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Welcome to our Bible Study
15th
Sunday in Ordinary Time C
10 July 2016
In preparation for this Sunday’s Liturgy
As aid in ...
1st
reading: Deut 30:10-14
 10 Moses said to the people, “if only you heed the voice
of the LORD, your God, and keep his ...
Textual Context of Deut 30,10-14
 Part I Historical Review and Exhortation (1.1—4.43)
 Part II God and His Covenant (4,4...
1st
reading: Deut 30,10-14
 10 Moses said to the people, “if
only you heed the voice of the
LORD, your God, and keep his
...
Reflections on the 1st
reading
 The Christian must be a good listener to the voice of
God, and must also be a good implem...
Resp. Ps. 69:14. 17. 30-31. 33-
34. 36. 37
 R. (cf. 33) Turn to the Lord in your need, and you will live.
14 I pray to yo...
Resp. Ps. 69:14, 17, 30-31, 33-34, 36, 37
R. (cf. 33) Turn to the Lord in your need, and
you will live.
14 I pray to you, ...
Reflection on the Psalm
 When we are troubled and in pain, we must pray to
God, like the psalmist.
 When we pray, we mus...
2nd
reading: Colossians 1:15-20
 15 Christ Jesus is the image of the invisible God, the
firstborn of all creation. 16 For...
2nd
reading: Colossians 1,15-20
Identity of Jesus (expressed in the verb “to be”)
 15 Christ Jesus is the image of the in...
Textual Context of Col 1,15-20
Outline of Harrington
Greeting (1:1-2)
Thanksgiving (1:3-8)
Petition (1:9-11)
Part One: Doc...
2nd
reading: Colossians 1,15-20
Identity of Jesus (expressed in the verb “to
be”)
 15 Christ Jesus is the image of the in...
Reflections on the 2nd
reading
 Christ Jesus is not an ordinary human being or creature.
 Jesus Christ is the reason for...
Gospel reading: Luke 10:25-37
 25 There was a scholar of the law (who could it be?
Certainly he is a scribe) who stood up...
 27 He said in reply, "You shall love the Lord, your
God, with all your heart, with all your being, with
all your strengt...
 30 Jesus replied (with a parable called the Parable of the
Good Samaritan), "A man fell victim to robbers (like
Barabbas...
 33 But a Samaritan traveler (foreigner, enemy
of the Jews, not expected to show sympathy to
them) who came upon him was ...
 35 The next day he took out two silver coins
(denarii, two days wage) and gave them to the
innkeeper with the instructio...
 36 Which of these three, in your opinion, was
neighbor to the robbers' victim?" (Jesus’ question
changes the meaning of ...
Textual Context of Luke 10,25-37
 Journey to Jerusalem:  9:51—
19:27
 Luke 10,1-12 Mission of the 70
 Luke 10,13-16 Woe...
Reflections on the gospel
 Jesus is a good teacher, even to the scholar, who
approaches him with bad motivation.
 Jesus ...
Tying the 3 readings and the
Psalm
 The first reading talks about keeping the
commandments of God.
 The psalm
 The seco...
How to develop your sharing / homily
 Tell your story how you follow instructions.
 It is cumbersome to understand rules...
 The first reading is emphatic on heeding the
commandments of the Lord.
 We, Christians, must learn the commandments
of ...
 If we dig deeper into the theology of the Old Testament,
we keep the commandments because it is part of our
being covena...
 The second reading teaches us the primacy of
Christ.
 We should not take him for granted.
 As his followers, we must g...
 The gospel reading teaches us to obey God’s
commandment of love.
 We are supposed to love God and our
neighbor.
 We ca...
 The parable of the Good Samaritan teaches us how to
love.
 To love is to rescue the victim and the needy. (not to
ignor...
 What happens if we do not follow any precept or if
we don’t love?
 We cannot form a community, a family.
 We do not li...
 Now, if we love, it must be total. God demands
complete and high quality love from us. “Love
God with all your soul and ...
Again we take a look at the concrete steps the
Samaritan had taken.
