Empowerment of rural women forensuring safe drinking water throughbetter sanitation practices by adoptingBio-Toilets-An innovative & sustainable initiative inrural villages of Bhadrak district,Odisha. By Shivangi Varma
We find that 80 percent of diseases in India are water borne, and open defecation is the root cause,” explains S N Dave, Project Officer, Water Environment and Sanitation, UNICEF, Kolkata. “It also contaminates water sources.”•Dumping waste is a problem( treatment & disposal).•Water borne disease.•Contaminated Water.
psychrotrophic bacteria like Clostridium and No sewerage network Methanosarcina from is required Antartica. Anaerobic Process ( BioToiletsBacteria on the mat of the tank) Bio-Digestor-DRDO No requirement of STP or other treatment techniquesConverts Night soil to Bio Gas
PILOTING PHASE-DhamraBalasore Dhamra 90 km stretch of Jhamjadi to Dhamra ( Missile Launch) •Idea conceived by Mr. Selvamurthy (SA) •Road way to Dhamra ( missile launch) •No toilets but have other amenities. •Women practice open defecation. “DRDO can launch missiles but not build toilets for women”-Mr .Jai Ram Ramesh
CUSTOMIZATION(With Local Technological Options-LTO) Traditional Sanitation Facility with Bio-Digester attached underground
I A Feedback onN R the Site WomenS R PARTICI selectionT A along SHG. W PATORYI NTU G E School O Gender APROACH and Issues wereT M college M addressedI E young girlsO N mobilized on safe EN T sanitation User friendlyA NL practices.
ADVANTAGE A ReusabilityEnvironmental Impact: D D •Outlet water-Used for •No trace of night soil. E gardening or agriculture •No pathogens. D purpose. •No odor. A •No dumping into drains D or rivers causing pollution. V A N Source of Energy Health Impact: •Pathogens get completely T •No disease due to water transformed to Bio-Gas. A contamination. •Bio-Gas can be used as a G •No breeding of flies source of Energy for E cooking purpose.
CHALLENGES Convergence strategies with Government Sponsored Schemes/bi-lateral/CSR Will the process of dumping sewerage to rivers causing pollution be stopped??? Will the policy work towards reusability and energy conservation be redefined???