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FIBA 3-PERSON MECHANICS <ul><ul><li>Document prepared by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAUL DESHAIES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
TERMINOLOGY <ul><li>Ball-side </li></ul><ul><li>Lead, Centre, Trail </li></ul><ul><li>Table side </li></ul><ul><li>Opposit...
BASIC CONCEPTS <ul><li>Teamwork </li></ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li>...
PRE-GAME <ul><li>On the court 20 minutes before game time </li></ul><ul><li>Opposite the table </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure...
OPENING TOSS <ul><li>Responsibilities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R: toss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U1: starting the clock, ca...
OPENING TOSS <ul><li>Responsibilities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R: toss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U1: calling re-jump or jum...
OFFICIALS WORKING AREAS <ul><li>L works the paint </li></ul><ul><li>C stands 2 meters beyond free throw line extended </li...
AREAS OF RESPONSIBILITY <ul><li>T is responsible for  outside of strong side </li></ul><ul><li>L is responsible for paint ...
BALL GOES TOWARD THE BASKET <ul><li>T and C step toward the endline, making the triangle smaller </li></ul>T L C T C
ROTATION <ul><li>If ball is passed to other side </li></ul><ul><ul><li>L moves to ball-side and initiates rotation </li></...
TRANSITION <ul><li>T becomes new L </li></ul><ul><li>C continues to be C: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All violations and fouls b...
PRESSING <ul><li>T becomes new L </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Last line of defence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>C continues to be C: </...
THROW-INS <ul><li>Throw-in spot nearest to point of infraction </li></ul><ul><li>Not behind backboard </li></ul><ul><li>Di...
ENDLINE THROW-IN <ul><li>L between player and basket </li></ul>C L B T B
SIDELINE THROW-IN C L B T
OUT OF BOUNDS IN BACK COURT  <ul><li>Ball goes out of bounds in back court on weak side, ball coming back to front court <...
Shot coverage <ul><li>C is primarily responsible for shots from within the free throw semi-circle </li></ul><ul><li>T is r...
Shot coverage <ul><li>L is primarily responsible for shooter and ball-side rebounding </li></ul><ul><li>C is primarily res...
3-point field goal coverage <ul><li>C and T are  responsible for signalling 3-point try on their side of the court  </li><...
CALLING A FOUL <ul><li>Stop clock: arm straight up, clenched fist </li></ul><ul><li>Point to player’s waist with a straigh...
Procedure when foul is called <ul><li>Calling official: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifies player and reports to scorer </li...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>C calls foul on defensive player table side </li></ul><...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>C calls foul on defensive player opposite side </li></u...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>L calls foul on defensive player on opposite side </li>...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>L calls foul on defensive player on table side </li></u...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>T calls foul on defensive player opposite side </li></u...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>T calls foul on defensive player table side </li></ul><...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>C calls offensive foul on opposite side </li></ul><ul>...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>C calls offensive foul on table side </li></ul><ul><li...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>L calls offensive foul table side </li></ul><ul><li>L ...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>L calls offensive foul opposite side </li></ul><ul><li...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>T calls offensive foul table side </li></ul><ul><li>T ...
SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>T calls offensive foul opposite side </li></ul><ul><li...
FREE THROW ADMINISTRATION <ul><li>L (opposite side) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signals number of throws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
ADMINISTRATION OF FOULS  FOLLOWED BY POSSESSION <ul><li>Official calling foul reports and goes opposite as T </li></ul><ul...
CHARGED TIME-OUTS <ul><li>Official nearest table grants the time-out, becomes C and stands straddling centre line. All off...
Substitutions <ul><li>Official nearest table handles the substitutions  </li></ul><ul><li>When a fouI is called the callin...
End of game <ul><li>Officials gather at pre-game spots  </li></ul><ul><li>Observe post-game action </li></ul><ul><li>If ri...