The Good Samaritan (vv.33-34)
 approached the victim ...
 In our communities and parishes, we should not
act like “robbers.”
 We rob other ministers of their schedules and
their...
 Instead, let us be good Samaritans for those who
are battered, victimized and violated.
 - victims of sexual abuse, hum...
 The eucharist is for those who are committed to love God
and neighbor.
 The eucharist is a sacrament of love, communion...
Our Context of Sin and Grace
 Unloving, predatory
 Legalistic, ruled by rules,
not by love
 Rugged individualists
 Kad...
Suggested Songs
 Alay Kapwa Songs
 Paano Namin Masasabi
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WVN-MThZQDs
 Pananagutan
 Sa ...
 Dear sisters and brothers,

 Let us learn to be good Samaritans.

 Fr. Cielo
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15th Sunday C

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Dear sisters and brothers,

Let us learn to be good Samaritans.

Fr. Cielo

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15th Sunday C

  1. 1. Welcome to our Bible Study 15th Sunday in Ordinary Time C 10 July 2016 In preparation for this Sunday’s Liturgy As aid in focusing our homilies and sharing Prepared by Fr. Cielo R. Almazan, OFM
  2. 2. 1st reading: Deut 30:10-14  10 Moses said to the people, “if only you heed the voice of the LORD, your God, and keep his commandments and statutes that are written in this book of the law, when you return to the LORD, your God, with all your heart and all your soul. 11 "For this command which I enjoin on you today is not too mysterious and remote for you. 12 It is not up in the sky, that you should say, 'Who will go up in the sky to get it for us and tell us of it, that we may carry it out?' 13 Nor is it across the sea, that you should say, 'Who will cross the sea to get it for us and tell us of it, that we may carry it out?' 14 No, it is something very near to you, already in your mouths and in your hearts; you have only to carry it out. The focus is on heeding the commandments of God.
  3. 3. Textual Context of Deut 30,10-14  Part I Historical Review and Exhortation (1.1—4.43)  Part II God and His Covenant (4,44—11,32)  Part III Exposition of the Law (12,6—26,19  Part IV Final Words of Moses (27,1—34,12)
  4. 4. 1st reading: Deut 30,10-14  10 Moses said to the people, “if only you heed the voice of the LORD, your God, and keep his commandments and statutes that are written in this book of the law, when you return to the LORD, your God, with all your heart and all your soul. 11 "For this command which I enjoin on you today is not too mysterious and remote for you. 12 It is not up in the sky, that you should say, 'Who will go up in the sky to get it for us and tell us of it, that we may carry it out?' 13 Nor is it across the sea, that you should say, 'Who will cross the sea to get it for us and tell us of it, that we may carry it out?' 14 No, it is something very near to you, already in your mouths and in your hearts; you have only to carry it out. Commentary  The Book of Deuteronomy repeats the commandments in the Book of Exodus.  The reading reiterates on heeding the voice of God // keeping his commandments (v.10)  V.11 claims that God’s commands are clear and can easily be understood.  Not too mysterious (not ineffable)  Not too remote (not out of this world)  Vv.12-13 follow up the previous verse. You don’t need to do the impossible in order to be instructed of God’s commands (No one needs to go up to the sky / or go across the sea to find out God’s will or to carry it out).  The reading allows no excuses for ignorance of God’s law and for not obeying.  V.14 indicates the familiarity of God’s command to the mouths and hearts of the Israelites. Just do it!
  5. 5. Reflections on the 1st reading  The Christian must be a good listener to the voice of God, and must also be a good implementor.  We must take God’s commands seriously.  Obedience is the name of the game. It is a reminder that someone is higher than us.  God’s commandments keep our relationship with God and with other people on the right track.  Without heeding God’s commands, we live chaotic lives and never in harmony with one another.
