My Three Favorite TODs Lessons for Connecticut Norman W. Garrick University of Connecticut
TODs in Connecticut Past and Present <ul><li>In 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 70 % of Connecticut lived in the green areas...
http://harryallen.info/?cat=48&paged=2
Vehicle Miles Traveled Ref for Vehicle Data ---- http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/facts/2007_fcvt_fotw474.html...
Vehicle Miles Traveled Ref for Vehicle Data ---- http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/facts/2007_fcvt_fotw474.html...
Driving to Exhaustion <ul><li>1946 </li></ul><ul><li>The average American drove  6  miles every day </li></ul><ul><li>2004...
Cities will be part of the country;  I shall live 30 miles from my office in one direction, under a pine tree;  my secreta...
 
 
 
 
 
 
Norman W. Garrick Kingston, Jamaica
Storrs, CT
Portmore, Jamaica
 
Atlanta, GA
Hartford 1930s
Hartford 1960s
 
 
Era of Transportation Choices? The Automobile Era
TALK about making an entrance. Intent on arriving at a recent gala in style, Topaz Page-Green swooshed onto the scene on h...
Urdorf, Switzerland
 
Zurich Airport Zurich Urdorf
 
 
 
 
 
Dupont Circle, Washington, DC
 
 
Davis, California
Davis, California
 
 
 
 
What Do These Places Have in Common? <ul><li>Population in Transit Area </li></ul><ul><li>(500 acres surrounding station) ...
What Do These Places Have in Common? <ul><li>Mixed Residential and Job Center </li></ul><ul><li>(500 acres surrounding sta...
What Do These Places Have in Common? <ul><li>Transportation Options </li></ul><ul><li>(500 acres surrounding station) </li...
The Three TODs  Provide the Option of Living Without a Car
The Three TODs  Are Built At Human Scale
Living Without a Car in Connecticut Is It Possible? <ul><li>New Haven </li></ul><ul><li>0.24 cars/person </li></ul><ul><li...
TODs in Connecticut How are They Doing? <ul><li>Dupont Circle </li></ul><ul><li>31 % Public Transportation </li></ul><ul><...
Zoning Reform
Parking Reform
Street Widening Reform
High Speed Rail  Good for Connecticut?
 
 
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My Three Favorite Transit Oriented Developments

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Norman Garrick discuss three great transit oriented development in Zurich Switzerland, Davis California, and Dupont Circle Washington DC

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My Three Favorite Transit Oriented Developments