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Ncp Level 3 3 Person Mechanics

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Ncp Level 3 3 Person Mechanics

  1. 1. FIBA 3-PERSON MECHANICS <ul><ul><li>Document prepared by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAUL DESHAIES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CABO NATIONAL INTERPRETER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>© Paul Deshaies, September 2008 </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. TERMINOLOGY <ul><li>Ball-side </li></ul><ul><li>Lead, Centre, Trail </li></ul><ul><li>Table side </li></ul><ul><li>Opposite side </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation: change of position during live ball </li></ul><ul><li>Strong side: side of front court where L is located </li></ul><ul><li>Weak side: side of front court where L is not located </li></ul><ul><li>Switch: change in position during dead ball caused by a foul being called </li></ul>
  3. 3. BASIC CONCEPTS <ul><li>Teamwork </li></ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Team success depends on C’s and T’s involvement </li></ul>
  4. 4. PRE-GAME <ul><li>On the court 20 minutes before game time </li></ul><ul><li>Opposite the table </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure scoresheet is correctly prepared and that, 10 minutes before game time, coaches confirm list, indicate five starters and sign scoresheet </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 minutes before game time, blow whistle to interrupt warm-up and bring teams to respective bench (clock still running) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resume warm-up with 3 minutes on the clock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2:00 minutes, officials cross over to table side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1:30 minute left, bring teams to bench </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-game and half-time: whistle at 3:00, 1:30 and 30 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between 1st and 2 nd , 3rd and 4th, and before OT, whistle at 30 seconds </li></ul></ul>U1 R U2
  5. 5. OPENING TOSS <ul><li>Responsibilities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R: toss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U1: starting the clock, calling re-jump or jumper violation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U2: 8 non-jumpers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Movement: ball to R’s right </li></ul>U1 R U2 C T L
  6. 6. OPENING TOSS <ul><li>Responsibilities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R: toss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U1: calling re-jump or jumper violation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U2: 8 non-jumpers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Movement: ball to R’s left </li></ul>U1 R U2 C T L
  7. 7. OFFICIALS WORKING AREAS <ul><li>L works the paint </li></ul><ul><li>C stands 2 meters beyond free throw line extended </li></ul><ul><li>T at the edge of the team bench area </li></ul><ul><li>Officials must go where they can see the air (find the spaces) </li></ul>L T C
  8. 8. AREAS OF RESPONSIBILITY <ul><li>T is responsible for outside of strong side </li></ul><ul><li>L is responsible for paint on strong side and inside arc </li></ul><ul><li>T and L have shared responsibilities in dual area </li></ul><ul><li>C is responsible for whole weak side </li></ul>T L C DUAL
  9. 9. BALL GOES TOWARD THE BASKET <ul><li>T and C step toward the endline, making the triangle smaller </li></ul>T L C T C
  10. 10. ROTATION <ul><li>If ball is passed to other side </li></ul><ul><ul><li>L moves to ball-side and initiates rotation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T moves to C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C moves to T </li></ul></ul>T L B B C B T C L
  11. 11. TRANSITION <ul><li>T becomes new L </li></ul><ul><li>C continues to be C: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All violations and fouls between the top of the two free throw semi-circles on his side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On fast break, follow play quickly to assist L </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball coverage to the basket on his side </li></ul></ul><ul><li>L becomes T </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New sideline responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coverage behind the fast break </li></ul></ul>T L C T C L
  12. 12. PRESSING <ul><li>T becomes new L </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Last line of defence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>C continues to be C: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First line of defence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>L becomes new T </li></ul>T L C T C L
  13. 13. THROW-INS <ul><li>Throw-in spot nearest to point of infraction </li></ul><ul><li>Not behind backboard </li></ul><ul><li>Diagonal from end of free throw line to corner: endline </li></ul><ul><li>Throw-in from back court handled by T </li></ul>
  14. 14. ENDLINE THROW-IN <ul><li>L between player and basket </li></ul>C L B T B
  15. 15. SIDELINE THROW-IN C L B T
  16. 16. OUT OF BOUNDS IN BACK COURT <ul><li>Ball goes out of bounds in back court on weak side, ball coming back to front court </li></ul><ul><li>C becomes new T and handles throw-in </li></ul><ul><li>L moves to ball-side </li></ul><ul><li>T becomes new C </li></ul>T L B C B T L C
  17. 17. Shot coverage <ul><li>C is primarily responsible for shots from within the free throw semi-circle </li></ul><ul><li>T is responsible to help on shots from his side of semi-circle </li></ul>T L B C
  18. 18. Shot coverage <ul><li>L is primarily responsible for shooter and ball-side rebounding </li></ul><ul><li>C is primarily responsible for goal tending and basket interference, weak-side rebounding </li></ul><ul><li>T is responsible for goal tending and basket interference and perimeter rebounding </li></ul>T L B C
  19. 19. 3-point field goal coverage <ul><li>C and T are responsible for signalling 3-point try on their side of the court </li></ul><ul><li>When C or T signals successful 3-point basket, the other mirrors the successful basket </li></ul>T L C DUAL