  6. 6. Resp. Ps. 69:14. 17. 30-31. 33- 34. 36. 37  R. (cf. 33) Turn to the Lord in your need, and you will live. 14 I pray to you, O LORD, for the time of your favor, O God! In your great kindness answer me with your constant help. 17 Answer me, O LORD, for bounteous is your kindness: in your great mercy turn toward me. 30 I am afflicted and in pain; let your saving help, O God, protect me. 31 I will praise the name of God in song, and I will glorify him with thanksgiving. 33 “See, you lowly ones, and be glad; you who seek God, may your hearts revive! 34 For the LORD hears the poor, and his own who are in bonds he spurns not.” 36 For God will save Zion and rebuild the cities of Judah. 37 The descendants of his servants shall inherit it, and those who love his name shall inhabit it.
  7. 7. Resp. Ps. 69:14, 17, 30-31, 33-34, 36, 37 R. (cf. 33) Turn to the Lord in your need, and you will live. 14 I pray to you, O LORD, for the time of your favor, O God! In your great kindness answer me with your constant help. 17 Answer me, O LORD, for bounteous is your kindness: in your great mercy turn toward me. 30 I am afflicted and in pain; let your saving help, O God, protect me. 31 I will praise the name of God in song, and I will glorify him with thanksgiving. 33 “See, you lowly ones, and be glad; you who seek God, may your hearts revive! 34 For the LORD hears the poor, and his own who are in bonds he spurns not.” 36 For God will save Zion and rebuild the cities of Judah. 37 The descendants of his servants shall inherit it, and those who love his name shall inhabit it. Commentary  The psalm is classified as individual lament.  In vv.14 and 17, the psalmist prays hard to God for help.  V. 30 states the condition of the psalmist: afflicted and in pain.  In v.31, the psalmist anticipates what he will do when God answers him.  Vv.33-34 contain his song in answer to God’s kindness.  V.36 indicates a bigger context in which the psalmist finds himself: Zion (Jerusalem) and Judah.  V.37 hopes God’s servants will repossess it.
  8. 8. Reflection on the Psalm  When we are troubled and in pain, we must pray to God, like the psalmist.  When we pray, we must anticipate God’s positive answer to us.  We must plan to celebrate.  When we pray, we look at our bigger context which causes our misery.  We pray that God will liberate our nation from evil and make people occupy their land and enjoy freedom.
  9. 9. 2nd reading: Colossians 1:15-20  15 Christ Jesus is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. 16 For in him were created all things in heaven and on earth, the visible and the invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; all things were created through him and for him. 17 He is before all things, and in him all things hold together. 18 He is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things he himself might be preeminent. 19 For in him all the fullness was pleased to dwell, 20 and through him to reconcile all things for him, making peace by the blood of his cross (through him), whether those on earth or those in heaven. The focus is on the primacy of Christ.
  10. 10. 2nd reading: Colossians 1,15-20 Identity of Jesus (expressed in the verb “to be”)  15 Christ Jesus is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. Prepositions  16 For in him were created all things in heaven and on earth, the visible and the invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; all things were created through him and for him. Identity of Jesus  17 He is before all things, Preposition  and in him all things hold together. Identity of Jesus  18 He is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things he himself might be preeminent. Prepositions  19 For in him all the fullness was pleased to dwell, 20 and through him to reconcile all things for him, making peace by the blood of his cross (through him), whether those on earth or those in heaven. The text alternates the identity of Jesus and the prepositions used.
