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Part – 10Part – 10
of the seriesof the series
The Funeral Rites in IslamThe Funeral Rites in Islam
Presentation made by Sa...
Salaatul-Janaazah, like the five dailySalaatul-Janaazah, like the five daily
compulsory prayers, must be performedcompulso...
Three Rows:Three Rows: It is preferable that those behind theIt is preferable that those behind the
Imaam form at least th...
Two Men:Two Men: If there is only one man besides theIf there is only one man besides the
Imaam, he should pray behind the...
The Imaam:The Imaam: The Ameer or his assistant hasThe Ameer or his assistant has
more right to lead the funeral prayer th...
If neither the Ameer nor his representative is present,If neither the Ameer nor his representative is present,
the one who...
A Number of Dead:A Number of Dead: If there are a number of dead people,If there are a number of dead people,
a singlea si...
It is also allowable thatIt is also allowable that Salaatul-Janaazah beSalaatul-Janaazah be
performed on each personperfor...
C. Location of the PrayerC. Location of the Prayer
According to the practice of the ProphetAccording to the practice of th...
1. Inside the Masjid1. Inside the Masjid
‘‘Abbaad, the son of ‘Abdillaah ibn az-Zubayr, related thatAbbaad, the son of ‘Ab...
2. Outside the Masjid2. Outside the Masjid
It is however preferable to have a placeIt is however preferable to have a plac...
‘‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar also reported that theAbdullaah ibn ‘Umar also reported that the
Jews came to the Prophet (SAS) with...
CHAPTER FOUR: FUNERAL PRAYER
Insha'Allah to be continuedInsha'Allah to be continued
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Death 10

Funeral Rites In Islam BY
Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips

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Death 10

  1. 1. Part – 10Part – 10 of the seriesof the series The Funeral Rites in IslamThe Funeral Rites in Islam Presentation made by Sarandib Muslims.com
  2. 2. Salaatul-Janaazah, like the five dailySalaatul-Janaazah, like the five daily compulsory prayers, must be performedcompulsory prayers, must be performed in congregation. This was the only way in whichin congregation. This was the only way in which the Prophet (SAS) and his companion did it andthe Prophet (SAS) and his companion did it and the Prophet (SAS) said,the Prophet (SAS) said, ““Pray as you saw me pray.”Pray as you saw me pray.” Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol.1, p.345, no.604.Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol.1, p.345, no.604. The only exception to this rule was in the case ofThe only exception to this rule was in the case of the funeral prayer for the Prophet (SAS) inthe funeral prayer for the Prophet (SAS) in which the Prophet’s companions all prayedwhich the Prophet’s companions all prayed separately due to the uniqueness of the situationseparately due to the uniqueness of the situation and their state of confusion at the time.and their state of confusion at the time.
  3. 3. Three Rows:Three Rows: It is preferable that those behind theIt is preferable that those behind the Imaam form at least three rows, as this was the SunnahImaam form at least three rows, as this was the Sunnah when the number was insufficient to fill the masjid.when the number was insufficient to fill the masjid. Aboo Umaamah reported that the Prophet (SAS) ledAboo Umaamah reported that the Prophet (SAS) led the salaahthe salaah forfor the dead along with seven people and hethe dead along with seven people and he made them form three rows, two of which had twomade them form three rows, two of which had two people in them.people in them. Ahkaamul-Janaaiz, p.99 with support of following hadeeth.Ahkaamul-Janaaiz, p.99 with support of following hadeeth. Maalik ibn Hubayrah also reported that theMaalik ibn Hubayrah also reported that the Prophet (SAS) said,Prophet (SAS) said, ““Any Muslim who dies and three rows of MuslimsAny Muslim who dies and three rows of Muslims make salaah for him, will bemake salaah for him, will be forgiven.”forgiven.” 23 Sunan Abu Dawud, vol.2, p.899 no.3160 and Mishkat Al-Masabih, vol.1, pp. 353-4. This is authentic as a saying of the Sahaabee and not as the Prophet’s saying. See Da‘eef Sunan AbooDaawood, pp.320-1, no.695 and Da‘eef Ibn Maajah. p.113 no.327. Also see Ahkaamul-Janaa’iz,p.100.
