Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Transdisciplinarity by complexity thinkingWolfgang HofkirchnerAssociate Professor, Vienna University of TechnologyPresiden...
Contents1 Natural sciences and social and human sciences1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciences1.2 Naturalism v...
1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesI monodisciplinarity:subsumption underthe natural(reduction)natural scie...
1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesII monodisciplinarity:subsumption underthe social and human(projection)n...
1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesIIIa multidisciplinarity:addition of independent fields(disjunction)+natu...
1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesIIIb interdisciplinarity:"Bindestrichwissenschaft"(disjunction cum inter...
1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesIV transdisciplinarity:natural sciences integratedwith social and humans...
1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesnatural sciences social and humansciencesIV transdisciplinarity:natural ...
1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesmeta-levelgeneralspecificnatural sciences social and humansciencesIV tran...
1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesscience ofnatural systemsscience ofsocial and humansystemsmeta-levelgene...
1.2 Naturalism vs. culturalismnature culturenaturalismnaturalismculturalismculturalismculturalismculturalismemergentistsys...
ways ofthinkingreductionismprojectivismdisjunctivismintegrativismrelationship betweenlower and higher complexityrelationsh...
3 Sciencephilosophyreal-world sciencesnatural sciences(physics incl. cosmology,chemistry, biology, part ofpsychology, etc....
systemsphilosophyformalsystemsscience(methodo-logy)science ofreal-world systemsscience ofmaterial(physi-cal)systemsscience...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Wolfgang Hofkirchner: Transdisciplinarity by complexity thinking

556 views

Published on

Ponencia del curso de formación: "La Universidad frente a un mundo complejo - estrategias científicas y docentes para confrontar la complejidad", Universidad de León, 15 de mayo de 2013

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Wolfgang Hofkirchner: Transdisciplinarity by complexity thinking

  1. 1. Transdisciplinarity by complexity thinkingWolfgang HofkirchnerAssociate Professor, Vienna University of TechnologyPresident, Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (www.bcsss.org)President Elect, International Society for Information Studies (www.is4is.org)15 – 17 May 2013, Universidad de León
  2. 2. Contents1 Natural sciences and social and human sciences1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciences1.2 Naturalism vs. culturalism2 Four ways of thinking3 Science
  3. 3. 1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesI monodisciplinarity:subsumption underthe natural(reduction)natural sciences social and humansciences
  4. 4. 1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesII monodisciplinarity:subsumption underthe social and human(projection)natural sciences social and humansciences
  5. 5. 1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesIIIa multidisciplinarity:addition of independent fields(disjunction)+natural sciences social and humansciences
  6. 6. 1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesIIIb interdisciplinarity:"Bindestrichwissenschaft"(disjunction cum interaction)natural sciences social and humansciences
  7. 7. 1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesIV transdisciplinarity:natural sciences integratedwith social and humansciences(integration)natural sciences social and humansciences
  8. 8. 1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesnatural sciences social and humansciencesIV transdisciplinarity:natural sciences integratedwith social and humansciences(integration) meta-levelgeneralspecific
  9. 9. 1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesmeta-levelgeneralspecificnatural sciences social and humansciencesIV transdisciplinarity:natural sciences integratedwith social and humansciences(integration)
  10. 10. 1.1 Natural sciences and social and human sciencesscience ofnatural systemsscience ofsocial and humansystemsmeta-levelgeneralIV transdisciplinarity:natural sciences integratedwith social and humansciences(integration)specificsystemstheory
  11. 11. 1.2 Naturalism vs. culturalismnature culturenaturalismnaturalismculturalismculturalismculturalismculturalismemergentistsystemismemergentistsystemismculture reduced to nature (monism)culture reduced to nature (monism)sufficient condition necessary resultculture projected onto nature (monism)culture projected onto nature (monism)necessary result sufficient conditionculture disjoined from nature (dualism)culture disjoined from nature (dualism)independent independentculture integrated with nature (dialectics)culture integrated with nature (dialectics)necessary conditioncontingent emergent,downward causation
  12. 12. ways ofthinkingreductionismprojectivismdisjunctivismintegrativismrelationship betweenlower and higher complexityrelationship betweenidentity and difference;unification or diversificationreduces higher complexity tolower complexityidentity without differenceprojects higher complexity ontolower complexity identity without differencedisjoins higher complexity fromlower complexity difference without identityintegrates lower with highercomplexity and differentiatesbetween them unity of identity and difference2 Four ways of thinking
  13. 13. 3 Sciencephilosophyreal-world sciencesnatural sciences(physics incl. cosmology,chemistry, biology, part ofpsychology, etc.)formalsciences(logics,mathe-matics)social andhumansciencesgeneralspecificengineering,applied ortechnologicalsciences aswell as arts(e.g.computerandinformationscience)science of contemporary societyGeneralSystemTheory
  14. 14. systemsphilosophyformalsystemsscience(methodo-logy)science ofreal-world systemsscience ofmaterial(physi-cal)systemsscience ofliving(biotic)systemsscience ofhuman(social)systemsgeneralspecificscience ofartificialsystemsdesignscience of theworld system in statu nascendi3 Science

×