  1. 1. My Three Favorite TODs Lessons for Connecticut Norman W. Garrick University of Connecticut
  2. 2. TODs in Connecticut Past and Present <ul><li>In 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 70 % of Connecticut lived in the green areas </li></ul><ul><li>By 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Only 50 % of Connecticut lived in these same areas </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, in 1950 most of Connecticut’s population lived in what we now call TOD </li></ul><ul><li>The bad news: these areas are mostly no longer TODs </li></ul><ul><li>The good news: they can again become TODs </li></ul>
  3. 3. http://harryallen.info/?cat=48&paged=2
  4. 4. Vehicle Miles Traveled Ref for Vehicle Data ---- http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/facts/2007_fcvt_fotw474.html Ref for VMT ---- http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics/2007/vmt421.cfm 1908 The Model T 1930s The Depression 1940-45 World War II 1956 Highway Bill 1973 First Oil Crisis 1979 Second Oil Crisis 2004 - ??? 1949 Housing Act
  5. 5. Vehicle Miles Traveled Ref for Vehicle Data ---- http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/facts/2007_fcvt_fotw474.html Ref for VMT ---- http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics/2007/vmt421.cfm
  6. 6. Driving to Exhaustion <ul><li>1946 </li></ul><ul><li>The average American drove 6 miles every day </li></ul><ul><li>2004 </li></ul><ul><li>The average American drove 30 miles per day </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cities will be part of the country; I shall live 30 miles from my office in one direction, under a pine tree; my secretary will live 30 miles away from it too, in the other direction, under another pine tree. We shall both have our own car. We shall use up tires, wear out road surfaces and gears, consume oil and gasoline. All of which will necessitate a great deal of work … enough for all. - Le Corbusier, 1935
  8. 14. Norman W. Garrick Kingston, Jamaica
  9. 15. Storrs, CT
  10. 16. Portmore, Jamaica
  11. 18. Atlanta, GA
  12. 19. Hartford 1930s
  13. 20. Hartford 1960s
  14. 23. Era of Transportation Choices? The Automobile Era
  15. 24. TALK about making an entrance. Intent on arriving at a recent gala in style, Topaz Page-Green swooshed onto the scene on her trusty vintage roadster. She wore, of all things, a scarlet dress with a slinky 1920s feel. “It was to the ankles,” she recalled. “I had to hoist it up.” Fashion & Style By RUTH LA FERLA Published: September 29, 2010
  16. 25. Urdorf, Switzerland
  17. 27. Zurich Airport Zurich Urdorf
  18. 33. Dupont Circle, Washington, DC
  19. 36. Davis, California
  20. 37. Davis, California
  21. 42. What Do These Places Have in Common? <ul><li>Population in Transit Area </li></ul><ul><li>(500 acres surrounding station) </li></ul><ul><li>Urdorf </li></ul><ul><li>7,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Dupont Circle </li></ul><ul><li>18,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Davis </li></ul><ul><li>3,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Density Varies Widely </li></ul><ul><li>Davis has about the same density as Milford </li></ul><ul><li>Dupont Circle has twice the residential density of Stamford </li></ul>
  22. 43. What Do These Places Have in Common? <ul><li>Mixed Residential and Job Center </li></ul><ul><li>(500 acres surrounding station) </li></ul><ul><li>Urdorf </li></ul><ul><li>7,000 residents </li></ul><ul><li>100s of Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Dupont Circle </li></ul><ul><li>18,000 residents </li></ul><ul><li>83,000 Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Davis </li></ul><ul><li>3,000 </li></ul><ul><li>3,600 Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Davis has about 50% more jobs than Milford </li></ul><ul><li>Dupont Circle has 5 times more jobs than Stamford, 11 times more than Bridgeport </li></ul>
  23. 44. What Do These Places Have in Common? <ul><li>Transportation Options </li></ul><ul><li>(500 acres surrounding station) </li></ul><ul><li>Urdorf </li></ul><ul><li>28 % Public Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>22 % Walk and Bike </li></ul><ul><li>45 % Car </li></ul><ul><li>Dupont Circle </li></ul><ul><li>31 % Public Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>40 % Walk and Bike </li></ul><ul><li>23 % Car </li></ul><ul><li>Davis </li></ul><ul><li>4 % Public Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>40 % Walk and Bike </li></ul><ul><li>51 % Car </li></ul>
  24. 45. The Three TODs Provide the Option of Living Without a Car
  25. 46. The Three TODs Are Built At Human Scale
  26. 47. Living Without a Car in Connecticut Is It Possible? <ul><li>New Haven </li></ul><ul><li>0.24 cars/person </li></ul><ul><li>Stamford </li></ul><ul><li>0.25 cars/person </li></ul><ul><li>South Norwalk </li></ul><ul><li>0.41 cars/person </li></ul><ul><li>Bridgeport </li></ul><ul><li>0.59 cars/person </li></ul><ul><li>Greenwich </li></ul><ul><li>0.62 cars/person </li></ul>
  27. 48. TODs in Connecticut How are They Doing? <ul><li>Dupont Circle </li></ul><ul><li>31 % Public Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>40 % Walk and Bike </li></ul><ul><li>23 % Car </li></ul><ul><li>18,000 </li></ul><ul><li>83,000 </li></ul><ul><li>New Haven </li></ul><ul><li>18% Public Transit </li></ul><ul><li>23% Walk and Biking </li></ul><ul><li>57% Car </li></ul><ul><li>4,900 Residents </li></ul><ul><li>19,000 Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Stamford </li></ul><ul><li>17% Public Transit </li></ul><ul><li>13% Walk and Biking </li></ul><ul><li>68% Car </li></ul><ul><li>9,000 Residents </li></ul><ul><li>15,000 Jobs </li></ul>
  28. 49. Zoning Reform
  29. 50. Parking Reform
  30. 51. Street Widening Reform
  31. 52. High Speed Rail Good for Connecticut?

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