  4. 4. Two Men:Two Men: If there is only one man besides theIf there is only one man besides the Imaam, he should pray behind the Imaam andImaam, he should pray behind the Imaam and not beside him as in the case of all othernot beside him as in the case of all other salaahs.salaahs. ‘‘Abdullaah ibn Abee Talhah reported thatAbdullaah ibn Abee Talhah reported that Aboo Talhah called for the Allaah’sAboo Talhah called for the Allaah’s Messenger (SAS) when ‘Umayr Ibn AbeeMessenger (SAS) when ‘Umayr Ibn Abee Talhah died. The Messenger of Allaah (SAS)Talhah died. The Messenger of Allaah (SAS) came and madecame and made salaah for him in their house.salaah for him in their house. Allaah’s Messenger (SAS)Allaah’s Messenger (SAS) stepped forward andstepped forward and Aboo Talhah stood behind him, and UmmAboo Talhah stood behind him, and Umm Sulaym stood behind Aboo Talhah. There wasSulaym stood behind Aboo Talhah. There was no one else there with them.no one else there with them. Collected by al-Bayhaqee, al-Haakim and at-Tabaraanee and authenticated inCollected by al-Bayhaqee, al-Haakim and at-Tabaraanee and authenticated in Ahkaamul-Ahkaamul-Janaa’iz, p.100.Janaa’iz, p.100.
  5. 5. The Imaam:The Imaam: The Ameer or his assistant hasThe Ameer or his assistant has more right to lead the funeral prayer than themore right to lead the funeral prayer than the deceased’sdeceased’s waleewalee..(Nearest male relative.)(Nearest male relative.) Aboo Haazim said, “Verily I was presentAboo Haazim said, “Verily I was present on the day of al-Hasan ibn ‘Alee’s death and Ion the day of al-Hasan ibn ‘Alee’s death and I heard al-Husayn ibn ‘Alee say to Sa‘eed ibnheard al-Husayn ibn ‘Alee say to Sa‘eed ibn al-‘Aas,al-‘Aas, ( Sa‘eed ibn al-‘Aas was the Ameer of al-Madeenah at that time. He was a Sahaabee and( Sa‘eed ibn al-‘Aas was the Ameer of al-Madeenah at that time. He was a Sahaabee and one ofone of those who wrote out copies of the ‘Uthmaanee Qur’aan.)those who wrote out copies of the ‘Uthmaanee Qur’aan.) “Go forward [and lead“Go forward [and lead thethe salaah] for, if it was not [insalaah] for, if it was not [in accordance withaccordance with the]the] Sunnah, I wouldn’t have put you forward.”Sunnah, I wouldn’t have put you forward.” He said thatHe said that because there was some ill feelingbecause there was some ill feeling between them.between them. Collected by al-Bayhaqee and authenticated inCollected by al-Bayhaqee and authenticated in Ahkaamul-Janaa’iz, pp.100-01.Ahkaamul-Janaa’iz, pp.100-01.
  6. 6. If neither the Ameer nor his representative is present,If neither the Ameer nor his representative is present, the one who has memorized the most Qur’aan shouldthe one who has memorized the most Qur’aan should lead the funeral prayer, even if he is a child. ‘Amr ibnlead the funeral prayer, even if he is a child. ‘Amr ibn Salamah reported that when a delegation from hisSalamah reported that when a delegation from his tribe, which had come to the Prophet (SAS), preparedtribe, which had come to the Prophet (SAS), prepared to leave they asked, “O Messenger of Allaah, whoto leave they asked, “O Messenger of Allaah, who should lead us inshould lead us in salaah?” He replied, “The one who hassalaah?” He replied, “The one who has memorized the most Qur’aan.” Since none of the tribe hadmemorized the most Qur’aan.” Since none of the tribe had memorized more than me, they put mememorized more than me, they put me forward - evenforward - even though I was only a youth [of six or seven at the time].though I was only a youth [of six or seven at the time]. This addition found inThis addition found in Sahih Al Bukhari, vol.5, pp.413-4, no.595.Sahih Al Bukhari, vol.5, pp.413-4, no.595. Whenever I wasWhenever I was present at a gathering, I was made the Imaam and Ipresent at a gathering, I was made the Imaam and I have lead thehave lead the salaah on their dead until today.”salaah on their dead until today.” Sunan Abu Dawud,vol.1, p.155, no.587 and authenticated in Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood,Sunan Abu Dawud,vol.1, p.155, no.587 and authenticated in Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood, vol.1, p.117, no.548.vol.1, p.117, no.548.
