Concept 1 : Stereotyping
A general belief about a group of people. Differs from prejudice in that it
can have positive or negative connotations. Runs the risk of becoming
prejudicial and leading to discrimination.
In the video, Johnnie was seen stereotyping when he judged the 2 groups
of people based on what he saw without proper information.
Concept 2 : Bystander Effect
The bystander effect, or bystander apathy, is a social psychological
phenomenon that refers to cases in which individuals do not offer any
means of help to a victim when other people are present. The probability
of help is inversely related to the number of bystanders.
In the video, Drake’s group did not help Johnnie when he had
stomachache as they assumed somebody else would take the initiative to
assist Johnnie and later left him alone.
Concept 3 : Egoistic Models of Helping
Egoism encourages helping because of a concern about the costs to one’s
self if help is not provided. Egoism seeks to reduce personal distress.
Egoism highlights the potential rewards for helping others. In other
words, a selfish help.
In the video, Syakira was seen helping Johnnie when he was unwell. But
she was doing it only for the sake to get closer to him so he would join
her group and help her achieve a good grade.
Concept 4 : Indirect Verbal Aggression
The aggression is not clearly derived from aggressor towards the victim,
which the victim is unclear about it and was done verbally. For example,
spreading rumors, gossiping and etc.
In the video, Drake’s group were gossiping about how Syakira was being
rude and unethical for taking Johnnie into her group only to help her
achieve her targets.
Concept 5 : Counterfactual Thinking
Imagining different outcomes for an event that has already occurred. Is
usually associated with bad or negative events. Can be used to improve
or worsen your mood.
In the video, Drake’s group realized that Syakira and Johnnie both got A
and they did not. To improve their own mood, they stated that if Johnnie
were to join them, he would be farting all the time and not doing work.
In the video, a total 5 of Social Psychology concepts are incorporated.
2. Bystander Effect.
3. Egoistic Models of Helping.
4. Indirect Verbal Aggression.
5. Counterfactual Thinking (Downward Counterfactual).