  11. 11. Textual Context of Col 1,15-20 Outline of Harrington Greeting (1:1-2) Thanksgiving (1:3-8) Petition (1:9-11) Part One: Doctrinal Matters (1:12-2:23) Christian hymn about Christ as the Wisdom of God (1:15-20) Two applications of it (1:12-14; 1:21-23) Two reflections on Paul as a minister of the gospel (1:24-29; 2: 1:5) Christian life as participation in Christ's death and resurrection (2:6-23) Part Two: Ethical Matters (3:1—4:1) Theological foundation (3:1-4), Lists of vices to be avoided (3:5-11) Virtues to be pursued (3:12-17) A "household code" (3:1 8-4:1) Concluding exhortations (4:2-6) Travel plans and related messages (4:7-18)
  12. 12. 2nd reading: Colossians 1,15-20 Identity of Jesus (expressed in the verb “to be”)  15 Christ Jesus is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. Prepositions  16 For in him were created all things in heaven and on earth, the visible and the invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; all things were created through him and for him. Identity of Jesus  17 He is before all things, Preposition  and in him all things hold together. Identity of Jesus  18 He is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things he himself might be preeminent. Prepositions  19 For in him all the fullness was pleased to dwell, 20 and through him to reconcile all things for him, making peace by the blood of his cross (through him), whether those on earth or those in heaven. Commentary  The text is about the primacy (pre- eminence) of Christ. All other beings find their existence and meaning in and through Christ.  Notice the alternating use of the verb “to be” (in the 3rd person singular) and the preposition with Christ as its object. Christ’s identity  Image of the invisible God v.15  Firstborn of all creation v.15  He is before all things v.17  Head of the body v.18  The beginning v.18  The firstborn from the dead v.18 Christ as object of prepositions  In him were created all things v.16  All things were created through him and for him. V.16  In him all things hold together v.17  In him all the fullness was pleased to dwell v.19  Through him to reconcile all things for him v 20  Blood of his cross (through him)
  13. 13. Reflections on the 2nd reading  Christ Jesus is not an ordinary human being or creature.  Jesus Christ is the reason for the existence, subsistence and purpose of all created things and human beings.  Jesus as image of the invisible God. (He makes God present, visible, and tangible.)  Jesus as firstborn of creation. (He precedes all creation. He was there when all things were created.)  Jesus as head of the body, the church. (He is the leader, the authority, the guide of the community of believers).  Jesus as the firstborn of the dead. (He is the first to resurrect from a violent death, that gives life, a total and supreme sacrifice). (Lazarus rose but had no direct effect on our salvation).  The use of prepositions (in, through, for) indicates the effects upon all things, upon us, of the person of Christ.  The Christian must be intelligent enough to make necessary conclusions from what has been said of Christ and make appropriate responses.
  14. 14. Gospel reading: Luke 10:25-37  25 There was a scholar of the law (who could it be? Certainly he is a scribe) who stood up to test him (he asks question with a wrong motive. Will he learn from Jesus with this kind of disposition?) and said, "Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life (heaven)?" (as if you earn your own way to heaven, not through the merits of Jesus) 26 Jesus said to him, "What is written in the law? (torah, 613 mitzvot) How do you read it?" (Jesus also knows how to ask questions. As a good teacher, rabbi, he facilitates the answer. He wants that the answer must come from the scholar himself. Here, Jesus does not take offense at this testing. He entertains him.) Please read the text with its commentary in parenthesis.
  15. 15.  27 He said in reply, "You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your being, with all your strength, and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself." (The scholar’s answer comes from Deut 6,4-6 and Lev 19,18.) 28 He replied to him, "You have answered correctly; do this and you will live." (Jesus approves his perfect answer.) 29 But because he wished to justify himself (makulit! His purpose is to show himself as righteous, acceptable to God. That he’s doing well. “Alam ko na ‘yan!”), he said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?“ (He is bent on testing Jesus as he introduces another topic. Jesus does not embarrass him just the same.)
  16. 16.  30 Jesus replied (with a parable called the Parable of the Good Samaritan), "A man fell victim to robbers (like Barabbas or the two thieves crucified with Jesus) as he went down from Jerusalem (mountain) to Jericho (plain, near Jordan River). They stripped and beat him and went off leaving him half-dead (semi-patay). 31 A priest (highest religious leadership) happened to be going down that road, but when he saw him, he passed by on the opposite side. (He did not help the poor guy. Pari pa naman. Maybe he is tired already, just came from the service at the Temple) 32 Likewise a Levite (from the tribe of Levi, no land assigned to them during the time of the Judges, lay associate of the priest) came to the place, and when he saw him, he passed by on the opposite side. (The law did not allow these people to touch the dead to avoid contamination or ritual impurity. Lev. 21:1-3,11, Num 19:11-16. From the Jewish point of view, they were doing the right thing.)
