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Gernika bombing!


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Gernika bombing!

  1. 2. Index Presentation Gernika before the bombing! The Bombing 1 The aircraft involved The material used <ul>“ Guernica” picture </ul>The Bombing 2 <ul>The objective </ul><ul>The dead </ul>
  2. 3. <ul>Gernika`s Bombing! </ul><ul>The bombing of Guernica (April 26, 1937) was an aerial attack on the Basque town of Guernica, causing widespread destruction and civilian deaths during the Spanish Civil War. The raid by planes of the German Luftwaffe &quot;Condor Legion&quot; and the Italian Fascist Aviazione Legionaria was called Operation Rügen. </ul>
  3. 4. <ul>Gernika had about 7,000 inhabitants and would have another 3,000 more refugees fleeing the war. There were also two battalions in Gernika, but on 26 April 1937 was market day and a half holiday, and not expecting anything of what happened next. </ul><ul>Gernika before the bombing ! </ul>
  4. 5. <ul>  Nobody thought that when, at four-thirty, the bell tower of the church began to ring alarm meant air. People ran for shelter and animals in the square were left alone. There were numerous shelters in Gernika-enabled after the bombing case who suffered Durango on March 31, but many basements were protected by sandbags simple and did little for what happened later. Shortly after ringing the bell came a Heinkel 111 and pitched six medium caliber bombs which fell near the station moments later there was another Heinkel that bombed the same area this time using machine guns against the people. </ul><ul>The Bombing </ul>
  5. 6. <ul>By not occur just in 15 minutes, people began to leave the shelters, but it was then that began to arrive Junker 52 which emptied its load of bombs by groups of a ton each time on the city. During two and a half squadrons composed of three to twelve Heinkel 111 type aircraft and bombed Gernika Junker 52 until it completely destroyed. A seven-forty-five minutes he was the last plane. Gernika had ceased to exist. </ul>
  6. 7. <ul>The aircraft involved </ul><ul>The aircraft involved would be between 45 and 50 in multiple passes, broken down as follows:   1 Dornier 17 (twin-engine bomber pilot) 3 Savoias 79 (Italian)    2 Heinkel 111    Junker 3 squadrons of 52 (twelve-aircraft squadron)    Heinkel 51 fighters    (participate between 125 and 140 airmen) </ul>
  7. 8. <ul>The material used </ul><ul>The material used was explosive bombs of 50 and 250 kilos and firebombs than 1 kilo. Approximate weight of firebombing would total 3,000 and explosives would be downloaded on the city of 50,000 kilos. </ul>
  8. 9. <ul>The objective </ul><ul>The aim was to destroy the bridge Renteria, or at least that was the excuse, but it is pointless using 50,000 kilos of more than 3,000 bombs and incendiaries to destroy a bridge. Goering later claim that Guernica was a testing ground for the Luftwaffe. But Franco and the Germans denied the bombing from the outset because it did not matter who knew what really happened. </ul>
  9. 10. <ul>The dead </ul><ul>  About the dead much has been said, from astronomical amounts of up to 5,000 deaths a few. But no one knows for sure how many were because there were many people passing through and when the counting must not be made because of no interest to the Franco regime has always denied the bombing saying Gernika was burned by the militia before leaving Gernika. Yet the number of deaths does not seem very high, today accepted the number of about 250 from a population of 6,000. </ul>
  10. 11. <ul>“ Guernica” picture </ul><ul>To remember that disgrace the famous painter Picasso painted &quot;Guernica“ . </ul>
  11. 12. <ul>The end! </ul>