Question 1.“And how will they proceed? Will each bring the resultof his labors into a common stock?— the individualhusbandman, for example, producing for four, andlaboring four times as long and as much as he need inthe provision of food with which he supplies others aswell as himself; or will he have nothing to do with othersand not be at the trouble of producing for them, butprovide for himself alone a fourth of the food in a fourthof the time, and in the remaining three-fourths of histime be employed in making a house or a coat or a pairof shoes, having no partnership with others, butsupplying himself all his own wants?”In your own words, describe the dilemma or choice thatis being put here.
Question 1.“The choice that is being put forward is thatof should a person do one thing well and sellit to get what they need from other people orshould they do everything for themself at apoorer quality. It is asking if it is better to tryand do everything for yourself rather thandoing what you are good at and relying onothers to do the rest for you.” Zeb
Question 2.It is agreed in the dialogue that a worker willbe more efficient when he only has oneoccupation. What reasons are given for this?
Question 2“A worker would be more efficient if theyhad only one occupation, because theywould learn that one skill and become betterat it and faster at it over time. They wouldproduce quality things at a fast rate, makingthings more efficient than if people focusedon many occupations at the same time.” Anna
Question 2“The main reason given to support the statement isthat a worker will be more efficient working in onlyone occupation, and specialising in certain skillswill allow the task to be completed to a higherstandard. A large factor regarded in onespecialising skill is their natural ability of this skilland if there is any natural talent. ‘There arediversities of natures among us which are adaptedto different occupations.’ (Excerpt A)” Kathy & Rosie
Question 3.In this excerpt, Plato is making theargument that the city should be ruled byspecialised philosopher-kings. Explain thisargument.
Question 3. “As explained in excerpt A, specialisation isrequired for a task to be done to its fullpotential, and in excerpt B Plato explainsthat the same principle must be applied topolitics, with a specialist ruler required for acity to operate to its full potential.” Aidan
Question 4.What does the allegory of the cave have todo with Plato’s belief that the city should beruled by the philosophers?
Question 4.“Plato believes that the philosophers are likeprisoners who have escaped from looking atthe wall. They perceive things in a new lightand the “true reality”. The Prisoners who arelooking the shadows can be compared to thelabourers who only specialize in one area ofwork.” Nic
Question 5.• “Which of the two classes should be the rulers of our State?” Who are the two classes? Which class does Plato think should rule the state? Why?
Question 5.• “Plato believes that the ruler of the State should be “Whichever of the two are best able to guard the laws and institutions of our State — let them be our guardians [rulers].” (Excerpt D.)The two classes are the wise and educated and the uneducated. Plato personally believes that the philosophers should be the rulers of the State as they have a deeper understanding of life and are better equipped.” Kate