  17. 17.  33 But a Samaritan traveler (foreigner, enemy of the Jews, not expected to show sympathy to them) who came upon him was moved with compassion (with all his heart and being) at the sight (The Samaritan had feelings. Very human! Mabuti pa siya. He used his right brain. The priest and the Levite used their left brains). 34 He approached the victim, poured oil and wine (ancient medication) over his wounds and bandaged them (with all his mind). Then he lifted him up (with all his strength) on his own animal, took him to an inn and cared for him. (The Samaritan acted upon his feelings. He concretized them to save the victim).
  18. 18.  35 The next day he took out two silver coins (denarii, two days wage) and gave them to the innkeeper with the instruction, 'Take care of him. If you spend more than what I have given you, I shall repay you on my way back.' (The Samaritan did more than expected. Outpouring of support! He supported up to the finish. His help was total, not half-hearted.)
  19. 19.  36 Which of these three, in your opinion, was neighbor to the robbers' victim?" (Jesus’ question changes the meaning of “neighbor,” not the victim, but the Samaritan.) 37 He answered, "The one who treated him with mercy." (‘Tol, correct ka diyan!) Jesus said to him, "Go and do likewise.” (This time the scholar had no more questions. He should imitate the good Samaritan. Did he do it? If he did it, wow, a big conversion! His change defies personal, religious, historical and cultural conditionings. He did not become a Samaritan, but an intelligent follower of Christ.)
  20. 20. Textual Context of Luke 10,25-37  Journey to Jerusalem:  9:51— 19:27  Luke 10,1-12 Mission of the 70  Luke 10,13-16 Woes to the Unrepentant Cities  Luke 10,17-24 Return of the 70  Luke 10,25-37 Parable of the Good Samaritan  Luke 10,38-42 Jesus visits Martha and Mary  Luke 11,1-4 The Lord’s Prayer
  21. 21. Reflections on the gospel  Jesus is a good teacher, even to the scholar, who approaches him with bad motivation.  Jesus takes all opportunities to teach those who can understand, even those who, at one point, are misguided.  Jesus takes you seriously even if you are not sincere at first. If you continue your search, you will find light.  How to attain eternal life?  Jesus’ answer is: Keep the commandment of love.  Love God and neighbor (be a neighbor to your neighbor).  Be compassionate.  Show your love concretely.  Prioritize love, not rituals.
  22. 22. Tying the 3 readings and the Psalm  The first reading talks about keeping the commandments of God.  The psalm  The second reading talks about the primacy of Christ. He is the reason for our being, we have to take him seriously, his commandments.  The gospel reading talks of the commandment of love of God and neighbor.
  23. 23. How to develop your sharing / homily  Tell your story how you follow instructions.  It is cumbersome to understand rules and follow them. We want to follow our own rules.  We want to simplify them or do our own thing. In the process, we do not deliver what is expected of us.  Filipinos are fond of not following instructions. (Is this true?) They find pleasure in violating rules and regulations and getting away with them without being penalized.
  24. 24.  The first reading is emphatic on heeding the commandments of the Lord.  We, Christians, must learn the commandments of God.  They are easy to understand and easy to do.  Let us not be hard headed (pasaway) or headstrong.  There is no reason for us not to obey.
  25. 25.  If we dig deeper into the theology of the Old Testament, we keep the commandments because it is part of our being covenanted with God.  The covenant (The Lord is our God / we are his people!) demands that we keep the commandments.  The commandments (laws) instruct and guide us how we should relate with God and with one another.  Without the covenant, heeding the commandments is meaningless.  With God, we, as covenanted people, cannot dictate our own terms.
  26. 26.  The second reading teaches us the primacy of Christ.  We should not take him for granted.  As his followers, we must give him our due respect.  We should listen to him and keep his teachings (commandments).
  27. 27.  The gospel reading teaches us to obey God’s commandment of love.  We are supposed to love God and our neighbor.  We cannot enter heaven if we have no love.
