• act as a summary or reinforcement of the main points of what you read, heard or saw• an essential record of where information came from (for referencing purposes)• remind you of other things you should do to continue learning, e.g. sources to check out; action to take• useful for future revision purposes, for exams or writing assignments
• the first stage of the process of producing effective notes• a process that involves writing or recording what you hear or read in a descriptive way• during lectures, tutorials or seminar• copying notes from original resources seen, heard or read
• follows on from taking notes• happens wheni. You synthesize your reading from a number of sources on the same topic.ii. You summarize for yourself the connections in any reading or from any lecture.iii. You add your own critical comments to what you read or hear
• Both provides the student with material for easy reference, preparation and study during an exam• Both aids the student in remembering facts easier as it utilizes both reading and listening senses• Both have the same purpose that is for the student to excel in their studies• Both helps students concentrate better a n d more effectively
Note-taking Note-makingBrings no obvious improvement Making notes improve the skills intowards the skills in studying. study.Only jotting down points. Involve Helps student to see each point clearly along with its link orno sight interpretation. connection with each otherVery less changes are required. Easier to change the notes madeTaking points from one source on Involve the taking of points froma time. different sources.
Note-taking Note-makingLess understanding process Aimed in making note is that theinvolved, the aim is to take notes/ making of the notes must be in apoint way that helps students to understand the topic related betterPoints or notes were rewrite in full Making notes are often in shortform. Points given by sources are form (comprises only the maintaken straightly point or key words that may help the study process). process must involve the process of summarizing all the information within the points studied
Note-taking Note-makingTaking notes only gives the early Making notes should be able to helpsconfiguration for the whole topic. students in captured its main key.Overall structure cannot be show Showing of the overall structure ofclearly as it still in complex form. specific subject.Notes are made by sources. Only Constructed by the learner them self,hand-made can be applied since whether by hand-made or inthe time occurred can be limited. computer-typed form. Often in a most creative form so that the correlation to the brain ability in storing the facts become smooth.
The Cornell method provides a systematic formatfor condensing and organizing notes without laboriousrecopying. After writing the notes in the main space, usethe left-hand space to label each idea and detail with akey word or "clue."
Procedure:• Rule your paper with a 2 ½ inch margin on the left leaving a six-inch area on the right in which to make notes.• During class, take down information in the six-inch area. When the instructor moves to a new point, skip a few lines. After class, complete phrases and sentences as much as possible.• For every significant bit of information, write a clue in the left margin.• To review, cover your notes with a card, leaving the cues exposed. Say the clue out loud, then say as much as you can of the material underneath the card.• When you have said as much as you can, move the card and see if what you said matches what is written. If you can say it, you know it.
Advantages• Organized and systematic for recording and reviewing notes.• Easy format for pulling out major concept and ideas.• Simple and efficient.• Saves time and effort.
Dash or indented outlining is usually best except for somescience classes such as physics or math.• The information which is most general begins at the left with each more specific group of facts indented with spaces to the right.• The relationships between the different parts is carried out through indenting.• No numbers, letters, or Roman numerals are needed.
Procedure :1. Listening and then write in points in an organized pattern based on space indention.2. Place major points farthest to the left. Indent each more specific point to the right.3. Levels of importance will be indicated by distance away from the major point. Indention can be as simple as or as complex as labeling the indentations with Roman numerals or decimals. Markings are not necessary as space relationships will indicate the major/minor points.
Advantages:• Well-organized system if done right.• Outlining records content as well as relationships.• It also reduces editing and is easy to review by turning main points into questions.
Mapping is a method that usescomprehension/concentration skills and evolves in a note-takingform which relates each fact or idea to every other fact or idea.Mapping is a graphic representation of the content of a lecture.It is a method that maximizes active participation, affordsimmediate knowledge as to its understanding, and emphasizescritical thinking.
Advantages• This format helps you to visually track your lecture regardless of conditions.• Little thinking is needed and relationships can easily be seen.• It is also easy to edit your notes by adding numbers, marks, and color coding.• Review will call for you to restructure thought processes which will force you to check understanding.• Review by covering lines for memory drill and relationships.• Main points can be written on flash or note cards and pieced together into a table or larger structure at a later date.