Design Engineering Processes <ul><li>After completing this unit, you will know about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The role of en...
Engineering in Manufacturing <ul><li>Engineers are the problem-solvers in manufacturing companies. </li></ul><ul><li>They ...
Introducing Design Engineering <ul><li>Design Engineers create ideas for products. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They develop thes...
Design Engineering Processes <ul><li>Design Engineering begins with the  research and development  of new product ideas. <...
Research <ul><li>The Research part of R&D is the step-by-step search for new information, facts, and principles about a to...
Development <ul><li>The Development part of R&D is a type of applied research that tries to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create ...
Research & Development Questions <ul><li>Before engineers decide to manufacture a product, they ask three basic questions:...
Stages in the Design Engineering Process <ul><li>Six Stages of the Design Engineering Process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desir...
Stage 1: Desire <ul><li>Desire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The engineer must have the desire to create a new design </li></ul></...
Stage 2: Preparation <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage of the engineer learning, exploring, and gathering in...
Stage 2 continued: The Design Criteria <ul><li>Preparation:  The Design Criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Function </li><...
Stage 3: Ideation <ul><li>Ideation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainstorming for ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides i...
Stage 4: Incubation <ul><li>Incubation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take a break </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ponder </li></ul></ul...
Stage 5: Illumination <ul><li>Illumination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New ideas generate subconsciously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Stage 6: Verification <ul><li>Verification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prove the idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure the p...
Engineering in Manufacturing <ul><li>ASSIGNMENT # 2 (complete individually) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write a complete paragra...
Engineering in Manufacturing <ul><li>ASSIGNMENT # 3 (complete as Team) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your team is to design a pack...
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Engineering In Manufacturing

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Engineering In Manufacturing

  1. 1. Design Engineering Processes <ul><li>After completing this unit, you will know about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The role of engineering in the manufacturing company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The six stages of the design engineering process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The use of Design Criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are three assignments that are part of this unit: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first two are to be completed individually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The third is to be completed as part of a team effort </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Engineering in Manufacturing <ul><li>Engineers are the problem-solvers in manufacturing companies. </li></ul><ul><li>They design products & plan the most efficient manufacturing system to produce the product. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introducing Design Engineering <ul><li>Design Engineers create ideas for products. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They develop these ideas into plans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They decide if a profit can be made by producing the product. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They make designs, models, and engineering drawings to help develop and test the ideas. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Design Engineering Processes <ul><li>Design Engineering begins with the research and development of new product ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Development is also called “R&D”. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifies & develops new ideas for products, materials, and processes. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Research <ul><li>The Research part of R&D is the step-by-step search for new information, facts, and principles about a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Research is very methodical (meaning it uses a method or process). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two types: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pure Research (also called Basic Research) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search for new information without thinking about the use of that information </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Applied Research </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search for practical applications for the new knowledge found through Pre Research </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Development <ul><li>The Development part of R&D is a type of applied research that tries to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create new products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create new applications for existing products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development takes new materials or product ideas discovered by researchers and creates new products. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Research & Development Questions <ul><li>Before engineers decide to manufacture a product, they ask three basic questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Can the product be made with our equipment? </li></ul><ul><li>Will customers buy it? </li></ul><ul><li>Can it be sold at a profit? </li></ul><ul><li>ASSIGNMENT # 1 (complete individually) </li></ul><ul><li>Write a complete paragraph for each of the three questions listed above and explain why these questions are important and how an engineer might find the answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a complete paragraph to explain why engineers would try to find new applications for existing products? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stages in the Design Engineering Process <ul><li>Six Stages of the Design Engineering Process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incubation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illumination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verification </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Stage 1: Desire <ul><li>Desire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The engineer must have the desire to create a new design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The engineer must be interested in the product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also called motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desire provides the energy, interest, and motivation for the engineer to complete the job </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Stage 2: Preparation <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage of the engineer learning, exploring, and gathering information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ doing your homework” time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineers study existing products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk to experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk to potential customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study tools, processes, and materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must develop the Design Criteria </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Stage 2 continued: The Design Criteria <ul><li>Preparation: The Design Criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the product is designed to do? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the size, shape, and structure of the product? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ergonomics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is it designed for comfortable human use? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is it considered visually appealing? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ease of Manufacture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can the company make the product? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standardization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does it use standard tools, parts, and sizes? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Durability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the expected life of product? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Costs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can it be sold at a profit? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Stage 3: Ideation <ul><li>Ideation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainstorming for ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides ideas for possible products </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sketching ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thumbnail sketches (rough sketches) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renderings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shows all details of the finished product </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mock-ups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scale model of actual product </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Made from easy-to-use materials </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No real working parts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Stage 4: Incubation <ul><li>Incubation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take a break </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ponder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Stage 5: Illumination <ul><li>Illumination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New ideas generate subconsciously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Ah ha!” stage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The “light bulb” goes on! </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Stage 6: Verification <ul><li>Verification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prove the idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure the product actual works! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build a Prototype </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actual materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Working components </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does it meet the Design Criteria? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Engineering in Manufacturing <ul><li>ASSIGNMENT # 2 (complete individually) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write a complete paragraph for each of the Design Criteria. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain why each of the eight factors are important in the manufacturing process. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Design Criteria questions: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the product is designed to do? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the size, shape, and structure of the product? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is it designed for comfortable human use? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is it considered visually appealing? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can the company make the product? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does it use standard tools, parts, and sizes? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the expected life of product? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can it be sold at a profit? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Engineering in Manufacturing <ul><li>ASSIGNMENT # 3 (complete as Team) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your team is to design a package that can securely hold and ship 4 golf balls. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a written set of Design Criteria </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare a Thumbnail sketch of the package </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You will be given 5 sheets of paper and 50 centimeters of tape as your materials. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Points awarded for: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Completeness of Design Criteria </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Completeness of the Thumbnail Sketch </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creativity of solution </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Least amount of paper and tape used </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Durability of package </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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