  28. 28.  The parable of the Good Samaritan teaches us how to love.  To love is to rescue the victim and the needy. (not to ignore them)  To love is to use your imagination, your feelings, your strength, your time and resources. You become a little poorer when you love.  Love is spontaneous and is not selective.  It goes beyond cultural, historical and religious differences (gender included).  Love is a commandment. It is God’s imperative. It is life- giving, health restoring. It is a skin to skin contact with the bloody victim. (You overcome your “kadiri” attitude.)
  29. 29.  What happens if we do not follow any precept or if we don’t love?  We cannot form a community, a family.  We do not live according to our dignity as covenanted people.  God does not exact obedience to the commandments for its own sake.  Keeping the commandments is for our own good.  For the Israelites, if they heed God’s laws, they will keep the promised land. They will enjoy God’s protection. They will not be driven away from home. (Read the whole book of Deuteronomy.)  We too will not be driven away from our groups, families and communities, from work, if we obey God’s laws (including our own laws and constitutions).
  30. 30.  Now, if we love, it must be total. God demands complete and high quality love from us. “Love God with all your soul and heart.”  We must not withhold anything from God. We must love with our whole being, with all our energies, attention, devotion and wisdom.  We must not ignore the needs of our neighbors who are victims of social injustices and flawed economic and political system.  We must not invoke the “law” (our work, our family, our safety, our convenience) as an excuse for not doing anything for them.  Alibis are signs of unloving. They make you useless (walang silbi).
  31. 31. Again we take a look at the concrete steps the Samaritan had taken. The Good Samaritan (vv.33-34)  approached the victim (no qualms, no fear of violating any law)  poured oil and wine over his wounds (he did not think his supply might go low on his long journey. Confident and unafraid, first-aid).  and bandaged them. (with care and affection and sensitivity, walang aray!)  Then he lifted him up on his own animal, (with all his strength)  took him to an inn (checked him in and even gave an advance payment)  and cared for him. (stayed with him for awhile, assured him of his support to the finish)  More in v.35.
  32. 32.  In our communities and parishes, we should not act like “robbers.”  We rob other ministers of their schedules and their zeal to serve.  We deprive them of their opportunity to approach the parish priest or rector, by acting like a cordon sanitaire.  We appropriate time and space exclusively for ourselves.  We also do violence to our co-workers by our careless speech and misplaced anger.  Think twice about serving in the Church if you can’t love your fellowmen and have so much hatred in your heart.
  33. 33.  Instead, let us be good Samaritans for those who are battered, victimized and violated.  - victims of sexual abuse, human trafficking, white slavery, discriminated against, falsely accused, illegal recruiters, displaced indigenous peoples, terrorism, etc.  We must be crafty (creative) and loving persons.  In this Year of Faith, the Church must be a loving Church.  Let the victimized find refuge in our loving and caring communities.  We cannot transmit our faith if we are not loving.
  34. 34.  The eucharist is for those who are committed to love God and neighbor.  The eucharist is a sacrament of love, communion and compassion. Jesus is here to bind up our wounds if we have been victimized. He is here to teach us to become Good Samaritans.  In the eucharist, we express our willingness to keep the commandments of God.  In the eucharist, Jesus promises us eternal life.
  35. 35. Our Context of Sin and Grace  Unloving, predatory  Legalistic, ruled by rules, not by love  Rugged individualists  Kadiri mentality (easily nauseated, maarte)  Thief, war freak, violent  Hurts a lot of people by careless speech  Exacerbates, makes things worse  Gets out of his way to help  Caring, cool  Loving  Law keeper, keeps the covenant, follows instructions, practical  Can save lives  First aid  Health care  Damage control Are you a good Samaritan or a robber? What do other people say about you?
  36. 36. Suggested Songs  Alay Kapwa Songs  Paano Namin Masasabi  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WVN-MThZQDs  Pananagutan  Sa Bawat Sandali  Go Tell Everyone  Prayer before the Crucifix
  37. 37.  Dear sisters and brothers,   Let us learn to be good Samaritans.   Fr. Cielo

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