Overview: Activities and ResultsMultidonor Trustfund on Labor Markets, JobCreation, and Economic GrowthApril 2013
ProgramManagementResearchComponent/Capacity BuildingComponentPilotActivitiesComponentMigration InformalitySkills TowardsEmployment andProducticity in 7CountriesKenyaEl SalvadorColumbiaChinaLaosSri LankaUkraineCountry WorkunderSkills&EmployabilityThe Impact ofFood andFinancial Crisis onWomen and Girlsin Rural PakistanThe Impact ofFood andFinancial Crisis inMoroccoLabor andEmploymentduringthe GlobalFinancial Crisis inTanzaniaPilotsJobsWatchSouth-southMigration andthe LaborMarket: Evidencefrom South AfricaIdentifyingandRelaxingConstraintsto EmploymentGeneration in SmallScaleEnterprises inGhana, Rwanda,Nigeria,and UgandaKosovo - LaborMarket SustainabilityStudy with a focus oninformalityPilots -Informality/MigrationYearly Joint ILO-World Bank LaborMarket Course(MENA, SSE, AFR)Trainingon LaborMarket Analysis:CBfor ImpactAnalysisof ALMPs in theWestern BalkansTrade UnionSecondment tothe World BankYearly Fellowshipsfor IntensiveTrainingon CoreLabor MarketAnnual JointIZA-World BankConferenceRegionalWorkshops toDisseminateResults ofResearch andPilots in all pilotPublications, website,events at WB-headquarters and through JKPLabor Markets, Job Creation & Economic GrowthImpact of SkilledMigration fromWestern to EasternEurope % theRelevance of ReturnMigration from the US(especially to Mexico)Migrants Behavior interms of decisions toReturn, Savings,andRemittancesMacroeconomicAnalysis of the BrainDrainUnlockingpotential:Tacklingeconomic,institutional and socialconstraints of informalentrepreneurshipEvaluation of aTemporaryIncome SupportProgram in ElSalvadorAnalysis of CrisisImpact inIndonesiaJobsWatchImpact of TheFinancial Crisisand GovernmentsPolicy Response-AnalysisJoint PolicyInventory;quarterly"Jobstrends"ContinousDisseminationof ResultsContinous CapacityBuildingthroughPartnershipswithStatistical Offices,GovernmentAgencies,andLocal Researchers inall Countrieswhere Activitiesare ImplementedImprovingSkillsandEmployalibilitySkillsConstraints toinformal sectorgrowth in sevencountries in Sub-Saharan Africa ,inVietnam, and PeruLabor MarketInformality andEconomic Transition:EmploymentRegulation andAdjustment toEconomic Crisis inChinaLinkages betweenSocial Protection andInformality in Bosnia,Herzegovina,Macedonia,andSerbiaDemand for Skills inFYR MacedoniaRegional LaborMarket CourseforAsia in Seoul,KoreaDesignandImplementationofEntrepreneurship PromotionPrograms:Typologie,
Focus Areas of the Multi-Donor Trust Fund•IZA-ConferenceNewDelhiFOCUSAREASPresentationofResearchPlans &Methodology atIZAConferenceWorldBankBrown Bag Lunches andSeminars to Discuss andDisseminateResearchApproaches andResults atWorldBankNetworks andRegionalDepartmentsFirstPublicationswithMentioning of MDTFDonors inJournals andReportsPresentationof FirstResults atIZAConference (Mexico City)Seminars andWorkshops(Uganda,Mali,SEE)IZA-ConferenceNew DelhiFinal Disseminationof ResultsEstablishmentof 3JointILO-WBWorkingGroupsDevelopment ofaJointILO/WBQuestionnaireDataCollectionDataCleaningandProcessingAnalysis withReportsSpringMeetingLaunch EventDisseminationofFull AnalysisandToolsDevelopmentof HarmonizedSurveyInstrumentsCountry-SpecificSurveyInstrumentsDesignedand DataCollectedData AnalysisandCountryStudiesTrainingRolledOutand1stwave activitieslaunchedResultsof1stwavecountriesFinalization ofMulti-CountryReport7 CountryStudies/ResultsFinalizedforDisseminationMigrationInformalityJobsWatchPolicyInventorySkillsandEmployabilityMay 2010 May 2010 -Dec2010 End 2010 May 2011 2011Nov 2009 -Feb 2010Feb - May2010Feb - April2011Apr 2011June - Nov2011Dec2011 -Apr 2012ContinousDisseminationofResults2012Apr 2011 -April 2012JobsWatchPilotsStartof ImplementationPilots &Analysis ofCrisisImpacts on Country-LevelPlannedFinalyzationofAnalysis andPublicationofReportsPresentationofResultsImpactEvaluationResults ofPilotsOct2009 March - Nov2011July - Dec2011July 