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7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
INTERNET OF THINGS FOR 
DESIGNING SMART OBJECTS 
Gualtiero Fantoni, Ph.D 
University of Pisa...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
Presentation Summary 
D. Mazzei1, G. Fantoni1,2, G. Montelisciani2, G. Baldi3 
1 Research Ce...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
Research Questions 
• Is it possible to design products with high level of 
customizability?...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
DIY for All 
• High entrance barriers; 
• Low interoperability of the available systems; 
• ...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
The Role of IoT 
• Making is connecting together things, as well as ideas 
and people; 
• Th...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
Allowing Anyone To Create Smart Objects 
Customizability; 
Modularity; 
DIY for all; 
Interc...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
Customizability as a need 
Poneblocks and Ara project 
Smartphones look the same, 
but when ...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 
8 
#SomeLand is both a set of “bricks” and a way of ...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 
9
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 
10
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 
11
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 
12
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 
13
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
An Exemplary Case: The Puzzle Lamp 
BODY Plastic Puzzle box 
BRAIN Board: Arduino Uno + Ethe...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
From a «geek» object 
to a «user centered one» 
• Online survey with few questions (#400 peo...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
A use case as described by some users 
16
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
A use case as described by some users 
17
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
A use case as described by some users 
18
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
A use case as described by some users 
? ? ? 
19
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
An example of possible uses 
• It’s 07:30 a.m. The weather forecast says it will rain at 06:...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
Conclusions 
• The shield has been designed and it works 
with both Arduino and Spark Core. ...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
Acknowledgments 
The project started during the course “PhDplus: Creativity, innovation, ent...
7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea 
Please follow us here 
http://www.thingsoninternet.biz 
23
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Things on Internet - IEEE

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Internet has formerly been used to link ideas, then people and now it is starting to connect things together. IoT constitutes a good paradigm to enable people to design and modify things, and then sharing their designs and modifications. Through the internet, things are nowadays able to exchange raw data and information thus enabling the development of a new class of interconnected smart objects. In this paper a web platform for the design, co-design and sharing of smart objects is presented. The platform represents a design environment where physical shapes, sensing and actuation features, as well as functioning logics are integrated in a user friendly framework. A platform test has been performed in the context of the Maker Faire Rome 2013 demonstrating how the developed infrastructure acts as design enabler for both makers and mainstream users.