  7. 7. A Number of Dead:A Number of Dead: If there are a number of dead people,If there are a number of dead people, a singlea single Salaatul- Janaazah can be made for all of them.Salaatul- Janaazah can be made for all of them. However, if there are males andHowever, if there are males and females,females, the female bodiesthe female bodies are placed in front of the Imaam and the males behind theare placed in front of the Imaam and the males behind the Imaam even if they were young children.Imaam even if they were young children. Naafi‘ reportedNaafi‘ reported that Ibn ‘Umar led the funeral prayer for nine deadthat Ibn ‘Umar led the funeral prayer for nine dead Muslims, the dead males behind him and the women inMuslims, the dead males behind him and the women in front of him in one row. When the bier of Umm Kulthoomfront of him in one row. When the bier of Umm Kulthoom bint ‘Aleebint ‘Alee (Also the wife of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab.)(Also the wife of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab.) and her son Zayd wasand her son Zayd was brought together and the youth was placed behind thebrought together and the youth was placed behind the Imaam, he disputed it and looked to Ibn ‘Abbaas,Imaam, he disputed it and looked to Ibn ‘Abbaas, Aboo Hurayrah, Aboo Sa‘eed and Aboo Qataadah andAboo Hurayrah, Aboo Sa‘eed and Aboo Qataadah and asked, “What is this?” They replied, “It is the Sunnah.”asked, “What is this?” They replied, “It is the Sunnah.” Collected by an-Nasaa’ee, al-Bayhaqee and ad-Daaraqutnee. See alsoCollected by an-Nasaa’ee, al-Bayhaqee and ad-Daaraqutnee. See also Sunan Abu Dawud,Sunan Abu Dawud, vol.2, p.906, no.3187 andvol.2, p.906, no.3187 and authenticated inauthenticated in Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood, vol.2, pp.614-5,Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood, vol.2, pp.614-5, no.2734.no.2734.
  8. 8. It is also allowable thatIt is also allowable that Salaatul-Janaazah beSalaatul-Janaazah be performed on each personperformed on each person individually as this wasindividually as this was also done on occasion by the Prophet (SAS) and italso done on occasion by the Prophet (SAS) and it is theis the original practice.original practice. Ibn ‘Abbaas said: When Allaah’s Messenger (SAS) cameIbn ‘Abbaas said: When Allaah’s Messenger (SAS) came accross Hamzah, he asked for him and his body wasaccross Hamzah, he asked for him and his body was prepared and placed in the direction of Makkah. He thenprepared and placed in the direction of Makkah. He then prayed the funeral prayer using nineprayed the funeral prayer using nine takbeers. Then thetakbeers. Then the bodies of the otherbodies of the other martyrs were brought. Each martyr’smartyrs were brought. Each martyr’s body was placed beside Hamzah’s body, one at a time,body was placed beside Hamzah’s body, one at a time, and he prayed for each along with Hamzah’s body untiland he prayed for each along with Hamzah’s body until hehe completed seventy-two funeral prayers.completed seventy-two funeral prayers. Collected by at-Tabaraanee inCollected by at-Tabaraanee in Al-Kabeer, vol.3, pp.107-8 and authenticated in Ahkaamul-Al-Kabeer, vol.3, pp.107-8 and authenticated in Ahkaamul- Janaa’iz, pp.104-5.Janaa’iz, pp.104-5.
  9. 9. C. Location of the PrayerC. Location of the Prayer According to the practice of the ProphetAccording to the practice of the Prophet (SAS), there are two locations where the(SAS), there are two locations where the funeral prayer may be held; inside the masjidfuneral prayer may be held; inside the masjid or outside the masjid at a prayeror outside the masjid at a prayer placeplace reserved for it.reserved for it.