2012 May 2013Continous CapacityBuildingthroughPartnershipswithStatisticalOffices,GovernmentAgencies,andLocalResearchers inall CountrieswhereActivitiesare ImplementedPresentationofResearchPlans &Methodology atIZAConferenceWorldBankBrown Bag Lunches andSeminars to Discuss andDisseminateResearchApproaches andResults atWorldBankNetworks andRegionalDepartmentsFirstPublicationswithMentioning of MDTFDonors inJournals andReportsPresentationof FirstResults atIZAConferenceSeminars andWorkshops (Uganda,Mali, SEE)IZA-ConferenceNew DelhiFinal Disseminationof ResultsJune 2010- Feb 2011 April 201220132013July2013 Feb2014Sept 2012-May 2013
The Migration Agenda – Components and ProductsMIGRATION-RESEARCH: Components and ProductsMIGRATION•Analysisof the extentandeffectsof returnmigrationfromWesterntoEasternEurope and fromthe UnitedStatesto Mexico•A collectionof dataon migrationflows•A simulationof the effectsof increasingtrainingcapacity, wages, andmigrationpoliciesformedical professionalsonthe supplyof healthcare professionalsindevelopingcountriesAnalysisof effectsof emigrationandreturnmigrationon lessdevelopedcountries•An analysisonmigrationfromChinaandintoAustralia,illuminatinghowtemporarymigrationpoliciesinrichcountriesaffectthe levelof remittancesreceivedbypoorhouseholdsinsendingcountries.Analysisof howimmigrantsdecidehowmoneyisremittedtosourcecountries•A studyon the extentof immigrationintoSouthAfricaandthe labormarketexperience of immigrants,withaspecial focusonthe degree towhichimmigrationintoSouthAfricaaffectsthe jobprospectsandpolitical beliefsof native SouthAfricancitizensCase studyof theeffectsofimmigrationinSouthAfrica
The Informality Agenda – Components and Products•recently strengthenedINFORMALITY-RESEARCH: Components and ProductsIFORMALITY•An examinationoffinancialconstraintstoinformalsectorgrowthinsevenWestAfricancapitalcities,Madagascar,Peru,and Vietnam.•A studyofinstitutionalconstraintstoinformalsectorgrowth.•An investigationofthesocialconstraintstoinformalsectorgrowth,focusingonkinshiptiesandextendedfamilymembers.•A comparisonofdifferentmethodstoratebusinessplansandpredictfutureenterprisegrowth.•An analysisoftheextenttowhichanentrepreneurshiptrainingprograminGhanabenefitsinformalentrepreneurs.AnalysisofdeterminantsofinformalsectorgrowthandtheconstraintspreventinginformalfirmsfromgrowinginAfrica•A documentationofthenatureandmagnitudeofthenegativeeconomicshocksassociatedwiththeeconomiccrisis,andthetypesofworkersthatweremostadverselyaffectedbythecrisis.•An examinationofworkers’responsestoshocks,andtheroleofsocialassistance,insurance,andreturnmigrationtoruralareas inmitigatingtheshock.•A studyon theextentoffirmcompliancewithrecentlystrengthenedlaborlaws,andtheeffectoftheeconomiccrisisoncompliance.•An assessmentoftheenforcementoflaborregulations,andhowenforcementhasaffectedtheemployment,wages,andworkingconditionsofformalandinformalsectorworkers.AnalysisofinformalityinChina:documentingtheeffectofthecurrentfinancialcrisisoninformalsectorworkers,andassessingtheeffectsofrecentlystrengthenedlaborlawsinChina•Profilingself-employedworkersthroughoutthedevelopingworld•Stocktakingandinventoryofentrepreneurshipprogramsworldwide –database•A meta-analysisof(smallscale)entrepreneurshipprogramsandtheireffectivenessindifferentsettingsPromotionofsuccessfulself-employmentandsmallscaleentrepreneurship
JobsWatch– ActivitiesJobsWatch: Components and ProductsJOBSWATCH•A documentationof how the crisisisaffectinglabormarketindicatorsforcountrieswhere labormarketdata isavailable.•An analysisof higher-frequencymacro-economicdatatohelpfill keydatagaps,and gaina clearerpicture of how the labormarketis faringinthe majorityof lowincome countries,whichlackregularlaborforce surveys.•An early-warningmonitoringsystemthatcanbe usedto anticipate future crisesand to forecastdeteriorationinemploymentopportunitiesforworkers.Analyzingtheeffectsof the crisison aggregate labormarketsworldwide•Profilingof workersinapproximatelyeightcountriesforwhichhouseholddataisavailable for2009, to examine whichtype of workersare mosthurtby the crisis.