Reading strategies


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Pre reading strategies for high school students

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  • Adapted Ms. Marinus
  • Purpose for reading can be = peer editing, hoa reading, socratic seminar reading, reading directions on how to set up your Nintendo Wii,
  • Reading strategies

    1. 1. AVIDMrs. Vinson
    2. 2. 1) Pre-read2) Read with a purpose in mind3) Participate in class with synthesis and questions about reading which teachers clarify, reinforce, and build upon.
    3. 3.  Pre-reading helps students get the “big picture.” By pre-reading, you get a sense of the structure, purpose, length, and difficulty level of a piece. This can help you know how much time to devote to it and the repetition of main points helps you understand and become more interested in the material!
    4. 4. Read the chapter title to get the main topic of the chapter.Read the chapter subtitle(s) to get an idea of the subtopics of the chapter.Read any questions or key words at the beginning of the chapter. They will guide you to see what is important in the chapter.
    5. 5. Read the intro or 1st paragraph of the chapter to get an idea of what material will be covered.Read each boldfaced subheading to get the main idea. If it is just a transition or grabber, go to the 2nd sentence to see if that is the topic sentence.
    6. 6.  Look for boldfaced type or italics; these are usually key words that you will need to be able to define. Look over any of the visual aids. Watch for material that is number 1,2,3; lettered a,b,c; or presented in list form. Also graphs, charts, pictures, diagrams, and maps are put in to help you understand what is important in the chapter.
    7. 7. Read the last paragraph or summary to get a condensed view of the chapter and the most important ideas.Read quickly any end-of-chapter material such as study questions and vocabulary lists. These are materials you need to know.
    8. 8.  1st sentence exercise just read the first sentence of each paragraph You should be able to get the gist of the article!
    9. 9.  Annotate!
    10. 10.  Take Cornell notes • Use your pre-reading as a guide on the left hand side of the CN • Fill in information from reading on the right hand side. • This offers a study and question guide even before the teacher’s lecture.
    11. 11. • Cornell note taking stimulates critical thinking skills.• Note taking helps students remember what is said in class.• A good set of notes can help students work on assignments and prepare for tests outside of the classroom.
    12. 12. First & Last Name Class Title Topic Period DateQuestions,Subtitles,Headings, Class NotesEtc. 2 1/2” 3 to 4 sentence summary across the bottom of the last page of the day’s notes
    13. 13. Questions, Don’t forget the heading:subtitles, Name, Class, Period, Date, Topicetc. go here,in the lefthand column.Remember,we want Notes go here, in thehigher level large right hand column.criticalthinkingquestions. A 3 to 4 sentence summary down there on the bottom of the last page of notes
    14. 14. Subject: Why take Cornell notes? Date: 11/20/01 PROCESS Main Ideas (input) (output) Can be used to provide an outline of chapter or lecture.How can Organized by main ideas and details.Cornell notes Can be as detailed as me Sequential- take notes as they are given by instructor or - text in an orderly fashion.organize my After class, write a summary of what you learned toideas? clarify and reinforce learning and to assist retention. Can be used as study tool:Which side for 1. Define terms or explain concepts listed on left side.diagrams? 2. Identify the concept or term on the right side.Why use Can be used to provide a "big picture" of the chapter orconcept maps? lecture. Organized by main ideas and sub-topics Limited in how much detail you can represent. Simultaneous- you can use this method for instructors who jump around from topic to topic. After class, you can add questions to the left sideWhat are the Can be used as a study tool to get a quick overview --benefits to me? and to determine whether you need more information or need to concentrate your study on specific topics.
    15. 15. Subject: Notetaking Date: 11/20/01Summary: There are a couple of ways that you can take notes. The Cornellmethod is best when the information is given in a sequential, orderlyfashion and allows for more detail. The semantic web/concept mapmethod works best for instructors who skip around from topic totopic, and provides a "big picture" when youre previewingmaterials or getting ready to study for a test. • Summary is added at the end of ALL note pages on the subject (not page) • Summary added AFTER questions are finished • Summary should answer the problem stated in the subject.
    16. 16.  (Overview: quickly scan) (Establish a purpose) (toanswer questions) (answers to questions with the book closed) (Take notes!) (at short intervals)
    17. 17. P = Purpose • What is the point of the reading? A= Audience • Who is intended to read this? P= Persona • Author’s perspective, character archetype, historical context A= Argument • What is the author trying to change/persuade?
    18. 18. Be an Active Reader• Think about the reading – Consider how the parts relate to the whole; how the text relates to previous ideas – Create questions about new words/ terms, why emphasized points are important – Examine what you have learned from visuals
    19. 19. Be Aware of Textbook Organization• Look for the pattern in elements like chapter /subsection headings, summary points, graphics• Know where to find the index and glossary
    20. 20. Use the text style to identify important points• Become familiar with the font, symbols, borders, graphics, colors, and layout that highlight main ideas or terms• Be alert to the writers goal: highlight ideas/ references /opinions that seem significant to their point of view
    21. 21. Take notes while reading• Include headings, key terms, & graphics• Take down only the important ideas: brief, but clear• Summarize in your own words• Use symbols to highlight for review• Use textbook review questions to develop study questions
    22. 22. Review textbook notes• Identify main ideas• Fill in details for better understanding• Identify unclear information and/or questions - collaborate for answers• Delete unnecessary information• Review note organization; add symbols or rewrite• Write a summary
    23. 23.  Make note of:SymbolsImagesFigurative LanguageTheme
    24. 24. Speaker says: “Hippocrates, aGreek who is considered to be theFather of modern medicine, wasBorn on the island of Cos in460 B.C.”Notes say: “Hippocrates (Gr.)Father of med. B. Cos 460BC”
    25. 25. • Use discussion topics/questions organize your notes• Use symbols for important ideas• Include your own responses in notes• Develop questions to review later• Add references to other material as they come to mind
    26. 26. Make use of the format• Cover the right side of your notes; review and answer study questions from the left using the right side as an answer key• Quiz yourself out loud• Cover the right side with blank paper; write out answers to the left column study questions
    27. 27. Write!• Write summaries of the most important material in the summary/reflection section• Write a quiz for others using notes; exchange and correct• Write anticipated test questions beyond those already in the left-hand column and write answers
    28. 28. Review• Look over notes frequently to keep information and questions still unanswered fresh in mind• Recite information from notes
    29. 29. Study in a Group• Exchange notes with others to flesh out information and understanding• Use notes in study groups to provide a common ground of material for reference and review• Rewrite notes if necessary
    30. 30. Draw the problemUnderline and list known and unknown variablesFind the FormulaAlgebra to solve for unknownCircle the solution