  10. 10. 1. Inside the Masjid1. Inside the Masjid ‘‘Abbaad, the son of ‘Abdillaah ibn az-Zubayr, related thatAbbaad, the son of ‘Abdillaah ibn az-Zubayr, related that ‘Aa’ishah [and the Prophet’s wives]‘Aa’ishah [and the Prophet’s wives] requested that the bierrequested that the bier of Sa‘d ibn Abee Waqqaas be brought to the masjid so thatof Sa‘d ibn Abee Waqqaas be brought to the masjid so that they could also pray for him. [Those carrying the bierthey could also pray for him. [Those carrying the bier brought it and placed it in front of their apartmentsbrought it and placed it in front of their apartments( The doors of( The doors of the apartments of the Prophet’s wives opened into the masjid).the apartments of the Prophet’s wives opened into the masjid). and they offered prayerand they offered prayer for him. When the people heard about it, they began tofor him. When the people heard about it, they began to criticize them and say that it wascriticize them and say that it was Bid‘ah (innovation) andBid‘ah (innovation) and that the bier shouldn’t be taken into the masjid.that the bier shouldn’t be taken into the masjid. WhenWhen ‘Aa’ishah heard that,]‘Aa’ishah heard that,] (This addition is in(This addition is in Sahih Muslim, vol.2, pp.460-1, no.2124.)Sahih Muslim, vol.2, pp.460-1, no.2124.) sheshe said, “How quickly people have forgotten that Allaah’ssaid, “How quickly people have forgotten that Allaah’s Messenger (SAS) only prayed for Suhayl ibn Baydaa [andMessenger (SAS) only prayed for Suhayl ibn Baydaa [and his brother]his brother] This addition is inThis addition is in Sahih Muslim, vol.2, p.461, no.2125.Sahih Muslim, vol.2, p.461, no.2125. inside the masjid.”inside the masjid.” Reported by ‘Aa’ishah and collected inReported by ‘Aa’ishah and collected in Sahih Muslim, vol.2, pp.460, no.2123, Sunan AbuSahih Muslim, vol.2, pp.460, no.2123, Sunan Abu Dawud, vol.2, p.905, no.3183,Dawud, vol.2, p.905, no.3183, Sunan Ibn-i-Majah, vol.2, p.404, no.1518, Muwatta , pp.108-9,Sunan Ibn-i-Majah, vol.2, p.404, no.1518, Muwatta , pp.108-9, no.534 andno.534 and Mishkat Al-Masabih,, vol.1, p.348.Mishkat Al-Masabih,, vol.1, p.348.
  11. 11. 2. Outside the Masjid2. Outside the Masjid It is however preferable to have a placeIt is however preferable to have a place ((musallaa) set aside for the funeralmusallaa) set aside for the funeral prayerprayer outside the masjid as this was the usualoutside the masjid as this was the usual practice of the Prophet (SAS).practice of the Prophet (SAS). Aboo Hurayrah reported that when Allaah’sAboo Hurayrah reported that when Allaah’s Messenger (SAS) announced to them theMessenger (SAS) announced to them the death of the ruler (death of the ruler (najaashee) of Ethiopia on thenajaashee) of Ethiopia on the day on which he died, heday on which he died, he said: “said: “Ask forgivenessAsk forgiveness for your brother,” and had them line up in rows atfor your brother,” and had them line up in rows at the musallaa and prayed for him using fourthe musallaa and prayed for him using four takbeeres.takbeeres. Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol.2, p.191, no.337, Sahih Muslim, vol.2, p.452, no.2077, Sunan Abu Dawud, vol.2, p.911,Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol.2, p.191, no.337, Sahih Muslim, vol.2, p.452, no.2077, Sunan Abu Dawud, vol.2, p.911, no.3198, Sunan Ibn-i-Majah, vol.2, p.412, no.1534, Mishkat Al-Masabih,no.3198, Sunan Ibn-i-Majah, vol.2, p.412, no.1534, Mishkat Al-Masabih, vol.1, p.348 andvol.1, p.348 and Muwatta , p.107, no.526.Muwatta , p.107, no.526.
  12. 12. ‘‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar also reported that theAbdullaah ibn ‘Umar also reported that the Jews came to the Prophet (SAS) with a manJews came to the Prophet (SAS) with a man and woman who had committed adultery soand woman who had committed adultery so he ordered that they be stoned near the placehe ordered that they be stoned near the place for funeral (prayers) beside the masjid.”for funeral (prayers) beside the masjid.” Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol.2, pp231-2, no.413. 3. Between the Graves3. Between the Graves It is forbidden for theIt is forbidden for the Salaatul-JanaazahSalaatul-Janaazah to beto be performed for the dead between the graves accordingperformed for the dead between the graves according to the hadeeth narrated by Anas ibn Maalik into the hadeeth narrated by Anas ibn Maalik inwhichwhich he said:he said: “The Prophet (SAS) forbade the performance“The Prophet (SAS) forbade the performance of theof the salaah for the dead in betweensalaah for the dead in between the graves.”the graves.” Collected by at-Tabaraanee and authenticated in Ahkaamul-Janaa’iz, p.108, no.72.
  13. 13. CHAPTER FOUR: FUNERAL PRAYER Insha'Allah to be continuedInsha'Allah to be continued Presentation made byPresentation made by Sarandib Muslims.comSarandib Muslims.com For comments and questions please contact usFor comments and questions please contact us D. The Method of PrayerD. The Method of Prayer

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