•A simulationof the distributional effectsof the crisisusingex-ante simulationsinsix countries.Identifyingthetypesof workersand householdsthat are sufferingthe most•A large-scale longitudinal surveyinPakistanthatprovidesavaluable source ofdata on how the crisisisaffectingrural Pakistani workers’ labormarketandpovertyoutcomes.•A studygeneratingnew datainMorocco to informkeygovernmentministriesaboutthe effectsof the crisis.•A surveytocollectmulti-topichouseholdandindividualinformation,withafocuson welfare, labor, andincome sourcesinTanzania.Collectingnew datato analyze theeffectsof the crisisinthree countries•Developmentof aJointILO/WBOn-line Questionnaire•An inventoryof policiesundertakentocombatthe crisis.•Analysisof the DataCollectedin77 countries•Reporton RecoveryMeasuresona Wide Range of Countries•Database,Manual,and jointsynthesisreport•An impactevaluationof policyresponse,focusingonaparticularanti-crisisprogram inEl Salvador.Assessingpoliciesdesignedtomitigate the crisis:JointPolicyInventory
Skills and Employability – ProductsSKILLS AND EMPLOYABILITY-RESEARCH: ProductsSKILLS&EMPLOYABIILITYDesign of SurveyInstrumentsMeasurement(Employers/Employees)Country Strategiesfor Skills TowardsProductivity andEmploymentKenyaChinaLaosSri LankaUkraineColombiaEl Salvador
Activities under the Capacity Building &Dissemination ComponentCAPACITYBUILDINGLaborMarket CoreCourse2008:Financing ofTradeUnion participants fromClientCountriesJointILO-World BankTraining Course:Understanding theRoleofEmployment inPro-PoorGrowthStrategiesinFrancophone AfricaLaborMarket CoreCourse2009:Financing ofKeyStakeholders from DonorFocus CountriesJointILO-WBTrainingCourse:Copingwith theGlobal JobCrisisinSouthEastEurope: WhatRoleforLaborMarket Policies?Mar/Apr2008 Jan2009 Mar/Apr2009 Nov/Dec2009 Mar/Apr2010 Jun2010 Sep2010 -Feb2011 Oct2010LaborMarket CoreCourse2010:Financing of KeyStakeholders from DonorFocus CountriesRegionalWorldBankWorkshopsto DisseminateResults:SecondRiode JaneiroHumanDevelopment Conference “FromRightto Reality:AchievingEffective SocialProtectionforAllinLatinAmericaandtheCaribbean”Secondment from anAfricanTradeUnionOrganizationtothe WBSecondment from anAfricantradeunionorganizationtotheWBJointILO-WBTrainingCourse:Promoting JobQualityand theExpansionofProductive EmploymentintheMiddleEastandNorth Africa:what works?Mar/Apr2011 2011 July2012-Jan 2013LaborMarket CoreCourse2011:Financing ofKeyStakeholders from DonorFocus CountriesCapacityBuildingforImpact EvaluationofActiveLaborMarket Programs intheWestern BalkansIZAConferenceandPolicydayinMexicoCityContinous CapacityBuildingthrough Partnershipswith StatisticalOffices,GovernmentAgencies,andLocalResearchersinall Countrieswhere ActivitiesareImplementedContinous DisseminationActivities(e.g.throughtheWebsite,DiscussionPapersonPilots,Workshops,suchastheannual IZAconference)PermanentActivities/OngoingILO-WB-PolicyInventory; ToolkitandSynthesisReportLaunchatthe SpringMeetingsinWashingtonNov2012May 2011 Oct2011IZA-WBConferenceinNewDelhi& Traningforskillsprojectsin2wavesRegionalWorkshops inUganda,Mali,Vietnam, SEE,Washington2014Conferences,Policy NotesWorkshops andDisseminationEventsforResultsofMDTFFocusAreas
Macedonia survey of labordemand and skillsPILOTSIndonesia - Country-LevelAnalysis of Crisis Impacts inIndonesiaTanzania - Implementationof the Second Wave of theNational Panel Survey toDetermine Crisis Impactsand Exposure to SocialProtectionKosovos sustainableemployment programMorocco - Youth/Self-employment Program inMorocco[In Process]Ghana - Raising productivityand reducing the risk ofhousehold enterprisesRwanda - Raisingproductivity and reducingthe risk of householdenterprises+ 8 Pilots under Skills and Employability
