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Wild brook trout streams of Cape Cod and SE MA 11/14/2018 update

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Slide show from event at Cape Cod Trout Unlimited.

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Wild brook trout streams of Cape Cod and SE MA 11/14/2018 update

  1. 1. Wild Brook Trout Streams of Cape Cod and Southeastern Massachusetts: 2018 Update November 14, 2018 Steve Hurley, Southeast District Fisheries Manager Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife steve.hurley@state.ma.us
  2. 2. Slides from Steve Hurley, MassWildlife • Presentation was made to the Cape Cod Chapter of Trout Unlimited on 11/14/2018 • For more information visit: www.capecodtu.org www.southeastmasstu.com www.searunbrookie.org
  3. 3. A Lot of Progress (and some significant losses) since 2014) • Much Progress on Habitat Restoration • Many other researchers interested in coldwater streams • Monitored brook trout populations fluctuating Setbacks • Loss of Santuit River and UT- Herring River Populations
  4. 4. Brook Trout Response to Climate Change Inland Areas • Can move upgradient to colder headwater areas Coastal Areas • Isolated streams restrict movement during critical summer periods
  5. 5. Westport’s Brook Trout Streams: Land Protection is key to Preserving these Streams
  6. 6. Above Old County Road Westport 04/14/2012 John Kokoszka
  7. 7. Westport DMF Fyke Net Catch 2012
  8. 8. South River Marshfield Brookies • Many wild brook Trout from Marshfield Fairgrounds Brook found in South River in spring during shad sampling in 2017 • Zenas Brook Way subdivision plan next to brook withdrawn
  9. 9. Jones River Kingston Dam Removals Elm Street Dam Removal Study funded By DER Wapping Road Dam previously removed Three downstream wild brook trout tributaries Two Upstream wild brook trout tributaries
  10. 10. Eel River Good Wetlands Restoration but Major Temperature Impacts One of first extensive bog restoration Wild brook trout and Bridle shiner populations Removed dam, extensive white cedar plantings Large amount of woody structure added
  11. 11. Tidmarsh Farms Beaver Dam Brook Plymouth Coldwater habitat considered
  12. 12. Wellingsley Brook – Plymouth Removal of Small Dams October 2012
  13. 13. Wellingsley Brook - Plymouth
  14. 14. Town Brook - Plymouth – Holmes Street Dam Removal
  15. 15. Martha’s Vineyard Brook Trout Streams
  16. 16. Tack Factory Dam - Norwell Removal Wild Brook Trout in a tributary just upstream Lowest dam on Third Herring Brook
  17. 17. Third Herring Brook – Old Tack Factory Dam site
  18. 18. Un-named Tributary To Third Herring Brook •Trout electrofished and PIT tagged -2017 and 2018 in unamed tributary (1 in mainstem) •Three antennas placed on Third Herring Brook by NSRWAQ and SRBTC •Two trout hit antenna at Old Tack Factory Pond dam in May and June 2018
  19. 19. Importance of Trees as Trout Habitat
  20. 20. 0.00 0.10 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 Sep-07 Sep-08 Sep-09 Sep-10 Sep-11 Sep-12 Sep-13 Sep-14 Sep-15 Sep-16 Sep-17 Sep-18 Fall Electrofishing Catch Per Unit Effort (Trout per Meter) Quashnet Red Brook Childs Coonamessett
  21. 21. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 YOY Age 1+ Age 2+ Age 3+ Age 4+ Brook Trout Length in September Coonamessett Childs Quashnet Red Brook
  22. 22. New Century Bog Herring Channel Constructed by A.D. Makepeace March 2016 Main Channel Filling In With Vegetation New Herring Channel
  23. 23. Century Bog 2018
  24. 24. Red Brook September 26 2016
  25. 25. Red Brook May 2017
  26. 26. Red Brook Over Winter Growth 10 to 14 inches
  27. 27. Red Brook May 2017
  28. 28. Unusual coloration in Red Brook Recapture 2018
  29. 29. Brook Trout Spawning under Salt Water King Tide
  30. 30. Red Brook Trout Response to Summer Tides 01-Jul- 16 04-Jul- 16 07-Jul- 16 10-Jul- 16 13-Jul- 16 16-Jul- 16 19-Jul- 16 22-Jul- 16 25-Jul- 16 28-Jul- 16 31-Jul- 16 0 5 10 00 02 04 06 08 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 Red Brook Antenna 1 Unique Fish per Hour 5-10 0-5
  31. 31. Century Bog Restoration Key Concepts • Grading to remove expressions of agriculture • re-expose organic soils, • a mosaic of natural community types; • seed bank re-vegetation as primary means to colonize organic soils; • • Re-introduction of microtopographic variation, including seasonal habitat pools; • • Consolidation of ditch network to one efficient channel that maximizes existing shading and passage through sand rather than peat Century Bog New Channel
  32. 32. White Island Pond Fish Ladder Managed for River Herring and downstream Temperatures Opened in March Closed mid-June Opened for Outmigration Early October-Early November
  33. 33. A wild brook trout from the Quashnet River • Tagged 09/24/2008 - 197 mm • Recaptured 09/21/2010 - 347 mm • 727 Days at Large Largest recaptured PIT tagged brook trout from the Quashnet River 09/21/2010 Tag# 985.121003981009
  34. 34. Upper Quashnet River Channel after berm subsidence during FS-1 Contamination Remediation
  35. 35. Main Quashnet River Bog Channel has continued to degrade
