S4 3 ajit saxena 6 12

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S4 3 ajit saxena 6 12

  1. 1. Problem Lack of safe water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH) lead to diseases (80% of over all diseases) and economic losses. 1.5 million Children (under 5) die every due to poor WASH and by 2015, 2.7 billion people will be without access to basic sanitation. Status of WASH in India is poor with 31% (year 2009) population access to improved sanitation and 665 million people defecate in open. 700,000 die each year from diarrhea (WHO) and national losses of USD 53.8 billion in (WSP 2006). Despite huge investments, the failures can be attributed ineffective approaches to improve WASH. Needs of women remains a low priority in many parts of the world
  2. 2. Challenges -Women Centric Format Reach Time Schedule Place to discuss the issues (privacy) Can not go outside Two way communication Increasing Work-load or develop leadership Need friendly Technological solutions hand-holding at the local level Socio cultural issues education /literacy exposure Reason to meet-group regularly On job Training Enabling Decision making environment Economics Children and family
  3. 3. Context & NeedPrevailing Approaches For WASH Monotonous and ad-hock Perhaps not designed to address the strategic needs of women i.e. key role in planning, management and monitoring There are chances of exclusion of the needy recipient of the message as the most of the strategies are based on the Off-site Approach / TOT Conventional approaches take a piece meal path & fail to see local needs, comprehensively. The approaches do not ensure forward and backward linkages at community level. The CLTS has emerged as a better approach to sensitize community and initiative collective actions. However, it is realized that in want of post trigger support or tackling local governance issues, not much progress is achieved.
  4. 4. The Approach Pan denotes hardware and Van is equipped with audio video aid, IEC tools & games, technological options, exhibits and resource team The 4 step approach offers complete package for achieving & maintaining total sanitation cost effectively It facilitates planning, IEC ,Capacity building of institutions and service providers , creation of demand , support implementation, review and post trigger in a synchronised way
  5. 5. WHAT IS PAN IN THE VAN Mobile Van –AV System and Tent IEC Tools Demos Templates for Planning Training Modules Pan Production Machine Resource Persons (3+3) Kits to be given to schools and groups Follow Up TemplateUNIT IS EQUIPED WITH MANY ITEMS
  6. 6. THEMES SANITATION & • ADRESSES ALL THE SEVEN COMPONENTS • HOUSE HOLD HYIGINE • SCHOOL • COMMUNITY • DRINKING WATER QUALITY • WATER BALANCE WATER • WATER REUSE • BASIC UNDER STANDING • INSTITUTIONS –VWSC,FIELD FUNCTIONORIES • WASH PROMOTERS LEADERSHIP • SERVICE PROVIDERS-MASONS & PUMBERS • SUPPLY CHAIN-LOCAL PETTY CONTRECTORS
  7. 7. How It Function ONE DAY •SURVEY & IDENTIFICATION OF NATURAL LEADERS THREE DAYS CAMP •DAY 1 - COMMUNITY •DAY 2 – DEMOS, GROP WORK AND INSTITUTIONS •DAY 3 – PLANNING & DISCUSSIONS KICK TO KITANU FOOTBALL MATCH TWO DAYS CAMP •CAPACITY BUILDING OF INSTITUTIONS •SERVICE PROVIDERS SUPPLIERS FOLLOW UP EVERY MONTH – 5-6 Month
  8. 8. STEPS OF PAN IN THE VAN APPROACH FOR Step 1 INCLUSIVE WASH Health Communication - Environment Building eeds India By Participatory Health Hygiene Analysis Step 2 ON- SITE THREE DAYS PANCHAYAT CAMP Step-3 Step 3 B Step 3A WASH Step 3 C Strengthening ENTERPRISES Preparation of local water security (Petty Plan Step 3 D institutions Contractor ) SSHE to SLTS Step 4Community Review / Follow up and Hygiene Day(Half-day activity in Every month)
  9. 9. Women Centric Format On-site Approach / Facilities Round the clock stay for 3 days of PAN in The VAN team/unit at Panchayat flexible camp schedules Separate meeting arrangements –A special tent Enabling environment to suite their socio cultural needs Creative and joyful tools/methods dedicated tools/methods to involve women to address their strategic needs Learn and contribute as per their pace/routine. Gender Friendly IEC Tools, exhibition of options, production machines,- Seeing is believing Creates Institution, change agents and also institute follow up mechanism WASH Promoter is a self sustainable model for WASH services. –beautician, mahediwali, tailor etc. Community Review School Interventions –School sanitation strategies like ‘ek pe ek gyarah’ strategy involves girls innovatively in School Led Total Sanitation
