Denver 9/27 Robin Kniech

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Presentation from Partners in Innovation National Symposium in Denver, CO on September 27, 2010.

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  • At the time we set out to do this survey, no such thing as the Interagency Partnership for Sustainable Communities – remember the administration in 2008... Were not focused on the pros and cons of federal policy, simply on best practices at the local level.
  • At least nine transit agencies have joint development policies that include affordable housing Six others have practices of including affordable units in projects even in the absence of written policy. Cities you don’t see on this map: Phoenix Salt Lake Dallas Twin Cities Didn’t talk to NYC
  • At least 3,408 affordable housing units have been created through transit agency joint development. At least 1,813 additional units were in various stages of planning and development at time of survey.
  • Success cannot be explained by Izo alone – influenced a number of agencies, but they went deeper or included more units than sometimes required by zoning.
  • Success cannot be explained by Izo alone – influenced a number of agencies, but they went deeper or included more units than sometimes required by zoning.
  • Success cannot be explained by Izo alone – influenced a number of agencies, but they went deeper or included more units than sometimes required by zoning.
  • Denver 9/27 Robin Kniech

    1. 1. Best Practices in Transit Agency Joint Development Presented by Robin Kniech, FRESC: Good Jobs, Strong Communities Survey & Report Co-Author Melinda Pollack, Enterprise Community Partners Partners in Innovation National Symposium Denver, Colorado - September 27, 2010
    2. 2. Survey Methodology <ul><li>Agencies with light rail in operation or planned for near future </li></ul><ul><li>Examined 24 in total </li></ul><ul><li>Public sources such as websites, attempted interviews with transit agency staff and sometimes city, developer, or other outside sources </li></ul><ul><li>Early 2008, updated at end of 2009 </li></ul>
    3. 3. Which Agencies Are Acting
    4. 4. Outcomes as of 2009
    5. 5. Why Transit Agencies Are Acting <ul><li>Transit agencies are unanimous: </li></ul><ul><li>Primary mission is transit, not affordable housing </li></ul><ul><li>Yet many actively promote affordable housing in policy and practice because it supports this mission through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased ridership (documented by Miami, Portland, others) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidation and/or shared parking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater place-making  greater overall success of joint-development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency through shared use spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreased paratransit costs due to greater accessibility (TriMet) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. How Agencies Are Achieving Results <ul><li>Tools: </li></ul><ul><li>Explicitly required in RFP </li></ul><ul><li>Open-ended in RFP, evaluation of responses considers affordability </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiation </li></ul><ul><li>Land swap </li></ul><ul><li>Land sale </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term land lease </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Public land = leverage </li></ul><ul><li>Federal policy evolving, likely carrots in the future for agencies thinking about enhancing their affordable focus and outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Agencies indicate a high degree of cooperation from developers when clear expectations are set early </li></ul>Opportunities
    8. 8. <ul><li>High parking replacement requirements can be cost-prohibitive (but lowering parking ratios at affordable units more palatable than at market-rate?) </li></ul><ul><li>Greater likelihood of success if agency can/will accept less than market rate for highest-best use – (Tri-met model, federal evaluation of regs underway) </li></ul><ul><li>On-going articulation of shared values and collaboration among transit agency, cities, and sometimes region or state is critical to success </li></ul>Challenges
    9. 9. <ul><li>Any elements of success or challenges from attendees who have been involved in these projects? </li></ul><ul><li>Relative importance of the transit joint development approach as compared to other affordable TOD strategies? </li></ul><ul><li>Role of federal policy in promoting more agencies to include affordable housing and/or making it easier to do affordable joint development? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulatory level? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within National Transportation Reform? </li></ul></ul>National Implications and Discussion Questions
    10. 10. Contact information <ul><li>Robin Kniech, rkniech@fresc.org </li></ul><ul><li>Melinda Pollack, mpollack@enterprisecommunity.org </li></ul><ul><li>Access our report: http://fresc.org/downloads/TransitDev.pdf . </li></ul>

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