  20. 20. CALLING A FOUL <ul><li>Stop clock: arm straight up, clenched fist </li></ul><ul><li>Point to player’s waist with a straight arm, palm facing down </li></ul><ul><li>Indicate number of free throws in controversial situations </li></ul><ul><li>RUN to scorer’s table (6 to 8 m) and STOP </li></ul><ul><li>Report while standing still </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signal number of player </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicate nature of foul </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of free throws or direction of play </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RUN to next position </li></ul><ul><li>Free officials keeps all players within field of vision </li></ul><ul><li>Double whistle: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearest official or official toward whom play is moving takes call </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Procedure when foul is called <ul><li>Calling official: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifies player and reports to scorer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moves to side opposite the table </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Officials not calling the foul: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freeze and observe all players until reporting has begun, then move to new positions while continuing to observe all players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If official on table side did not call, he remains table side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Official closest to table administers requests for time-outs and substitutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Official who calls offensive foul on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Table side becomes the new C on opposite side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposite side returns to opposite side </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>C calls foul on defensive player table side </li></ul><ul><li>C reports and goes opposite as C </li></ul><ul><li>T freezes and goes table side as T </li></ul><ul><li>L moves to table side as L </li></ul>T L C L C T
  23. 23. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>C calls foul on defensive player opposite side </li></ul><ul><li>C reports and goes back opposite as T </li></ul><ul><li>T freezes and stays table side as C </li></ul><ul><li>L moves to opposite side as L </li></ul>T L C L C T
  24. 24. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>L calls foul on defensive player on opposite side </li></ul><ul><li>L reports and goes opposite as T </li></ul><ul><li>T goes to L opposite </li></ul><ul><li>C stays as C table side </li></ul>T L C T L C
  25. 25. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>L calls foul on defensive player on table side </li></ul><ul><li>L reports and goes opposite as C </li></ul><ul><li>C goes to L table side </li></ul><ul><li>T stays as T on table side </li></ul>C L T C L T
  26. 26. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>T calls foul on defensive player opposite side </li></ul><ul><li>T reports and goes back opposite as T </li></ul><ul><li>C and L remain in same position </li></ul>C T L T C L
  27. 27. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL REMAINS IN FRONT COURT <ul><li>T calls foul on defensive player table side </li></ul><ul><li>T reports and goes opposite as C </li></ul><ul><li>C freezes and goes table side as T </li></ul><ul><li>L remains in same position </li></ul>C T L L C T
  28. 28. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>C calls offensive foul on opposite side </li></ul><ul><li>C reports and goes opposite as new L </li></ul><ul><li>L becomes new T and handles throw-in on opposite side </li></ul><ul><li>T becomes new C table side </li></ul>T L C C T L
  29. 29. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>C calls offensive foul on table side </li></ul><ul><li>C reports and goes opposite as C </li></ul><ul><li>L becomes new T and handles throw-in on table side </li></ul><ul><li>T becomes new L table side </li></ul>T C L C T L
  30. 30. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>L calls offensive foul table side </li></ul><ul><li>L reports and goes opposite as new C </li></ul><ul><li>C becomes new T and handles throw-in </li></ul><ul><li>T becomes new L </li></ul>T L C C T L
  31. 31. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>L calls offensive foul opposite side </li></ul><ul><li>L reports and goes opposite as new L </li></ul><ul><li>T becomes new T and handles throw-in </li></ul><ul><li>C becomes new C </li></ul>T C L T C L
  32. 32. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>T calls offensive foul table side </li></ul><ul><li>T reports and goes opposite as new C </li></ul><ul><li>L becomes new T and handles throw-in table side </li></ul><ul><li>C goes table side and becomes new L </li></ul>T L C C T L
  33. 33. SWITCHING POSITIONS AFTER FOUL BALL GOES TO NEW FRONT COURT <ul><li>T calls offensive foul opposite side </li></ul><ul><li>T reports and goes opposite as new L </li></ul><ul><li>L becomes new T and handles throw-in opposite side </li></ul><ul><li>C stays table side and becomes new C </li></ul>T C L C T L
  34. 34. FREE THROW ADMINISTRATION <ul><li>L (opposite side) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signals number of throws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bounces ball to thrower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watches players across lane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After last successful free throw, signals start of clock </li></ul></ul><ul><li>C (table side) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signals number of throws until ball is released </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watches players across lane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signals start of clock after last unsuccessful free throw </li></ul></ul><ul><li>T (opposite side) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps with free throw violations if necessary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps with perimeter rebounding </li></ul></ul>T L C
  35. 35. ADMINISTRATION OF FOULS FOLLOWED BY POSSESSION <ul><li>Official calling foul reports and goes opposite as T </li></ul><ul><li>L (opposite side) administers all free throws </li></ul><ul><li>C (table side) at the free throw line extended </li></ul><ul><li>After last free throw, L passes ball to T for throw-in </li></ul>T L C
  36. 36. CHARGED TIME-OUTS <ul><li>Official nearest table grants the time-out, becomes C and stands straddling centre line. All officials assume pre-game positions during time out. If free throw, L holds ball </li></ul><ul><li>If throw-in, official responsible holds ball </li></ul><ul><li>After warning signal, officials ensure that players return and move to normal positions </li></ul>O O C
  37. 37. Substitutions <ul><li>Official nearest table handles the substitutions </li></ul><ul><li>When a fouI is called the calling official reports and goes opposite, letting the partner nearest the table handle the substitutions </li></ul><ul><li>In transition, when new L is on table side, he acknowledges the subs and let the C supervise the rest of the procedure </li></ul>
  38. 38. End of game <ul><li>Officials gather at pre-game spots </li></ul><ul><li>Observe post-game action </li></ul><ul><li>If risky, leave together briskly </li></ul>R U1 U2

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