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MICRO-URBAN COMMUNITIES
Presented by:
Cynthia Hoyle, FAICP
Champaign-Urbana Mass Transit District
1
Creating and Implement...
Convergence of Issues Impacting
Transportation
• Foreign policy and foreign oil dependence
• Global warming and environmen...
Why Create a Multi-Modal Transportation
System?
LRTP Mission: To provide a
safe, efficient, and
economical transportation
...
How to Create Mode Shift
Provide people with choices:
• Invest in bicycle/pedestrian infrastructure
• Calm traffic
• Creat...
TO SUCCEED YOU HAVE
TO:
ENGAGE THE
PUBLIC
CREATE
WORKING
PARTNERSHIPS
CREATE PLANS
WITH VISION
PLAN FOR
IMPLEMENTATION...
Disconnected Land-Use Peds/Bikes/Transit -
Afterthought
Not This
Congestion
What if we do not plan for mobility
choices/mode shift?
Commute to work times increase
Rockford and Peoria average
commu...
C-U Community Characteristics
• Intensely urban campus
• Community as a whole: non-SOV
commute to work rate is 23%
• Avera...
C-U Community Partnerships
• 2001 - MPO (CUUATS) begins, LRTP & CUMTD adopts
Strategic Plan
• 2002 - CUMTD hires planner t...
Micro-Urban?
Community of <250,000 w/ attributes of larger community, arts, culture,
nightlife, technology, diverse popula...
Plans and Process
11
Long Range Transportation
Plan 2025 (LRTP 2025) adopted in
2004 by Champaign-Urbana
Urbanized Area Tr...
Community Plans
12
Urbana Bicycle Plan –
Adopted plan becomes part
of Comprehensive Plan
2008
Long Range
Transportation Pl...
LRTP 2025 Preferred Scenario calls for:
 Express bus service between core and fringe areas of
the community
 An enhanced...
If implemented LRTP 2025 will:
 Create higher population density, less sprawl
 Promote alternative transportation modes
...
WHAT is IT?
WHY do IT?
miPLAN's Purpose - What mobility options does the
community want, both now and in the future?
To im...
Summary of E-Survey Results
o Non-SOV modes primary mode for students
(87%) even if they own a vehicle.
o SOV is the prima...
Summary of Public Input
17
Strong consistency found for the following
top priority mobility improvements:
 Improved bicyc...
Mobility Enhanced Development
MED defined as - a
compact walkable
neighborhood with a wide
array of transportation
choices...
Mobility Enhanced Development Findings:
Transportation costs in core significantly less than
fringe. Average $/month spen...
Green Corridors – Creating Sustainable
Neighborhoods
What might
a transit
intensive
corridor
look like?
Currently
working ...
High Capacity Transit Implemented CUMTD
August 2009
21
High frequency transit service between two downtowns
and campus = s...
Road Diets and Complete Streets
(Champaign adopted CS Policy in 2008 and Urbana CS
Ordinance in 2011 (Comprehensive Plan)
...
Bike and Pedestrian Improvements
Bike lanes – calm
traffic
Pedestrian priority –
ped scramble
23
Pedestrian and Transit Upgrades
Upgrading pedestrian
infrastructure
Upgrading transit
infrastructure
24
Support for Mode Shift
Car share - Zipcar
Safe routes to school
25
Bicycle Friendly
Community/
Businesses
C-U SAFE ROUTES
...
Mode Shift
Measures of Effectiveness
• 9% increase in transit ridership since August
2010 (over 11 million rides)
• Averag...
C-U Trips to Work
(U.S. Census & ACS)
Public
Transit
Bicycle Walking
2000
Census
6.8% 2.5% 11.6%
2010 ACS 7.3% 3.6% 13.1%
...
Cynthia Hoyle, FAICP
choyle@cumtd.com
cynthiahoyle@orionplanninggroup.com
www.cynthiahoyle.com
References
28
www.ihavemipl...
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Micro Urbana Communities- Creating and Implementing Livable Transportatino Solutions 2012

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How can communities successfully create multi-modal transportation systems? This presentation discusses how Champaign-Urbana, IL has been working to give people choices in mobility and lifestyle and how it has been succeeding in creating mode-shift.