Commitments and AchievementsStronger Focus on Capacity Building Resources have been rebalanced towards capacity building and disseminationLaunch of New Focus Area: Skills and EmployabilityLaunch in 8 countries (Sri Lanka, Ukraine, China, El Salvador, Columbia, Kenya,Laos, Ghana).Training and Capacity Building Launched in all focus countries (survey design,statistical modeling, policy analysis)Field work has been completed in Laos, Sri Lanka, and ChinaAddressing questions on: Current levels and distributions of technical, cognitive, and non-cognitive skills What is the extend of mismatch between skills and employers’ needs How do skills of individuals affect their LM outcomes
Commitments and AchievementsKorea signaled its interest in having a labor market training course with afocus on Asia. A joint regional Labor Market Course with a focus on Asia has been implemented –jointly with the Korean Government in Seoul, Korea.Other donors such as Austria and Germany requested a number ofsmaller regional capacity building events, e.g. clinics on M & E of labormarket programs The joint regional ILO-WB labor market courses have been institutionalized. A 4-day national impact evaluation workshop has been implemented in El Salvador. Three workshops on capacity building for impact evaluation of active labor marketprograms in the Western Balkans in 2011.
Commitments and AchievementsDissemination events covering all focus areasJobswatch: ILO-WB-Policy Report, Database, and Manual launched at the WB’s SpringMeetings in 2012.Informality: smaller seminar held in Washington, D.C. in 2012 - additional events to bediscussedMigration/Informality presented in special sessions during the annual IZA-WB-conferenceTraining rolled out in 7 focus countries while implementing the Skills and EmployabilityWork AgendaSmaller regional dissemination events of country-level activities and seminarswith the research teams Dissemination activities on informality in Kathmandu (Nepal), Hanoi (Vietnam), Beijing(China), Uganda, and Mali. A workshop to disseminate the results of the baseline report of the impact evaluation is inEl Salvador. Workshops with government officials in Skopje, Sarajevo, and Belgrade (on linkages SP andInformality).
Disbursements, and Planned Disbursements –July 2008 – April 2013 (as of April, 2013)Activity Disbursements Planned TotalRESEARCH PROPOSALS-Contracting for winners of first round: 3*30,000(by October/Nov. 2009) 90,000 90,000Effects of Emigration and Return Migration on Less-Developped Countries 450,000 450,000Extend and Effects of Immigration into South Africa 150,000 150,000Total Migration Agenda 690,000 - 690,000RESEARCH PROPOSALS-Contracting for winners of first round: 6*30,000(by October/Nov. 2009) 180,000 180,000Constraints to Informal Sector Growth in Africa 685,000 685,000Self-Employment Agenda 240,050 240,050Raising Productivity and Reducing the Risk of Household Enterprieses in Ghana, Rwanda,and Uganda260,000 260,000Labor Market Informality in Transitioning Countries 250,000 250,000Linkages between Social Proetection and Informality in the Western Balkan 45,000 45,000Design and Implementation of Entrepreneurship Promotion Programs 51,320 48,680 100,000Inventory of (Small Scale) Entrepreneurship Programs 53,000 53,000Self-Employment Pilot in Morocco (focus on Youth) 100,000 100,000TOTAL Informality Agenda 1,711,370 101,680 1,913,050Joint ILO/World Bank Inventory on Policy Response to the Crisis 247,750 222,750Analysis of Effects of the Crisis and Types of Workers and Households that Suffered the Most 51,000 51,000Generation of Evdience on Labor Market Effects and Crisis Responses in Tanzania 63,000 63,000Generation of Evdience on Labor Market Effects and Crisis Responses in Morocco 58,000 44,121Generation of Evdience on Labor Market Effects and Crisis Responses in Pakistan 41,000 41,000Generation of Evdience on Labor Market Effects and Crisis Responses in El Salvador 39,129 39,129Kosovos Sustainable Employment Program 41,000 36,000Dissemination and Publication 30,000 30,000TOTAL Jobswatch Agenda 499,879 30,000 527,000MIGRATION AGENDAINFORMALITY ANDSELF-EMPLOYMENTAGENDAJOBSWATCHAGENDA
