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Relative income poverty: Housing tenure, economic status and type of employment

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For a person to be in relative income poverty it means they are living in a household where the total household income from all sources is less than 60 per cent of the average UK household income (as given by the median).

Published in: Data & Analytics
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Relative income poverty: Housing tenure, economic status and type of employment

  1. 1. Relative income poverty Housing tenure, economic status and type of employment
  2. 2. Housing tenure
  3. 3. People in social rented housing were more likely to be in relative income poverty (after housing costs) • 48 per cent of those living in social rented housing in Wales were in relative income poverty between 2014-15 and 2016-17 (an average over three financial years), after their housing costs such as mortgage interest payments/rent and water rates were paid. • This means they were living in a household where the total household income was less than 60 per cent of the average UK household income (as given by the median). • In comparison, 42 per cent of people in privately rented housing and 13 per cent of people in owner occupied housing were in relative income poverty after housing costs.
  4. 4. Percentage of people in each type of housing tenure in Wales, who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), 2014-15 to 2016-17 48 42 13 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Social Rented Private Rented Owner Occupied Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP
  5. 5. • However, considering the 720,000 people in relative income poverty in Wales as a group, a greater number of them were living in owner occupied housing (270,000) than in either category of rented housing. • This is because the majority of households in Wales are owner occupied, around two thirds according to the last Census. The people in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), by housing tenure, 2014-15 to 2016-17 240,000; 34% 210,000; 29% 270,000; 38% Social Rented Private Rented Owner Occupied Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP
  6. 6. Economic status and type of employment
  7. 7. Most children living in relative income poverty were living in working households • In the latest period (2014-15 to 2016-17), 64 per cent of children who were living in relative income poverty lived in households where at least one person was in work. This has increased for the last two periods from 60 per cent in the period 2012-13 to 2014-15.
  8. 8. The children in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), by economic status of household, three-financial-year averages 21 23 19 21 24 30 33 31 29 31 39 42 37 30 28 33 50 46 42 37 40 40 39 36 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2007 to 2010 2008 to 2011 2009 to 2012 2010 to 2013 2011 to 2014 2012 to 2015 2013 to 2016 2014 to 2017 Percentage Workless households At least one adult in work, but not all All adults in work Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP
  9. 9. • When considering all children in Wales, the likelihood of being in relative income poverty is much greater, and the gap is increasing for those living in a workless household compared to living in a working household (where at least one of the adults was in work). • 72 per cent of children living in a workless household were in relative income poverty compared to 21 per cent living in a working household in 2014-15 to 2016-17. Nearly three quarters of children in workless households were living in relative income poverty
  10. 10. For working-age adults, living with people who work reduces the likelihood of living in relative income poverty • Between 2014-15 and 2016-17, working-age adults who lived in households where no-one worked were over 7 times more likely to live in relative income poverty than those who lived in households where everyone worked full-time. • However there were still an estimated 50,000 working-age adults in relative income poverty despite living in households where everyone worked full-time.
  11. 11. Percentage of working-age adults in each household employment type in Wales, who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), 2014-15 to 2016-17 7 10 26 34 30 54 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 All full timeCouple - one full time, one part time One or more self employed Couple - one full time, one not working No full time, one or more part time All workless Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP

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