  10. 10. THE APPROACH HAS 12 INNOVATIVE IEC TOOLS FOR VERIOUS GROUPS Women Centric Format-Tools
  11. 11. Women Centric FormatA Tent for discussions
  12. 12. •Use of information technology- IT Based Capacity building•Recorded Massages•Innovative Stories•Informative Films•Mobile massages•And Help line development
  13. 13. Innovative ways to explain Technologies
  14. 14. Special Tools ForGirls AndChildren
  15. 15. School Led Total Sanitation
  16. 16. Tools for allTools –Games, recordedcommentary, songs, stories etc Jairam Ramesh ,Minister for rural development ,Government of India and Mr.are carried and displayed Gopal Bhargav,Rural Development Minister Govt of MP ,Playing Kick to kitanu gema-A tool of Pan in the Van in Indore 14 Oct 2012.during camps with mascots andattractive dresses.
  17. 17. Evaluation of the approachAchievement Tools are developed and tested 100 nos 3-4 Days Camps are organised. 5 Districts, 80 Panchayats and covered Over 200000 women, men and children.Formal evaluation of 3 days camps findings :-  Participation of women in governance and village WASH plans improved due to effective BBC and invoked interest  Features like, separate opportunity for women through separate tent, women time friendly schedules (they could participate as per their free hours without affecting their work or livelihood) ensured participation and contribution in real manner  The retention of messages was longer and it helped substantially to generate demand  Solution to addressing supply chain issues helped in creating proactive environment
  18. 18. Field plan & news
  19. 19. So Far…… Concept developed Tools designed and tested 100 Nos 3 Days camps are organized100 nos 3-4 Days Camps are organised. 5 Districts, 80 Panchayats and covered Over 200000 women, men and children.Formal evaluation of 3 days camps findings :-  Participation of women in governance and village WASH plans improved due to effective BBC and invoked interest  Features like, separate opportunity for women through separate tent, women time friendly schedules (they could participate as per their free hours without affecting their work or livelihood) ensured participation and contribution in real manner  The retention of messages was longer and it helped substantially to generate demand  Solution to addressing supply chain issues helped in creating proactive environment
  20. 20. Tentative Cost of Operations /Estimate  The per household WASH hardware cost (including government support) is USD 200 and as per government norms $ 30 (15%) are required on software. The suggested solution above needs $ 6 (3.3 %of Hardware) per household for IEC activities in more effective manner. The approach also ensures usage of the created structures.  Scalability  Easy to Monitor  Tentative – One block (74 Panchayats require 1.8 year to cover with one unit  Initial set up INR 20-25 lacks
  21. 21. Evaluation of the approach Ensuring access to WASH facilities for physically challenged community Establishment of regular review and follow up. Improved status of school sanitation with children playing role as the change agent . Local entrepreneurs providing quality WASH services & meeting the demands of the community Substantial increase in entitlement realisation and community groups bargaining with government for effective WASH Improved personal hygiene
  22. 22. The 6th World Water Forum,Marseille – France(12th to 17th March, 2012)
  23. 23.  Thanks, You can see us on Please refer link Press release and award booklet published on the occasion are also attached with this note. http://www.wecf.eu/english/press/releases/2012/06/rio-awards.php U-tube – watch home videos on Pan in the Van Approach http://www.youtube.com/user/shubheesaxena?email=share_video_user http://www.youtube.com/user/shubheesaxena?email=share_video_user#p/a/u/1/dpDE8Y dZd-E This is noteworthy that the approach was also shortlisted as one of the promising approach by World Water Forum during its 6th Conference held in Marseille, France, from 12th to 17th March, 2012. http://www.solutionsforwater.org/solutions/pan-in-the-van-%E2%80%93-an-innovative- on-site-approach-for-inclusive-wash

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