Empowerment of rural women forensuring safe drinking water throughbetter sanitation practices by adoptingBio-Toilets-An in...
We find that 80 percent of diseases in India are                            water borne, and open defecation is the root  ...
psychrotrophic bacteria  like Clostridium and                        No sewerage network Methanosarcina from              ...
Acidogenesis                   Methanogenesis• Carboh                  • Carbonic                           • Methane  ydr...
PILOTING PHASE-DhamraBalasore                                                           Dhamra                       90 km...
CUSTOMIZATION(With Local Technological Options-LTO)             Traditional Sanitation Facility             with Bio-Diges...
I   A                          Feedback onN   R                          the Site        WomenS   R                       ...
ADVANTAGE                                A   ReusabilityEnvironmental Impact:           D                                D...
CHALLENGES Convergence strategies with Government  Sponsored Schemes/bi-lateral/CSR Will the process of dumping sewerage...
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S2 2 shivangi

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S2 2 shivangi

  1. 1. Empowerment of rural women forensuring safe drinking water throughbetter sanitation practices by adoptingBio-Toilets-An innovative & sustainable initiative inrural villages of Bhadrak district,Odisha. By Shivangi Varma
  2. 2. We find that 80 percent of diseases in India are water borne, and open defecation is the root cause,” explains S N Dave, Project Officer, Water Environment and Sanitation, UNICEF, Kolkata. “It also contaminates water sources.”•Dumping waste is a problem( treatment & disposal).•Water borne disease.•Contaminated Water.
  3. 3. psychrotrophic bacteria like Clostridium and No sewerage network Methanosarcina from is required Antartica. Anaerobic Process ( BioToiletsBacteria on the mat of the tank) Bio-Digestor-DRDO No requirement of STP or other treatment techniquesConverts Night soil to Bio Gas
  4. 4. Acidogenesis Methanogenesis• Carboh • Carbonic • Methane ydrates • Sugar Acids and • Hydrogen. • Acetic • Carbon • Fatty Alcohol.• Fats Acid. Dioxide • Hydrogen,• Protein Acids Carbon • Carbon • (Bio-Gas) • Amino Dioxide, Dioxide Acids • AmmoniaHydrolysis Acetogenesis
  5. 5. PILOTING PHASE-DhamraBalasore Dhamra 90 km stretch of Jhamjadi to Dhamra ( Missile Launch) •Idea conceived by Mr. Selvamurthy (SA) •Road way to Dhamra ( missile launch) •No toilets but have other amenities. •Women practice open defecation. “DRDO can launch missiles but not build toilets for women”-Mr .Jai Ram Ramesh
  6. 6. CUSTOMIZATION(With Local Technological Options-LTO) Traditional Sanitation Facility with Bio-Digester attached underground
  7. 7. I A Feedback onN R the Site WomenS R PARTICI selectionT A along SHG. W PATORYI NTU G E School O Gender APROACH and Issues wereT M college M addressedI E young girlsO N mobilized on safe EN T sanitation User friendlyA NL practices.
  8. 8. ADVANTAGE A ReusabilityEnvironmental Impact: D D •Outlet water-Used for •No trace of night soil. E gardening or agriculture •No pathogens. D purpose. •No odor. A •No dumping into drains D or rivers causing pollution. V A N Source of Energy Health Impact: •Pathogens get completely T •No disease due to water transformed to Bio-Gas. A contamination. •Bio-Gas can be used as a G •No breeding of flies source of Energy for E cooking purpose.
  9. 9. CHALLENGES Convergence strategies with Government Sponsored Schemes/bi-lateral/CSR Will the process of dumping sewerage to rivers causing pollution be stopped??? Will the policy work towards reusability and energy conservation be redefined???

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