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Onion

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Onion (Allium cepa) is the largest plant genera in the phytoworld. Total species are 600 - 920 and is considered as World's healthiest food. This presentation gives a detailed picture of its benefits and research being done on onions.

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Onion

  1. 1. Onion : Allium cepa L. The Science & Therapeutic value Presented by Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India
  2. 2. PPRC/INDIA 01
  3. 3. Onion : Allium cepa L.  Also known as Bulb onion / Common onion  Genera: Allium  Largest plant genera in the phyto-world  Total species: 600 - 920  World’s healthiest food PPRC/INDIA 02
  4. 4. Nu info  Colour: White, yellow, brown, red  Forms: Fresh Frozen Canned Pickled Chopped Caramelized PPRC/INDIA 03
  5. 5. About Onion  Family: Alliaceae  Fleshy, hollow cylindrical biennial plant  Grown as annual  Height: 15 – 45 cm  Seeds glossy, black triangular in cross section PPRC/INDIA 04
  6. 6. About Onion  Food source for millennia  Fan of hollow bluish green leaves and bulb at the base  First officially described by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753 PPRC/INDIA 05
  7. 7. Production of Onions in the world PPRC/INDIA 06 Sr. No. Country Production in metric tonnes 1 China 20507759 2 India 13372100 3 USA 3320870 4 Egypt 2208080 5 Iran 1922970
  8. 8. Production of Onions in the world PPRC/INDIA 07 Sr. No. Country Production in metric tonnes 6 Turkey 1900000 7 Pakistan 1701100 8 Brazil 1558000 9 Russia 1536300 10 Korea 1411650
  9. 9. Production of Onions in the world PPRC/INDIA 08 Total production in the world 74250809 Total onion producing countries 170 Area 3642000 ha
  10. 10. Nutritive value of Onion PPRC/INDIA 09 Sr. No. Item Value 1 Energy 166 KJ / 40 kCal 2 Carbohydrates 9.34 g 3 Sugars 4.24 g 4 Dietary fibres 1.7 g 5 Fat 0.1 g
  11. 11. Nutritive value of Onion PPRC/INDIA 10 Sr. No. Item Value 6 Proteins 1.1 g 7 Water 89.11 g 8 Thiamine (B1) 0.046 mg 9 Riboflavin (B2) 0.027 mg 10 Niacin (B3) 0.116 mg
  12. 12. Nutritive value of Onion PPRC/INDIA 11 Sr. No. Item Value 11 Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.123 mg 12 Vitamin B6 0.12 mg 13 Vitamin B9 19 microg 14 Vitamin C 7.4 mg 15 Calcium 23 mg 16 Iron 0.21 mg
  13. 13. Nutritive value of Onion PPRC/INDIA 12 Sr. No. Item Value 17 Magnesium 10 mg 18 Manganese 0.129 mg 19 Phosphorus 29 mg 20 Potassium 146 mg 21 Zinc 0.17 mg 22 Floride 1.1 microg
  14. 14. RECIPES Tasty, delicious & of Medicinal value PPRC/INDIA 13
  15. 15. Asparagus & spring onion tart PPRC/INDIA 14
  16. 16. PPRC/INDIA 15
  17. 17. Baked onions PPRC/INDIA 16
  18. 18. PPRC/INDIA 17
  19. 19. Baked sweet onion cheddar dip PPRC/INDIA 18
  20. 20. PPRC/INDIA 19
  21. 21. Bavarian beer onion soup PPRC/INDIA 20
  22. 22. PPRC/INDIA 21
  23. 23. Onion bhaji PPRC/INDIA 22
  24. 24. PPRC/INDIA 23
  25. 25. Buttery onion pull PPRC/INDIA 24
  26. 26. PPRC/INDIA 25
  27. 27. Caramelized onion chicken PPRC/INDIA 26
  28. 28. PPRC/INDIA 27
