFI Funding for Biometrics Related Projects in 23.4% Canada by Province (1999 - 2009) Total CFI Funding: $3,888,337 British Columbia Saskatchewan Toronto Region Nova Scotia 3% 2% 18% 3% Quebec 15% Rest of Ontario 26% Alberta 33% Sources:  NSERC, October 2009; CFI, October 2009
  22. 22. Increase in Public Funding for Biometrics Number of NSERCby Fiscal Projects Top Recipientsfor Top NSERC Funding Funded Year for by Fiscal Year Recipients $2,500,000 60 Canada Total Canada Total $2,000,000 50 40 $1,500,000 30 Ontario Ontario $1,000,000 Quebec 20 Quebec $500,000 10 0 $0 1999-1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 2008- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 2008- 2000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2001 2002 2003 2004 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Source:  NSERC, October 2009
  23. 23. Funding in the Toronto Region Combined NSERC and CFI Funding for Biometrics Related Projects in the Toronto Region by Institution (1999 - 2009) Total Funding in TR: $2,211,492 $1,400,000 $1,200,000 $1,000,000 $800,000 $600,000 $400,000 $200,000 $0 University University Wilfrid McMaster University York University of Toronto of Waterloo Laurier University of Ontario University of Guelph University Institute of Technology Sources:  NSERC, October 2009; CFI, October 2009
  24. 24. Innovative Research in the Toronto Region 16 biometrics experts* in Canada, 9 of which are located in the Toronto Region Academic projects with potential for commercialization: Project University of Industrial Goal Name PIs Partners BUSNET University of DRDC Integrated security architecture for the protection Toronto Toronto, Bell and storage of sensitive data within the domain of a Canada care enterprise (e.g. wireless healthcare) MUSES_ University of IBM Canada, New multimodal (video and infrared, voice and SECRET Ottawa, University Visual Cortek sound, RFID and perimeter intrusion) intelligent of Waterloo, Inc., IMS Inc., sensor technologies for human-crowd surveillance University of Vestec Inc. applications in environments such as school Toronto, Ryerson campuses, hospitals, shopping centers, subways, University airports, etc *Note: Experts identified based on position as Canada Research Chairs, NSERC Industrial Research Chairs, or participation in major  biometrics projects Sources:  Brenda McPhail;;
  25. 25. Industry Status
  26. 26. Highly-Educated and Highly-Skilled Workforce The Toronto Region has: Over 5000 college and university graduates (all levels) in biometrics related programs in 2007 89 undergraduate and 25 graduate related programs of study offered by 8 universities in 2008, which is more than 50% of all related programs of study in Ontario Over 30% of the potential biometrics labour force in Canada Sources: CUDO 2008; eInfo 2008; OSAP KPI 2009 (for various colleges); Statistics Canada 2006 Census Labour Force
  27. 27. Biometrics-related Companies in the Toronto Region 17 companies in the Toronto Region 10 9 9 8 7 6 5 5 4 3 2 2 1 1 0 Consultants Developers and Other Distributors Manufacturers Source:  Industry Canada, October 2009; Brenda McPhail
  28. 28. Home to Key Players in the World Biometrics Market L-1 Identity Solutions Enterprise Access Division (Markham, ON) Solutions used across 25+ countries and targeted towards specific markets VeriSoft software application for fingerprint authentication now included on more than 20 million HP computers Its 3D facial recognition used by the largest casino in the world to provide access control for 12,000+ employees AcSys Biometrics (Burlington, ON) Leading-edge provider of facial biometrics technology Offers custom biometric solutions for government agencies and a variety of sectors Note: Key players identified using RNCOS’ report “Global Biometric Market – New Opportunities (2007 – 2010)” Sources:;; Business Wire, January 2008
  29. 29. Capitalizing on Innovation Two spin-off companies from innovative research at TR universities with potential applications in biometrics • spin-off from research at the University of Toronto • expertise in photonic colour technologies • potential application in low-power biometrics-based security devices • spin-off from research at the University of Waterloo • expertise in speech recognition and advanced AI technologies • potential application in voice recognition biometrics Sources:  Brenda McPhail;;
  30. 30. Opportunities in Ontario and Canada
  31. 31. Growing Government Interest Interest of government agencies to drive growth of the biometrics market What They Are Doing Citizenship and Now leading a $26 million Temporary Resident Biometrics Project Immigration 15% of temporary residents by late 2011, 50% in 2012, and 100% in 2013 Canada (CIC) Passport Currently implementing the ePassport program, utilizing facial recognition technology Canada Pilot project began 2009, full national implementation for 2011 Ontario Lottery Planning to use facial recognition technology to help keep gambling addicts out of casinos and Gaming Other government agencies currently involved in projects/programs using biometrics include: DRDC, Ontario Ministry of Transportation, RCMP, Correctional Services Canada Sources:  Toronto Sun; Citizenship and Immigration Canada; Passport Canada; Department of National Defence; Canadian IDentity Forum;; Government of Canada, 2008
  32. 32. Summary Global leader in our physiological biometrics research Toronto Region is number 2 when compared to other international competitive cities, in terms of impact Appropriately trained labour force for budding industry Over 5000 graduates in biometrics-related engineering, math, and science programs Increasing global and government interest propelling industry growth and R&D NSERC funding in Ontario for biometrics related projects has increased nine-fold since 1999
  33. 33. For more information, contact us: Toronto Region Research Alliance MaRS Centre, Heritage Building 101 College Street, Suite HL30 Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7 Email: Tel: 1 416 673 6674 Fax: 1 416 673 6671