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Relative income poverty: Family charactersitics

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For a person to be in relative income poverty it means they are living in a household where the total household income from all sources is less than 60 per cent of the average UK household income (as given by the median).

Published in: Data & Analytics
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Relative income poverty: Family charactersitics

  1. 1. Relative income poverty Family characteristics
  2. 2. Lone parent households were the family type most likely to be in relative income poverty • 46 per cent of people in lone parent households and 31 per cent of people in single female households with no children lived in relative income poverty after housing costs in the period 2014-15 to 2016-17 (an average over three financial years). • In comparison, 15 per cent of people living in couple households without children were in relative income poverty.
  3. 3. Percentage of people in each family type in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), 2014-15 to 2016- 17 15 18 19 22 24 30 31 46 0 10 20 30 40 50 Couple without children Single male pensioner Pensioner couple Couple with children Single female pensioner Single male - no children Single female - no children Lone parent Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP
  4. 4. • In the past, most people living in relative income poverty were living in households with children. • However, the pattern is now less clear with a similar proportion of those living in relative income poverty living in households with children and without children. Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP The people in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), by family type, 2014-15 to 2016-17 19% 47% 34% Pensioner Families Families with Children Families without Children Note Families here include single people What type of families live in poverty?
  5. 5. Almost half of all children living in lone parent families were living in relative income poverty • 47 per cent of children who lived in lone parent families lived in relative income poverty in the latest period, 2014-15 to 2016-17. This figure has not changed from the last period ending 2015-16 after steadily increasing since 2010-11 to 2012-13. • Overall, children in couple households were half as likely to be in relative income poverty as those in lone parent households, this seemed to be wholly driven by work status. That is, the risk of relative income poverty for children in workless couple households was very similar to those in workless lone parent households, at around two thirds*. *Although the most recent figure is suppressed due to a small sample size, this is the trend seen in previous years.
  6. 6. Children that lived in households where the youngest child was aged 0 to 4 accounted for just under half of all children that were in relative income poverty 80,000; 44% 50,000; 28% 40,000; 22% 10,000; 6% Age 0-4 Age 5-10 Age 11-15 Age 16-19 Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP The children in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), by age of youngest child in household, 2013-14 to 2016-17
  7. 7. In recent years the difference in likelihood of being in relative income poverty between larger and smaller families has reduced substantially • In the most recent period (2014-15 to 2016-17), the likelihood of being in relative income poverty was similar for those children who lived in a household with one, two and three children living in them. • However, in previous time periods children in larger families (three or more) were more likely to be in relative income poverty and the gap between these figures used to be much larger. • In the period 2011-12 to 2013-14, 48 per cent of children from households with three or more children were living in relative income poverty compared with 28 and 22 per cent of children living in relative income poverty from households with one or two children respectively.
  8. 8. Percentage of children in each family size in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), three-financial-year averages 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2007 to 2010 2008 to 2011 2009 to 2012 2010 to 2013 2011 to 2014 2012 to 2015 2013 to 2016 2014 to 2017 One child Two children Three or more children Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP

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