  29. 29. Caramelized onion flatbread PPRC/INDIA 28
  30. 30. PPRC/INDIA 29
  31. 31. Caramelized onion PPRC/INDIA 30
  32. 32. PPRC/INDIA 31
  33. 33. Cheese and spring onion omelette PPRC/INDIA 32
  34. 34. PPRC/INDIA 33
  35. 35. Cheese onion pie PPRC/INDIA 34
  36. 36. PPRC/INDIA 35
  37. 37. Creamed pearl onion PPRC/INDIA 36
  38. 38. PPRC/INDIA 37
  39. 39. Crispy onion fritters PPRC/INDIA 38
  40. 40. PPRC/INDIA 39
  41. 41. French fried onion PPRC/INDIA 40
  42. 42. PPRC/INDIA 41
  43. 43. French onion risotto PPRC/INDIA 42
  44. 44. PPRC/INDIA 43
  45. 45. French onion soup PPRC/INDIA 44
  46. 46. PPRC/INDIA 45
  47. 47. Green onion cake PPRC/INDIA 46
  48. 48. PPRC/INDIA 47
  49. 49. Grilled onion blossom PPRC/INDIA 48
  50. 50. PPRC/INDIA 49
  51. 51. Irish onion soup PPRC/INDIA 50
  52. 52. PPRC/INDIA 51
  53. 53. Onion bread PPRC/INDIA 52
  54. 54. PPRC/INDIA 53
  55. 55. Onion chutney PPRC/INDIA 54
  56. 56. PPRC/INDIA 55
  57. 57. Onion kulcha PPRC/INDIA 56
  58. 58. PPRC/INDIA 57
  59. 59. Onion pickle PPRC/INDIA 58
  60. 60. PPRC/INDIA 59
  61. 61. Onion pizza PPRC/INDIA 60
  62. 62. PPRC/INDIA 61
  63. 63. Onion potato casserole PPRC/INDIA 62
  64. 64. PPRC/INDIA 63
  65. 65. Onion rice PPRC/INDIA 64
  66. 66. PPRC/INDIA 65
  67. 67. Onion rings PPRC/INDIA 66
  68. 68. PPRC/INDIA 67
  69. 69. Onion samosa PPRC/INDIA 68
  70. 70. PPRC/INDIA 69
  71. 71. Onion sandwich PPRC/INDIA 70
  72. 72. PPRC/INDIA 71
  73. 73. Onion tatin PPRC/INDIA 72
  74. 74. PPRC/INDIA 73
  75. 75. Onion tomato chutney PPRC/INDIA 74
  76. 76. PPRC/INDIA 75
  77. 77. Paneer onion kulcha PPRC/INDIA 76
  78. 78. PPRC/INDIA 77
  79. 79. Onion paratha PPRC/INDIA 78
  80. 80. PPRC/INDIA 79
  81. 81. Pearl onion broccoli bake PPRC/INDIA 80
  82. 82. PPRC/INDIA 81
  83. 83. Pickled red onion jam PPRC/INDIA 82
  84. 84. PPRC/INDIA 83
  85. 85. Potato onion tortilla PPRC/INDIA 84
  86. 86. PPRC/INDIA 85
  87. 87. Red onion marmalade PPRC/INDIA 86
  88. 88. PPRC/INDIA 87
  89. 89. Roasted onion soup PPRC/INDIA 88
  90. 90. PPRC/INDIA 89
  91. 91. Salad PPRC/INDIA 90
  92. 92. PPRC/INDIA 91
  93. 93. Scallion cake PPRC/INDIA 92
  94. 94. PPRC/INDIA 93
  95. 95. Spring onion and tomato curry PPRC/INDIA 94
  96. 96. PPRC/INDIA 95
  97. 97. Spring onion upma PPRC/INDIA 96
  98. 98. PPRC/INDIA 97
  99. 99. Spring onion pakoda PPRC/INDIA 98
  100. 100. PPRC/INDIA 99
  101. 101. Swiss onion soup PPRC/INDIA 100
  102. 102. PPRC/INDIA 101
  103. 103. Onion tart PPRC/INDIA 102
  104. 104. PPRC/INDIA 103
  105. 105. Tomato onion loaf PPRC/INDIA 104
  106. 106. PPRC/INDIA 105
  107. 107. Ullipaya pulusu PPRC/INDIA 106
  108. 108. PPRC/INDIA 107
  109. 109. Vegetable stuffed onion PPRC/INDIA 108
  110. 110. PPRC/INDIA 109
  111. 111. Welsh onion cake PPRC/INDIA 110
  112. 112. PPRC/INDIA 111
  113. 113. Phyto-chemicals  Quercetin  Di, tri-sulfides  Vinyl dithiins  Folic acid  Sodium  Calcium PPRC/INDIA 112  Iron  Proteins  Magnesium  Vitamin C  Dietary fiber
  114. 114. Health benefits of onion PPRC/INDIA 113  Quercetin: prevention of cancer  Vitamin A: prevents eye diseases  Chromium: regulates blood sugar  Vitamin C: improves immunity  Produce good cholesterol (HDL) for healthy heart
