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2013 01-29 -werby_crisis_mapping_ushahidi_slideshare_version

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  • CrisisMapping & Ushahidi presentation at “Streams, Gardens, and Clouds: Visualizing Dynamic Data for Engagement, Education and the Environment' event held by the Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society (CITRIS), University of California, Berkeley
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2013 01-29 -werby_crisis_mapping_ushahidi_slideshare_version

  1. 1. CrisisMapping & Olga Werby, Ed.D.
  2. 2. 2009 CREDIT: JEWEL SAMAD, AFP2010
  3. 3. CrisisMap of Haiti NECN News Coverage of Tufts University Students CrisisMapping of Haiti Post the 2010 Earthquake
  4. 4. Visit http://www.interfaces.com/blog/2011/01/micro-introduction-to-crisis-mapping/ to watch the video
  5. 5. Three Main Components of CrisisMapping• CrisisMap Sourcing (CMS): data point collection• CrisisMap Analysis (CMA): describing the data points & displaying them in a map-like structure• CrisisMap Response (CMR): generating action based on the collected data points
  6. 6. CrisisMap Sourcing (CMS)◦ CrisisMap Coding (CMC)—refers to entering the data points by hand, based on analysis of news, police reports, blogs, and so on, but the person entering the data is a professional◦ Participatory CrisisMapping (PCM)—refers to data points entered by the population in crisis, requires people on the ground◦ Mobile CrisisMapping (MCM)—refers to the use of hand- held mobile devices to enter data points (e.g.: cell phones, portable computers, PDAs, real-time satellite and drone imagery, etc.)◦ Automated CrisisMapping (ACM)—refers to the use of computer programs/algorithms to extract relevant data points from “the virtual cloud”
  7. 7. CrisisMap Analysis (CMA)◦ CrisisMapping Visualization (CMV)—refers to visual data representation using maps as the basis◦ CrisisMapping Analytics (CMA)—refers to analysis of data points using software to detect hidden patterns and statistical analysis◦ CrisisMapping Modeling (CMM)—refers to creating simulations using the data points as variables (think climate models)
  8. 8. CrisisMap Response (CMR)◦ CrisisMap Dissemination (CMD)—refers to dissemination of information to the relevant organizations who can actually provide services on the ground◦ CrisisMap Decision Support (CMDS)—refers to the creation of rules and triggers based on the data points: a certain threshold is set on events that, once reached, trigger a particular action (think pandemic)◦ CrisisMap Monitoring & Evaluation (CMME)—refers to the research that can be conducted using the maps and data points over time
  9. 9. Decision Scaffolding & CrisisMappingSmoke Signals fromEye-Witnesses
  10. 10. Decision Scaffolding & CrisisMappingNews Coverage &Data Gathering
  11. 11. Decision Scaffolding & CrisisMappingNews Coverage &Data Gathering
  12. 12. Decision Scaffolding & CrisisMappingStrategic Decisions onHow to Deliver Help
  13. 13. Decision Scaffolding & CrisisMappingStrategic Decisions onHow to Deliver Help
  14. 14. Information sources get “quality” ranking based on previous reliability. This is a reputation-based system for filtering data. Information Filter—Quality Control for Data Information Filter—Quality Control for Data Coming from the Blogosphere Coming from the Media & Reports Volunteers all over the world can help with clarifying the data, researching additional information, translation services, entering data—spreading the workload among willing and able individuals with ICT access. A common geocoded database is constructed based on ALL available data. Each data point can be tagged based on its quality, urgency, and needed response. A small set of “Control Room” individuals send out requests for data clarification & translation services, and tag the data. These volunteers have direct Eye-witness connection to the rescue operations on the ground accounts of the and to the social network of volunteers. event are shared with the world and directly with aide organizations & volunteers. People working on making strategic decisions for delivering aide to the local population work with a social network of volunteers Rescue and Aid Operations on the Ground and standardized crisis mapping database.& CrisisMapping
  15. 15. Outside data arrives in a language that is not spoken by individuals in dat service Outside data finds a the Aid Operations Control Center. a tr perfect fit into the Need data translation services to overcome the language barrier. ans s information flow of 2 lati Aid Operations Control Center. on 1 Aid Operations Control Center To make appropriate strategic decisions on how to best deliver aid on the ground, people need: 3 Outside data is 4Information missing a critical piece of information without which it is Outside data is not delivered in a timely manner. useless.Scaffolding & ing iss a m at 5 Quality of outside d data is suspectCrisisMapping leading to bad decisions on the ground.
  16. 16. Ushahidi can provide informational scaffolding to improve strategic decision making of rescue operations on the ground. Outside data arrives in a language that is not spoken by individuals in dat service Outside data finds a the Aid Operations Control Center. a tr perfect fit into the Need data translation services to overcome the language barrier. ans s information flow of 2 lati Aid Operations Control Center. on da 1 ta tr ser ansla vic tio dat service Volunteers can provide es n translation services, expanding a tr and contracting the workforce as ans s needs demand. lati dat s r er ans at on vi la ce tio n s Volunteers can research the ng ssi missing information and deliver mi ata it to crews on the ground. d missing Aid Operations Control Center data miss missing in data g data To make appropriate strategic decisions on how to best deliver aid on the ground, people need: Volunteers can research and track data, asking for clarifications and speeding up the processing of information to make it more timely. 3 Outside data is 4 missing a critical Outside data is not piece of delivered in aInformation information timely manner. without which it is useless. 5 ng ssi mi ata Quality of outsideScaffolding & d data is suspect leading to bad decisions on the ground. Volunteers can help with qualityCrisisMapping control by checking the data and providing verification of sources.
  17. 17. Notonline atthis time for privacy reasons
  18. 18. 100s of Ushahidi CrowdMaps documenting eventsLive CrisisMapping in Japan, all over the world...hours after the earthquake hit: Aerial view of the damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in Okuma, Japan, on Monday, March 14th, 2011
  19. 19. How Easy Is It? • Ushahidi runs its own servers — no need to setup complicated software system on your own server (at least for simple projects). • Ushahidi has comprehensive documentation and technical support — it’s possible to setup a CrowdMap in one afternoon! Ushahidi.com • Anyone can do it! wiki.Ushahidi.comIf you know what you want toaccomplish and have clear goals foryour CrowdMap, Ushahidi makes itvery easy to set up and go. LinkedIn.com/groups/Crowdmappers-4215298
  20. 20. CostOfChicken.com is a CrowdMap setup bySan Francisco high school students. It tracks the“true costs of food” around the world.
  21. 21. Use this CrowdMap as “sandbox” for trying Ushahidi

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