the effect of vegetation and water element; Case Study : Royal Selangor Club, KL, Malaysia

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Analysis of vegetation and water elements on a building is very important to avoid serious damage in buildings. Therefore this paper will discuss about the types and effects of vegetation and the water elements might cause on the building. The Royal Selangor Club of Kuala Lumpur has been chosen as our case study. From the site observation, a lot of defects related to the vegetations and water elements occurred on the building. It reflects the level of maintenance or awareness of the owner towards the buildings. Effects of vegetation and water elements on the building have been recognized and several methods to rectify the problems have been suggested .

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the effect of vegetation and water element; Case Study : Royal Selangor Club, KL, Malaysia

  1. 1. TAN SU HUAT 157569 YUTIENGWEI 155498 NORAINI BINTI JONED@HASSAN 158909 NUR’AINI ADIBAH BT BAHARUM 154214 MUHD HAFIZ BIN MOHD HAPAS 154507
  2. 2.  Royal Selangor Club was established on 1884 which originated was wooden building with attach of attap and was upgraded into 2- storey building that was designed by AC Norman.  It was rebuild back again in 1980 by local architect Fong LingYong, preserving Mock- Tudor architecture.
  3. 3.  It was located in middle of Kuala Lumpur which located in Dataran Merdeka.  Climate of Kuala Lumpur isTropical climate which is hot and humid along the year  The maximum of temperature in Kuala Lumpur is 35o C while the minimum temperature is about 25o C
  4. 4. We are here
  5. 5. YES!!! THERE IS A PROBLEM! • LESSVEGETATION AND PLANTS -Not enough vegetation to shade the building -Get too hot during day time. • CLIMATIC IMPLICATIONS -The role of vegetation, water bodies, radiative heat gain and air movement have been seen at the overall site level. - thus, plant elements can help in heating, cooling and even ventilation
  6. 6. Vegetation problem -Plant grow in the between the cracks and small gaps of the wall.
  7. 7. CRACKS ON CONCRETE - The cracks happen when the concrete couldn’t stand anymore on the soil weight and growing of the root of the plant , so cracks was created.
  8. 8. Vegetation problem on the timber - Happen when the presence of water and the enough of nutrients , enable plants grew by itself.
  9. 9. Condensation of water -Stagnant water forming corrosive moisture to concrete
  10. 10. Condensation of water -When the water from the rain could not channel to downstairs which creates stagnant and when it couldn’t fully dried it damped and creates mouldy effect.
  11. 11. STAINING -Water from the air- conditioner created the effect of staining to the wall and the wall becomes moldy look
  12. 12. WOOD ROT - The water affect the wood, it creates too much moisture. So the root structure became weak and rot through the time STAINING - Water from the rain not dried well, and the building are keep exposing to rainfall and sun so create a stain
  13. 13. MOLD DEVELOPMENT •Water vapour condenses on the surface allowing mold to grow. •Furthermore, it causes dampness on the inner side of the building. •This will encourage more unwanted plants to grow. • The dampness will cause decay or ‘wet rot’ to the concrete structure
  14. 14. TERMITE ATTACKS -When high moisture in a roof, it attract the termites and other pest attack the root.
  15. 15. • there is no specific preventive solution can be applied on this problem because it happened by the natural surrounding and the climate itself •Somehow precaution can be taken by : -Selection of the tiles and material such as paint, coating material, type of wood, -A maintain care by the takers to avoid the growth of the plants/fungi.
  16. 16. -A drainage should be maintained monthly so that the building would not having excessive moisture and stagnant water. -the staining problem can be resolved by careful sealing the ends of conduit in the crawl space by using urethane foam which prevent the air from entering the conduits and create moist situation -Put the water system at the lower level in foundation so that it can increase the drainage and sump

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