  115. 115. Health benefits of onion PPRC/INDIA 114  Onion slices put on forehead reduces fever  Slows down nose bleeding  Useful in gastric ulcer  Juice for pain and burning sensation of insect / honey bee bite  Cures burnt skin
  116. 116. Health benefits of onion PPRC/INDIA 115  Insomnia: sleeping disorder beneficial  Arthritis: relief  Cure ear & eye problems  Increase insulin thereby good for diabetic patients  Improves digestion
  117. 117. Health benefits of onion PPRC/INDIA 116  Rejuvenating tissues  Good for memory – nervous system  Onion juice and honey immediate cure for fever, common cold, cough, sore throat and allergy  Helps cure skin infections
  118. 118. Health benefits of onion PPRC/INDIA 117  Reduces inflammation and heals infections  Prevents hair problems  Anti-ageing benefits  Good treatment for ‘Acne’  Lightens complexion  Treatment for dark spots & pigmentation
  119. 119. Research PPRC/INDIA 118  More pungent onions exhibit stronger anti- platelet activity  Platelet aggression is associated with arthritis cardio-vascular diseases heart attack and stroke
  120. 120. Research PPRC/INDIA 119  1 gm of dry onion / day for 4 weeks increased bone mineral content by 17% and mineral density by > 13% compared to animals fed a controlled diet
  121. 121. Research PPRC/INDIA 120  Experimental work is in progress worldwide on the effectiveness of “Quercetin” in curing diseases like Cataract, cardiovascular diseases, breast, colon, ovarian, gastric, lung, urinary bladder cancers
  122. 122. Research PPRC/INDIA 121  The effect of onion chemicals on human body and its role in enhancing sex hormone and reproductive behaviour  To study mechanism of the action of onion chemicals for controlling blood sugar in rats
  123. 123. Research PPRC/INDIA 122  Experiments conducted on animals to study the properties of onion e.g. anti- biotic, anti-septic, anti-microbial, anti- carminative, etc.
  124. 124. Research PPRC/INDIA 123  Immunity improvement by onion chemical taking animal model  Anti-ageing property of onion is a challenging field of Research
  125. 125. Simple and effective Home Remedies from ONION PPRC/INDIA 124
  126. 126. PPRC/INDIA 125  Dysentery: Mix 1 tbsp onion juice + 1 tbsp lemon juice in a cup of fresh water Take twice a day  Flatulence: Take along with food chutney made from onion, ginger and garlic  Appetite: Take a tbsp onion juice with a pinch of salt thrice a day
  127. 127. PPRC/INDIA 126  Vomiting: Take an onion and ginger juice twice a day  Acidity: Take onion with buttermilk twice a day in diet daily  TIP: Don’t take non-veg or heavy food. Take light food – rice, dal and green leafy vegetables
  128. 128. PPRC/INDIA 127  Worms: 1. Crush papaya seeds in onion juice, take thrice a day 2. Take onion juice with a pinch of salt 3. Take onion juice + mint juice + carrot juice (1:1:1 proportion)  Cough: Take Tulsi juice, ginger juice with onion juice
  129. 129. Thank You !! “BE WITH US”

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