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Things on Internet - IEEE

  1. 1. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea INTERNET OF THINGS FOR DESIGNING SMART OBJECTS Gualtiero Fantoni, Ph.D University of Pisa Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering Research Center "E. Piaggio" 1
  2. 2. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea Presentation Summary D. Mazzei1, G. Fantoni1,2, G. Montelisciani2, G. Baldi3 1 Research Center "E. Piaggio", University of Pisa, Italy 2 Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, University of Pisa, Italy 3 Medita Engineering, Pisa, Italy • INTRODUCTION • A PLATFORM FOR DESIGNING SMART OBJECTS • AN EXEMPLARY CASE • CONCLUSIONS 2
  3. 3. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea Research Questions • Is it possible to design products with high level of customizability? • What is the role of Internet of Things (IoT) in keeping people interested in the creation and re-creation of smart objects? 3
  4. 4. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea DIY for All • High entrance barriers; • Low interoperability of the available systems; • Separation of available tools: soft and hard. 4
  5. 5. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea The Role of IoT • Making is connecting together things, as well as ideas and people; • The impact of ICT and web 2.0: communities of people helping each other, sharing ideas and creations; Mass Makers Internet 5
  6. 6. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea Allowing Anyone To Create Smart Objects Customizability; Modularity; DIY for all; Interconnectivity; Designers and Creative users (artists, architects, hobbyists) Electronically skilled users and makers (previously called nerds, now geeks or even more politically correct Pro-Ams) Mainstream users (my mother, my little nephew) USERS 4 new needs 6
  7. 7. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea Customizability as a need Poneblocks and Ara project Smartphones look the same, but when you switch them on .. 7
  8. 8. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 8 #SomeLand is both a set of “bricks” and a way of conceiving smart objects ready for the new “Internet of Things” paradigm
  9. 9. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 9
  10. 10. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 10
  11. 11. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 11
  12. 12. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 12
  13. 13. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea A Platform for Designing Smart Objects 13
  14. 14. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea An Exemplary Case: The Puzzle Lamp BODY Plastic Puzzle box BRAIN Board: Arduino Uno + Ethernet Shield Sensors: Temperature; Light; Sound; Capacitive Actuators: Diffusive RGB Led; Vibration motor WHEN (Value) DO (Value) Touch Intensity (5 ÷ 10) Vibration (on) Noise (0 ÷ 3) LED Blink (0 ÷ 5) LED Color (Red) Noise (3 ÷ 10) LED Blink (5 ÷ 10) LED Color (Green) Temperature (7 ÷ 10) Tweet (“It’s hot!”) WHAT WHEN (Value) DO (Value) Twitter Notifier Tweet (Received) LED Color (Red) Smart Candle Noise (9÷10) LED (Off) Weather Notifier Forecasts (Low Rain) Forecasts (Medium Rain) LED Blink (3) Forecasts (Low Rain) Strobo Lamp Noise (10) Led Blink (10) Light (1) 14
  15. 15. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea From a «geek» object to a «user centered one» • Online survey with few questions (#400 people): • What are the last three actions you do before leaving home in the morning? • What are the reasons why you go back home immediately after being exited? • What are the first three actions you do when you enter home? • What are the reasons why during the day you think of your house? • A new shield has been designed: it has a Sparkcore/Arduino (microcontroller), an IR receiver and emitter, a sound, a touch, a light, a temperature and a humidity sensor. It is connected to the web, thus several information can be gathered and mixed for sure from your Social world but also from other channels (city weather forecast, calendar, traffic condition). 15
  16. 16. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea A use case as described by some users 16
  17. 17. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea A use case as described by some users 17
  18. 18. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea A use case as described by some users 18
  19. 19. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea A use case as described by some users ? ? ? 19
  20. 20. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea An example of possible uses • It’s 07:30 a.m. The weather forecast says it will rain at 06:00 p.m., there’s traffic jam on the highway. SOME lights on the umbrella icon and on the metro icon, while it does not highlight the need of water for your flowers since the rain will water them for you. • You set the alarm clock for 07:30 a.m., you have an appointment at the office at 08:30 a.m., but there is a strike in the metro, and the flowers are thirsty. Therefore SOME wakes you up a bit earlier since you can take your bicycle but you need 5 minutes more and please… do not forget the flowers! • 07:30 p.m. The day has been long, you are tired and you feel cold even if the temperature is ok. For sure your house is even colder than the office. Therefore you open the SOME App and turn on the air-conditioner in winter mode. 20
  21. 21. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea Conclusions • The shield has been designed and it works with both Arduino and Spark Core. • The virtual machine is in progress and it manages both Arduino and Spark Core, the platform and interface is going to be made more attractive. • An industrial designer is helping us with nice shapes and a communication campaign. • A new generation of more specialized SOME objects is coming, the purpose is to test them with a series of selected users (with different levels of interaction). • May be you can be one of our backers in 21
  22. 22. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea Acknowledgments The project started during the course “PhDplus: Creativity, innovation, entrepreneurial spirit”, University of Pisa. The financial support of MISE Project “IoTPrise: Internet of Things: trasferimento di tecnologie e creazione d’impresa” (Bando RIDITT, DM 22/12/2009); EU LLP Programme – Leonardo Da Vinci (n° 2012-1-IT1-LEO05-02794): “EEC: European Enterpreuners Campus”. 22
  23. 23. 7/03/2014 Seoul, South Korea Please follow us here http://www.thingsoninternet.biz 23

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