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Misuse of Small Parcels for Trade in Counterfeit Goods - Presentation of key findings.

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This joint OECD & EUIPO study examines the potential for the misuse of small parcels for trade in counterfeit and pirated goods. It presents the legal and economic contexts of the operation of express and postal services. For more information see oe.cd/fakes-small-parcels

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Misuse of Small Parcels for Trade in Counterfeit Goods - Presentation of key findings.

  1. 1. Misuse of Small Parcels for Trade in Counterfeit Goods Trade in fakes in small parcels: facts and trends
  2. 2. What do we know? OECD – EUIPO studies: Evidence for policymaking Set of studies: robust, factual, neutral Results: photographs of trade in counterfeit goods
  3. 3. Value of trade in counterfeits in 2013: $461bn Complex trade routes – misuse of modern logistical solutions 63% of total number of seizures: small parcels What do we know?
  4. 4. What do we know? Other (e.g. pedestrian, rail) 0% Road 8% Sea 8% Air 21% Mail 63% In terms of number of seizures small parcels dominate global trade of counterfeit and pirated goods…
  5. 5. What do we know? … and the size of shipments of fakes by small parcels is very small 1 item 53% 2- 10 items 26% >10 items 21%
  6. 6. Yes Difficult and costly enforcement - Lack of information - Lack of resources - Insufficient co-operation Is this a problem?
  7. 7. But markets for small parcels are booming. Domestic still dominates. Two digit growth rates in some countries Shipments are getting smaller and lighter. Context needed! What do we know?
  8. 8. Customs seizures (WCO, TAXUD, CBP) UPU data (postal) Eurostat data on trade in small parcels Data sources
  9. 9. Pictures 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Number of parcels, international service - dispatch (in log) Value of global customs seizures by mail (in log)
  10. 10. Pictures Industry - specific 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Toys and games (95) Clothing and textile fabrics (60-61) Perfumery and cosmetics (33) Jewellery (71) Leather articles and handbags (42) Watches (91) Electronics and electrical equipment (85) Optical, photographic and medical equipment (90) Footwear (64) Mail Air Rail Road, vehicles Sea
  11. 11. Pictures perfumes and cosmetics Air 6% Mail 51% Road, vehicles 28% Sea 15% 1 item 54% 2-5 items 13% 6-10 items 8% >10 items 25%
  12. 12. Pictures perfumes and cosmetics 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 90.0% Jordan Russia Thailand Malaysia Bulgaria Singapore Ukraine Turkey Hong Kong (China) China (People's Republic of) Share of customs seizures by mail Share of seized value by mail
  13. 13. Pictures perfumes and cosmetics
  14. 14. Pictures Toys and games Air 16% Mail 42% Pedestrian 0% Rail 0% Road 12% Sea 30% 1 item 59% 2-5 items 18% 6-10 items 4% 10 items 19%
  15. 15. Pictures Toys and games 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% Tunisia Korea Switzerland United States Philippines Pakistan Thailand Singapore Hong Kong (China) China (People's Republic of) Share of customs seizures by mail Share of seized value by mail
  16. 16. Pictures Toys and games
  17. 17. Conclusions Small parcels are misused in most sectors – effective way of smuggling Regional patterns– some economies “specialize” in illicit trade in fakes via small parcels : • China • Hong Kong (China) • Singapore, • Thailand • India • Turkey HK and Singapore – transit hubs
  18. 18. Thank you

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