  36. 36. Quashnet River Upper Bog Project Funded by U.S. Air Force
  37. 37. Quashnet K1 Bog Spawning Area
  38. 38. Removal of Old Concrete Structures on Quashnet by USFWS
  39. 39. USGS Short Courses on groundwater/surface water interactions use Quashnet River as a field site
  40. 40. Brook Trout spawning November 2015 at Upper Bend, lower Quashnet River
  41. 41. Upper Bend Spawning Area Graphic from Martin Briggs, USGS USGS Quashnet River Studies
  42. 42. Rainbow Trout in Quashnet • A few rainbows also noted in the Mashpee River
  43. 43. Mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) Quashnet River Only Known Location in Massachusetts
  44. 44. 2018 Very High Water Year
  45. 45. Johns Pond Outlet to Quashnet River
  46. 46. Quashnet River Habitat Improvement and Management Changes have allowed populations to increase 0 50 100 150 200 250 2018201620142012201020082006200420022000199819961994199219901988 TotalNumberCaptured Year Quashnet River TU Annual Brook Trout Inventory Sections 1 to 4
  47. 47. The Santuit River: Death of a thousand cuts? • Santuit Pond – Water Quality Problems • Road Crossings – Runoff, Improperly Sized • Water Withdrawals: Willowbend, Cotuit #5 • Clearing of trees and woody habitat intended to improve herring run • Loss of nearby population (Quaker Run) • Increased predatory birds (i.e Osprey platforms next to river) • Loss of eel grass • Resurgence of otter Trout Population discovered to be extirpated in 2015
  48. 48. Santuit River Improvements Wood Additions by SRBTC, Barnstable DNR and Mashpee Wampanoag Sampsons mill Culvert to be replaced Santuit Pond algae problems
  49. 49. Dead Brook Trout found in Santuit River February 28, 2016 Could be a migrant from Mashpee River but apparent mortality from Bird?
  50. 50. Santuit River Brook Trout Restoration • Transplant of 45 brook trout from the Mashpee River, May 31, 2017 • Resampled September 2017 • 15 recaptures and 1 untagged
  51. 51. Santuit USGS Work Summer, 2018
  52. 52. Santuit River – 2018 May 2018 – No Trout! • September 21, 2018 • One trout ! 133 mm(5.2 inches) • Apparent YOY
  53. 53. Cape Cod Rivers Observatory • Started by Dr. Max Holmes of Woods Hole Research Center in 2017 • Focused originally on sea run brook trout streams • Data freely available online
  54. 54. Santuit River Water Quality Issues 2017 - 2018 Filters from the Cape Cod Rivers Observatory Santuit River Filters showing onset of Algae Bloom in 2017 Santuit Pond underwent a transformation from rooted aquatics to an algae driven system which impacts the River downstream
  55. 55. Childs River Length Frequencies
  56. 56. Childs River Farley and Garner Bogs • GPR Data from NRCS • Fallow Bogs owned by town of Falmouth and Mashpee • Proposal by Falmouth Rod and Gun Club to Lease and restore habitats • Need restoration plan for entire river including breaching of Rod and Gun Club dam
  57. 57. Childs River Farley Bog Concept
  58. 58. Falmouth Rod and Gun Club Ponds Dam Removal
  59. 59. Falmouth Rod and Gun/TU Monitoring – 10 sites
  60. 60. Increase in Childs River temperatures from Bogs and Ponds
  61. 61. • May 19, 2015 survey Survey with Andy Nabreski of On The Water Magazine Captured 40 trout (11 recaptures) • http://www.onthewater.com/field-trip- electroshocking-native-brook-trout/ • 381 mm (15 inches) Photo Courtesy of Andy Nabreski Photo Courtesy of Andy Nabreski Coonamessett River – Falmouth Brook Trout Re-introduction 2013 and 2014 introductions from Mashpee River
  62. 62. September 26, 2015 Captured 50 trout (14 recaptures) 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 9/22/2015 2 5 5 8 3 2 3 2 1 5 2 3 3 1 3 1 1 9/29/2014 11 18 33 26 20 7 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 9/16/2013 2 1 1 2 1 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 NumberofBrookTrout Coonamessett River Fall Trout Sampling
  63. 63. • Cooperative research with Dr. Linda Deegan and Dr. Andy Jones, Coonamessett River Trust • Herring antenna in place all year in prime brook trout habitat • Solar panels repositioned Nov 2018
  64. 64. Masswildlife Coldwater biologist Adam Kautza with Coonamessett River Trout
  65. 65. Coonamesset River Restoration
  66. 66. Coonamessett River – Summer 2018
  67. 67. Coonamessett River • Removal of lower dam • Woody debris installation and tree planting below Thomas B Landers Road • Continued monitoring of brook trout restoration/dispersal
  68. 68. Marstons Mills River Formerly Stocked Stream Single wild trout surveyed at River Road Spawned out female trout and 6 others surveyed in November 2015 Limited habitat above Mill Pond
  69. 69. Pocasset River: Four Ponds Conservation Area • Resurveyed 2015 • Wild Brook Trout persisted • Wild brown trout gone 2015 Survey
  70. 70. UT- Herring River Falmouth •Wild Brook rout documented by Bergin 1975 •Wild Brook trout found July 28 2011 •No trout on resurvey in 2018 •Potential habitat restoration site
  71. 71. Fresh Brook Wellfleet Hydrodynamic study 2018
  72. 72. Thanks To Cooperators and Researchers Corporate Wetlands Partnership www.searunbrookie.org
  73. 73. Questions or Comments?

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