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Scientific approach for understanding Anaemia

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Anaemia is the most common blood disorder across the globe. Anaemia = Lack of blood signifies decreased number of RBCs in one's body. This presentation gives knowledge about the disorder as well as it natural herbal remedy.

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Scientific approach for understanding Anaemia

  1. 1. Presented by Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India
  2. 2. Anaemia / Anemia Most common disorder of the blood Decrease in number of RBCs Less than normal quality of haemoglobin Anaemia – name derived from ancient Greek meaning “Lack of blood” Several kinds of anaemia PPRC/INDIA 01
  3. 3. Micronutrient dificiency across the globe PPRC/INDIA 02
  4. 4. PPRC/INDIA 03
  5. 5. Anaemic patient PPRC/INDIA 04
  6. 6. RBCs in anaemic patient PPRC/INDIA 05
  7. 7. Symptoms of Anaemia PPRC/INDIA 06
  8. 8. Symptoms Fatigue General malaise Dyspnea (Shortness of breath) Palpitations, angina: pre-existing heart disease Intermittent claudication of the legs PPRC/INDIA 07
  9. 9. Symptoms Symptoms of heart failure Pale skin, mucosal linings, conjunctiva, nail beds Jaundice Leg ulcers PPRC/INDIA 08
  10. 10. Symptoms Fast heart rate Bounding pulse Fainting Awareness of heartbeat PPRC/INDIA 09
  11. 11. PPRC/INDIA 10
  12. 12. Diagnosis Complete blood count Flow cytometry Exam. of blood smeared slide using a microscope RBC Count Hb concentration PPRC/INDIA 11
  13. 13. Diagnosis MCV (Mean corpuscular volume) RDW / RCDW (Red cell distribution width) Haematocrit (Packed cell volume or Erythrocyte volume fraction) MCH (Mean corpuscular haemoglobin) MCHC (Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration) PPRC/INDIA 12
  14. 14. WHO’s Haemoglobin thresholds PPRC/INDIA 13 Age (yrs.) Hb g/dl Hb mmol/l Children (0.5 - 5) 11 6.8 Children (5 – 12) 11.5 7.1 Teens (12 – 15) 12 7.4 Women (>15) 12 7.4 Pregnant women 11 6.8 Men (>15) 13 8.1
  15. 15. Iron PPRC/INDIA 14
  16. 16. Iron PPRC/INDIA 15
  17. 17. Iron Forms complexes with molecular oxygen in haemoglobin & myoglobin, both being oxygen carrying compounds in vertebrates Used at the active site of many important redox enzymes dealing with cellular respiration and oxidation & reduction in plants and animals. PPRC/INDIA 16
  18. 18. How much Iron do we need? PPRC/INDIA 17 Age Mg/iron/day 0 – 3 months 1.7 4 – 6 months 4.3 7 – 12 months 7.8 1 – 3 yrs. 6.9 4 – 6 yrs. 6.1 7 – 10 yrs. 8.7
  19. 19. How much Iron do we need? PPRC/INDIA 18 Age Mg/iron/day Men 11 – 18 yrs. 11.3 Men 19+ yrs. 8.7 Women 11 – 50 yrs. 14.8 Pregnant women 27 Women 50+ yrs 8.7
  20. 20. Iron content of selected foods PPRC/INDIA 19 Food Amount Iron (mg) Cooked soyabeans 1 cup 8.8 Cooked lentils 1 cup 6.6 Cooked spinach 1 cup 6.4 Chickpeas 1 cup 4.7 Kidney beans 1 cup 3.9
  21. 21. Iron content of selected foods PPRC/INDIA 20 Food Amount Iron (mg) Potato 1 large 3.2 Beet greens cooked 1 cup 2.7 Cashews 1/4 cup 2.1 Watermelon 1/8 medium 1.4
  22. 22. The body needs Vit. B12, folic acid, iron Iron tablets: side effects – 1. Stomach irritation 2. Constipation 3. Diarrhoea PPRC/INDIA 21
  23. 23. To do…. Eat a varied, well-balanced foods – protein, carbohydrate, fat, fruits, vegetables Good sources of iron – Liver, beef, cereals, eggs, dried fruit, seafood, lentils, grains PPRC/INDIA 22
  24. 24. Haemoglobin structure PPRC/INDIA 23
  25. 25. PPRC/INDIA 24
  26. 26. Sickle cell anaemia PPRC/INDIA 25
  27. 27. Sickle cell anaemia Another type of anaemia Genetic in nature RBC become half rounded Blockage in artery, veins & capillaries Most commonly found in Africans, Americans and tribal communities PPRC/INDIA 26
  28. 28. Causes By gender mutation of the haemoglobin when carries oxygen from lungs to other parts of the body Deficiency of Iron / Iron phosphate (organic ion) PPRC/INDIA 27
  29. 29. Herbs rich in Iron / Iron phosphate PPRC/INDIA 28
  30. 30.  Yellow dock root  Danddich root  Burdock root  Nestle leaf  Mullein leaf  White oak bark  Devil’s claw  Echinacea  Red raspberry leaf  Fenugreek  Thyme  Yerba mate PPRC/INDIA 29
  31. 31. Budrock root PPRC/INDIA 30
  32. 32. Devil’s claw PPRC/INDIA 31
  33. 33. Echinacea PPRC/INDIA 32
  34. 34. Fenugreek PPRC/INDIA 33
  35. 35. Mullein leaf PPRC/INDIA 34
  36. 36. Thyme PPRC/INDIA 35
  37. 37. Red raspberry leaf PPRC/INDIA 36
  38. 38. White oak bark PPRC/INDIA 37
  39. 39. Yellow dock root PPRC/INDIA 38
  40. 40. Yerba mate PPRC/INDIA 39
  41. 41. Good source of iron content PPRC/INDIA 40
  42. 42. Spinach PPRC/INDIA 41
  43. 43. Allium cepa leaves PPRC/INDIA 42
  44. 44. Natural sources of Iron PPRC/INDIA 43
  45. 45.  Parsley  Spinach  Mustard  Watercress  Sea weeds  Irish moss  Spirilunia  Blue green alga  Wheat grass  Black currants  Grapes  Cherries  Strawberries  Black berries  Pumpkin  Lime PPRC/INDIA 44
  46. 46.  Alfalfa  Barley grass  White yam  Plantain  Banana  Pulse (Legumes)  Lentils  Black eye peas  Chick peas  Lime beans  Millets  Oat meal  Turnips  Almonds  Brussel sprouts  Raspberries PPRC/INDIA 45
  47. 47. Excellent blood purifiers  Strawberry leaf  Chapparal  Chick weed  Manjishtha  Cayenne  Elder berries  Ceracea  Oregon grape PPRC/INDIA 46
  48. 48. Some remedies Liquid oxygen drops Taking daily sea salt bath. If oxygen / ozone machines are available then take oxygen bath Use of hemative cleanser Malachite – use of green algae PPRC/INDIA 47
  49. 49. “BE WITH US” Thank You !!

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