Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Scissors & Paste, Edges & Nodes

553 views

Published on

A Paper Delivered at the 10th European Social Science History Conference at the University of Vienna, 24 April 2014. Accompanying Paper Can Be Read at http://mhbeals.com/multimodal/

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Scissors & Paste, Edges & Nodes

  1. 1. READ THIS PAPER ABOUT ME Scissors & Paste, Edges & Notes: Scottish Newspaper Networks, 1780-1840 M. H. Beals Sheffield Hallam University
  2. 2. Proliferation of Colonial and Provincial Presses • Spread of Journeyman Printers • Reduction of Stamp Duty New Profit Models • Entertaining Content and Advertisements to Attract Readers to Sell to Advertisers Manual Dissemination of News • Postal Exchange, Subscriptions, Correspondence • No Telegraph until 1840s; Not Used for Miscellany NETWORK NEWS, GEORGIAN STYLE
  3. 3. Rising Interest in Media History and the History of the Provincial Press Large-Scale Digitisation Project Growing Number of Early Careerists Advent of Crowdsourcing WHY NOW?
  4. 4. Identifying •Datelines (Source) •Sections (Topic / Source) •Attributions (Source) •In-Text References (Topic / Source) Creating Meta-Data Networks •Institutional Sources •Individual Sources •Geographic Sources TEXTUAL CLUES
  5. 5. INTER-TEXTUAL CLUES
  6. 6. Printed (No MRT) Digital (MRT) Cataloging / Limited Networks Creation of Metadata Regarding Article Characteristics and Network Clues Hunt for Specific Articles Based on Search Criteria to Create Case-Study Networks Transcriptions / Scissors-and-Paste Networks Create Detailed Transcriptions with Relevant Typesetting Metadata Correct OCR Data Manually or Through Replacement Protocols A MULTIMODAL APPROACH
  7. 7. </item> <id>001569</id> <newspaper_title>Glasgow Advertiser</newspaper_title> <newspaper_city>Glasgow</newspaper_city> <newspaper_province>Scotland</newspaper_province> <newspaper_country>United Kingdom</newspaper_country> <year>1794</year> <month>2</month> <day>7</day> <page_number>5</page_number> <section_name>London</section_name> <articletype>news</articletype> <keywords>Quakerism</keywords> <text> <page> <column> <paragraph> <line>The Quakers of America have addressed an</line> <line>humble Representation to the Legislative Body of</line> <line>that country, praying that exhibitions, Preludes,</line> <line>Interludes, yea, all <italics>lewds</italics> and stage-plays may be</line> <line>discountenanced, pointing out their pernicious ten-</line> <line>dency in corrupting the morals of the People.</line> </paragraph> </column> </page> </text> </item> MACHINE READABLE TRANSCRIPTIONS
  8. 8. • Identifying Likely Matches • Off-the-Shelf Software (Turn-it-In / WCopyFind / Juxta) • Matching Phrases and Grammatical Structures • Building Up Directionality Confidences • Raw Percentage of Matching Text • Chronological-Geographical Limitations • Truncation • Supplementary Text • Abbreviations • Mistakes PROGRAMMING PLAGIARISM
  9. 9. SCOTTISH NEWS NETWORKS (TOPIC)
  10. 10. SCOTTISH NEWS NETWORKS (TEXTUAL)
  11. 11. SCOTTISH NEWS NETWORKS (INTER-TEXTUAL)
  12. 12. SCOTTISH NEWS NETWORKS (INTER-TEXTUAL)
  13. 13. High-Level Languages •Easy to Acquire Syntax •Variety of Free Editors and a Large Open-Source Community •(Relatively) Slow •Support from other Historians (http://programminghistorian.org/) Low-Level Languages •(Relatively) Unnatural Syntax •Faster Processing •Free and Commercial Editors and Compilers THE PROGRAMMING HISTORIAN©
  14. 14. M. H. Beals Sheffield Hallam University READ THIS PAPER ABOUT ME

×