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Manual Testing with Examples

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  1. 1. Example For Quality Enter Text here: abc ok Please enter valid data
  2. 2. Enter Text here: abc123 OK Please enter valid data Summary for above two Examples The Application should be prepared according to client’s requirements and it should be User-Friendliness.
  3. 3. Project taken by the Organization in a procedural way... BOA Requirements TCS Infosys IBM Tech Mahindra DSS RFP Client
  4. 4. Contents of RFP Full form of RFP : Request for Proposal Document Contents : 1) Introduction 2) Cost 3) Experience 4) Resources 5) Approach 6) Methodologies ....etc
  5. 5. Selected BOA DSS The Official People of both the companies will meet to finalize the agreement. For finalizing they will sign on Documents. SLA Service level Agreement SOW Statement of work
  6. 6. SDLC Phases 1) Initial or Requirement phase 2) Analysis Phase 3) Design Phase 4) Coding Phase 5) Testing Phase 6) Release & Maintenance
  7. 7. Where exactly Testing will be started 1) UnConventional Testing 2) Conventional Testing Unconventional Testing : The person will test the application whether this application is going according to company standards are not. Here the person is QA(Quality Analyst) Conventional Testing : The person will test the application whether this application is according to clients requirements or not. Here the person is Software Test Engineer.
  8. 8. Testing Methodologies : There are two types of testing methodologies. 1) Black Box Testing 2) White Box Testing There is one more which is derived from above two methodologies. i.e Gray Box Testing. Black Box Testing : The people who performs testing only on the functional part of the application is called as Black Box test Engineers.
  9. 9. White Box Testing : The people who test the structural part of the application i.e Coding part is known as White Box Testing. > Usually developers are White Box Test Engineers. Gray Box testing : The people who test the Functional and Structural part of the application is known as Gray Box Testing.
  10. 10. Levels of Testing Different Levels of Testing are : 1) Unit Level Testing 2) Module level Testing 3) Integration level Testing 4) System level Testing 5) User acceptance Testing Unit Level Testing :  Unit is defined as a Smallest part of the program in an application.
  11. 11.  These will be performed by developers where they will test each and every unit of an application(i.e coding) and combination of units. Different ways of unit testing are : 1) Structural Testing 2) Conditional Testing 3) Branch Testing
  12. 12. Module Level Testing :  Combining more than one functionality to perform a major task of related feature to test is known as Module Level Testing  These will be performed by Software Test Engineers. City GOA HYD Others Select Location here : OK
  13. 13. Example 2 City GOA HYD Others Select Location here : OK Enter Location name : PUNE OK
  14. 14. Select Location here : City GOA HYD PUNE Others OK
  15. 15. 3) Integration Level Testing : Combining all the modules of a project by using different approaches. The approaches are : 1) Top-Down Approach 2) Bottom- Up Approach 3) Hybrid Approach 4) Big bang Integration 1) Top-Down Approach : Combining the modules from top(i.e parent) level to bottom(i.e Child) level is known as Top-down Approach.
  16. 16. A B C D E F G From top to Bottom Parent Module Stub Stub : In Top-Down approach if any original module is replaced With dummy module that module we will call it as Stub.
  17. 17. Bottom-Up Approach : Combining the modules from child level to parent level is known as Bottom-up approach. A B C Parent Module D E F G Driver From Bottom to Top Child Module
  18. 18. Hybrid Approach : Combination of both the approaches is known as Hybrid approach. Big Bang Integration : Combining all the modules at a time after Preparing the modules is known as Big bang Integration. System Level Testing : Testing each and every functionality of the application where we will perform all the types of testing is known as system level testing.
  19. 19. Software Development Models Water Fall Model or Linear Sequential Model Initial Analysis Design Coding Testing R & M Phases Cost Cost of a bug phase by phase
  20. 20. Initial Analysis Design When ever Requirements are added In the middle again the process Should start from first. Coding Testing R & M
  21. 21. ENVIRONMENT Present Layer Validations Appropriate data Database Layer Request Request Applicati-on Layer Response Response Displaying data There are 4 types of architectures : 1) 1-Tier Architecture 2) 2-Tier Architecture 3) 3-Tier Architecture 4) n-Tier Architecture
  22. 22. Environment in the Organization for a project Dev Environment Test Environment Production Environment D1 D2 D3 T1 T2 T3 P1 Build 1 released Build 1(Defects)
  23. 23. Dev Environment Test Environment Production Environment D1 D2 D3 T1 T2 T3 P1 Build 1000 released Build 1000 (No Bugs found) Deploying Build 1000
  24. 24. Types of Testing 1) Build Verification Testing or Build Acceptance Testing or Sanity Testing Conditions for accepting the Build : 1) Build Installation. 2) Navigating through pages. 3) Features Availability. 4) Required connections are properly established or not. If all these conditions are satisfied then we will continue with Normal testing.
  25. 25. Sanity Testing : After releasing the build the testing will be performed on some major functionalities to accept the build is known as Sanity Testing. Smoke Testing : Before releasing the build the developers will test the application that is known as Smoke testing. 2) Regression Testing : It is a type of testing in which one will perform testing on the already tested functionality again with there dependencies. Usually we do it in two scenarios.  Whenever we raise the defects to the development department, once the next build is released we will test the defect functionality as well as the related functionality again and again.  Whenever some new features added (incorporated) to application, When next build is released to the testing department then all the related features of the new features will be tested once again.
  26. 26. Example for Regression Testing Calculator V1 1 V2 2 Res 3 ADD SUB MUL
  27. 27. V1 1 V2 2 Res 30 ADD SUB MUL Clicking on SUB V1 1 V2 2 Res 300 ADD SUB MUL Clicking on MUL
  28. 28. Retesting : Username : abc Password : abc OK Cancel Username : abcd Password : abcd OK Cancel
  29. 29. Definition : Testing the application again and again with different set of values is known as Retesting. Alpha Testing : It is a type of user acceptance testing conducted in the software company by our test engineers in front of client to make him accept. Example : Project or Product Beta Testing : It is a type of testing conducted by the End users or third party experts or clients before releasing to Client is known as beta Testing. Example : Product
  30. 30. Static Testing : Usernane : Passward : Cancel Login Definition : Without performing any actions on the application while testing is known as Static Testing
  31. 31. Dynamic Testing : Here we will perform some actions on the application to test the functionality whether it is according to client requirement. Example : Functionality Testing Installation Testing :-It is a type of testing in which one will install the application into the environment by following the guidelines provided in the deployment document. In-order to come to a conclusion whether those guidelines are perfectly suitable for installing the application or not. Compatibility Testing:- It is a type of testing in which one will install the application into the number of environments prepared with different combinations in-order to confirm whether the application is suitable with all those environments or not. Usually the type of testing is compulsory for products rather than projects. EX:- Testing the application with different browsers(Netscape Navigator, Mozilla Firefox, Internet explorer).