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Micro Urbana Communities- Creating and Implementing Livable Transportatino Solutions 2012

  1. 1. MICRO-URBAN COMMUNITIES Presented by: Cynthia Hoyle, FAICP Champaign-Urbana Mass Transit District 1 Creating and Implementing Livable Transportation Solutions
  2. 2. Convergence of Issues Impacting Transportation • Foreign policy and foreign oil dependence • Global warming and environmental issues • Obesity and health epidemic related to inactivity • Aging transportation infrastructure • Transportation congestion and capacity inadequacies • Aging population and mobility issues • Lack of local government funding 2
  3. 3. Why Create a Multi-Modal Transportation System? LRTP Mission: To provide a safe, efficient, and economical transportation system that makes the best use of existing infrastructure, optimizes mobility, promotes environmental sensitivity, accessibility, and economic development, and enhances quality of life for all users. We must ask: “How do we make mobility easy and as inexpensive as possible?” 3
  4. 4. How to Create Mode Shift Provide people with choices: • Invest in bicycle/pedestrian infrastructure • Calm traffic • Create Safe Routes to School • Build Transit Supportive development • Retrofit sprawling neighborhoods • Revitalize walkable neighborhoods • Education and Encouragement Measuring the Health Effects of Sprawl; Barbara McCann and Reid Ewing; Smart Growth America and Surface Transportation Policy Project, 2003
  5. 5. TO SUCCEED YOU HAVE TO: ENGAGE THE PUBLIC CREATE WORKING PARTNERSHIPS CREATE PLANS WITH VISION PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION BE CREATIVE WITH FUNDING OPTIONS You Want This!
  6. 6. Disconnected Land-Use Peds/Bikes/Transit - Afterthought Not This Congestion
  7. 7. What if we do not plan for mobility choices/mode shift? Commute to work times increase Rockford and Peoria average commute time=19.62 min. and 19.02 min. Austin, TX avg. com. Time=22.86 Ann Arbor avg. com. Time=24.61 Population Reference Bureau says: Flexibility will be key…with respect to housing, work location, work hours, commuting, and means of transportation. Communities that provide for choices in housing and transportation will be more attractive. 7 C-U average commute to work time <15 minutes
  8. 8. C-U Community Characteristics • Intensely urban campus • Community as a whole: non-SOV commute to work rate is 23% • Average commute to work time <15 minutes • High levels of transit service • Quality neighborhoods adjacent to the campus many faculty/staff walk, bike, or take the bus to work • Students/faculty/staff have universal access to the transit system • Bicycle Friendly Community/University 8
  9. 9. C-U Community Partnerships • 2001 - MPO (CUUATS) begins, LRTP & CUMTD adopts Strategic Plan • 2002 - CUMTD hires planner to represent transit in community planning processes • 2004 - CUMTD sponsors Safe Routes to School programs starting w/ International Walk ‘n Bike to School Day • 2005 - CUMTD sponsors bicycle education, bicycle maps, & organizations • 2008 - Illinois Public Media (U of I) sponsors C-U Fit Families community network to reduce obesity 9 Champaign County Bikes
  10. 10. Micro-Urban? Community of <250,000 w/ attributes of larger community, arts, culture, nightlife, technology, diverse population & affordable-uncongested 10
  11. 11. Plans and Process 11 Long Range Transportation Plan 2025 (LRTP 2025) adopted in 2004 by Champaign-Urbana Urbanized Area Transportation Study (CUUATS) miPLAN – Mobility Implementation Plan to implement LRTP 2025 Champaign Moving Forward - Transportation Master Plan 2008 Update to Champaign’s Comprehensive Plan
  12. 12. Community Plans 12 Urbana Bicycle Plan – Adopted plan becomes part of Comprehensive Plan 2008 Long Range Transportation Plan 2035- Adopted 2009 Champaign Tomorrow Comprehensive Plan – Adopted March 2011
  13. 13. LRTP 2025 Preferred Scenario calls for:  Express bus service between core and fringe areas of the community  An enhanced arterial fringe road system that provides improved mobility around the community  Transit intensive corridors  High capacity transit system in the University District  Mixed use, denser development and redevelopment 13