Disbursements, and Planned Disbursements –July 2008 – April 2013 (as of April, 2013) (continued)Activity Disbursements Planned TotalSkills Toward Productivity and Employment in Kenya 150,000 150,000Skills Toward Productivity and Employment in China 198,905 - 198,905Skills Toward Productivity and Employment in Laos 149,355 645 150,000Skills Toward Productivity and Employment in Sri Lanka 125,573 74,427 200,000Skills Toward Productivity and Employment in the Ukraine 101,655 126,845 228,500Skills Toward Productivity and Employment in Columbia 139,275 130,725 270,000Skills Toward Productivity and Employment in El Salvador 155,322 52,550 207,872Administration of the Skills Pilots, Development of Survey Instruments, Training 133,499 38,841 172,340TOTAL Skills Agenda 1,003,584 574,033 1,577,617Joint regional ILO-WB course for Francophone Africa 60,000 55,000Joint regional ILO-WB course for South Eastern Europe 37,000 37,000Joint regional ILO-WB course for Middle East and North Africa 41,750 41,750Joint regional labor market course for East Asia and Pacific (with the Korean government) 80,000 58,500Fellowships for Participants of Labor Market Core Course (3*30,000) 90,000 75,000Trade Union secondment to the World Bank tow ork on the imparct of labor market reformson labor market outcomes 45,000 45,000Training on Labor Market Analysis: Capacity Building for Impact Evaluation of Active LaborMarket Programs in the Western Balkans 35,230 35,230Rio Labor Market Workshop on Skills Development20,000 20,000Regional Informality Workshop in Mali 50,495 50,495Regional Workshop in Uganda 42,000 42,000Other Capacity Building Activities such as Training on Impact Evaluation, Labor Market DataProcessing in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (several small scale training events) 55,820 55,820Capacity Building for Impact Evaluation of Active Labor Market Programs in the WesternBalkans 41,500 41,500Annual joint IZA-World Bank Conferences (ca. 8,000 yearly) 50,000 16,000 66,000Brown Bag Lunch/Seminar on Migration at the World Bank 3,000 3,000Training for Skills Measurement Surveys 30,705 30,705ILO-WB-Policy Inventory - Launch at WBs Spring Meetings and Publications of Manuals and Tools 40,000 40,000Informality Seminar round to disseminate MDTF work at the World Bank 15,000 15,000Other Dissemination Activities (websites, books, publications, regional workshops, Learning Forums, BBLs) 68,000 395,000 463,000TOTAL Capacity Building and Dissemination 790,500 426,000 1,175,000SKILLS AND EMPLOYABILITY AGENDACAPACITY BUILDING AND DISSEMINATION ACTIVITIES
Looking Forward – Final Resultsand Dissemination ActivitiesA number of Policy Notes – e.g. “fromEvidence to Policy”Make research results accessible to policy makersand a broader audience [total of around 40 papersacross all topics of the MDTF – cost estimate $1,200per note including author + printing = $24,000 for20 selected papers]Flashdrive with all papers and results [$10 perflashdrive/card = $5,000 for 500 flashdrives]Overview folder [$10 per folder = $5,000 for 500folders]
Looking Forward – Final Resultsand Dissemination ActivitiesDissemination Events:Smaller regional dissemination events of country-level activities andseminars with the research teamsSmaller regional workshops in client countries have an average cost-estimate of $85,000 for approx. 40 participantsLarger EventsA larger one-day event in a selected client country (e.g. in SSA) withpresentation from implementers and researchers and policy makers has acost-estimate $285,000A larger one-day event in donor countries with presentation fromimplementers and researchers and policy makers has a cost-estimate$150,000 (if room charges etc. are covered by the donor and logisticalsupport can be ensured)A larger one-day event in Washington with presentation fromimplementers and researchers and policy makers has a cost-estimate ofapprox. $150,000