  14. 14. If implemented LRTP 2025 will:  Create higher population density, less sprawl  Promote alternative transportation modes  Save money on infrastructure  Create walkable activity centers and reduce reliance on automobiles  Make travel safer for pedestrians and bicyclists  Increase mobility for motorists  Educate residents about alternative transportation modes, safety, and new transportation concepts 14
  15. 15. WHAT is IT? WHY do IT? miPLAN's Purpose - What mobility options does the community want, both now and in the future? To implement the LRTP 2025. LRTP found: Cities do not have the $ to build and/or maintain new arterial roads serving fringe development. (Champaign has $50 million deficit in funding for arterial construction.) If we continue with our current growth design, e.g. travel by auto, our community will face serious roadway congestion problems in less than 20 years. 15
  16. 16. Summary of E-Survey Results o Non-SOV modes primary mode for students (87%) even if they own a vehicle. o SOV is the primary mode for employees at 73%. o Users are satisfied with level of transit service overall-80% were satisfied or better. o Market segmentation was done to assess potential to increase use of non-SOV mode choices. We asked what would encourage them to switch modes. 16
  17. 17. Summary of Public Input 17 Strong consistency found for the following top priority mobility improvements:  Improved bicycle infrastructure and routing (In progress)  Better street lights (Campus locations in progress)  Additional sidewalks (In progress)  Later evening MTD service (Implemented)  Additional direct MTD routes along major arterials (Implemented)
  18. 18. Mobility Enhanced Development MED defined as - a compact walkable neighborhood with a wide array of transportation choices for trips, frequent and well –connected transit, biking amenities, and car-sharing. MED also include diverse housing stock, and a concentration of small retail and service- oriented business that meet day-to-day needs of local residents. 18
  19. 19. Mobility Enhanced Development Findings: Transportation costs in core significantly less than fringe. Average $/month spent on transportation: Core=$832 or less Fringe=$1372 or less. (2004 data) MED Recommendations: Build on current density and urban form. Maximize options and choices in alternative forms of mobility. Provide tools to create mixed-use, mixed-income market-rate developments through infill and redevelopment. Maintain affordability through community development programs and by factoring in both household housing and transportation costs. 19
  20. 20. Green Corridors – Creating Sustainable Neighborhoods What might a transit intensive corridor look like? Currently working on Very Small Starts grant application for corridors. 20
  21. 21. High Capacity Transit Implemented CUMTD August 2009 21 High frequency transit service between two downtowns and campus = service every 10-15 minutes during academic year.
  22. 22. Road Diets and Complete Streets (Champaign adopted CS Policy in 2008 and Urbana CS Ordinance in 2011 (Comprehensive Plan) Four Lanes w/o center turn lanes Center turn lanes, bike lanes, ped refuge island at bus stop 22
  23. 23. Bike and Pedestrian Improvements Bike lanes – calm traffic Pedestrian priority – ped scramble 23
  24. 24. Pedestrian and Transit Upgrades Upgrading pedestrian infrastructure Upgrading transit infrastructure 24
  25. 25. Support for Mode Shift Car share - Zipcar Safe routes to school 25 Bicycle Friendly Community/ Businesses C-U SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOL PROJECT (C-U SRTS ROJECT) www.cu-srtsproject.com Reduced annual bus pass from $238 to $60
  26. 26. Mode Shift Measures of Effectiveness • 9% increase in transit ridership since August 2010 (over 11 million rides) • Average VMT decreasing in University District/average VMT level for C-U • 24% increase in bike facilities • 34% decrease in fatalities since 2008* • Decrease in purchase of parking passes last 2 years *CUUATS Choices 2035 LRTP 2011 Report Card http://www.ccrpc.org/transportation/pdf/LRTP2035/2011_LRTP_ReportCard_Final.pdf
  27. 27. C-U Trips to Work (U.S. Census & ACS) Public Transit Bicycle Walking 2000 Census 6.8% 2.5% 11.6% 2010 ACS 7.3% 3.6% 13.1% 27
  28. 28. Cynthia Hoyle, FAICP choyle@cumtd.com cynthiahoyle@orionplanninggroup.com www.cynthiahoyle.com References 28 www.ihavemiplan.com www.cu-srtsproject.com www.ccrpc.org/transportation http://ci.champaign.il.us/departments/ planning/champaign-tomorrow- comprehensive-plan/ http://urbanaillinois.us/council-goals

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