Design Brief What to do: Situation: Written work – writing explaining the space you will be designing your product for. Give details of its use, how it looks and who will use this area. Client Profile – details of the person/people who you will be designing the product for. Photographs – of the area eg. Room. client photographs.
Design Brief What to do: Design Brief: Written work – statement of what you intend to design and make. Comment on the purpose of the project. The product will be a prototype for industrial production. Problem: Written work – What is the problem that the client has?
Task Analysis What to do: Bullet points and spider diagram - Product in the middle of the ‘spider’. Other points to comment on: Ergonomics Safety – production and use Materials Qualities Cost Appearance Industrial practices Environmental issues Construction Maintenance. Aesthetics Cost Customer Environment Size Safety Function Materials
a c c e s s f m Task Analysis The name of the product you are making
Research: Existing Products <ul><li>Research 6 images of existing products or similar products. </li></ul><ul><li>Annotate them using ACCESSFM </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. </li></ul>The design looks quite appealing. The natural finish to the pine and the sleek lines gives the wine rack a modern look. It is aimed at a wide market as it would match in with traditional or modern rooms. Recycled materials could be used for this design and would add to the texture. The size allows the design to hold an adequate amount of wine bottles without the product being too large. The design is stable as it has not got much height to it. When the product is full to its capacity there would not be any problem in getting one wine bottle out without disturbing the rest which is very safe. The dowel joints are strong enough to hold both sides of the design. And for this particular design this type of joint is suffice.
Research: what is to go in the product Research images of the products that will be going into your design or draw them if you feel confident in doing so. Then you need to find out the measurements and write why they are important to your design, and what considerations you need to make. You must show the dimensions of the products in mm.
Ergonomics Written work – explanation of how people will interact with your product. Explain how you will need to use different measurements and limitations of people to make your product suitable to use and maintain. Table – showing comparison of sizes of hands, height, etc. Must be relevant to your product. Pictures and diagrams – graphs showing height variations of target users. Hand prints. Ergonomic data.
Materials Written work – mind map or bullet points using the following areas for analysis of materials: Wood – hardwood, softwood, manufactured boards. Metals – ferrous, non-ferrous. Plastics – thermosets and thermoplastics. Joining materials. Finishing materials. Sizes of materials. Sourcing materials. You must state why you are researching these materials, state why you prefer one to the other and also consider that cost may affect your end choice. Practical work – Take Photos of the samples of materials you wish to use.
Questionnaire You are going to design a questionnaire. To help in your research to get as much information as possible in order to make your product. 1. Introduction to the questionnaire. e.g. Would you please take time out to complete my questionnaire related to a wine rack/ wine bottle storage unit which I will be making for my GCSE project. 2. Questionnaire. Write at least 10 questions which relate to the product you are making. Give tick box answers where you think are appropriate. Make sure the questions are direct so you can use this in your design ideas stage. 3. Ending. Thank the client for taking time out to complete the questionnaire.
Email E.g. To whom it may concern, I am a student at The Bolsover School in Chesterfield and I am currently working through my coursework for GCSE Resistant Materials. The product which I am thinking of making is a wine rack with room to hold or display wine glasses as well. I was wondering if it was possible to find out your best seller of wine racks please, this would help go towards the research element of my coursework. Many Thanks C.Cox <ul><li>Email several companies to find out what is the best seller. Print out a copy of your email and print out any replies you have got. </li></ul>
Conclusion to Research Write down what you have found from ALL of your research. Make sure you use a separate paragraph for each type of research. The types of research you should have are: Existing products Items to go in your product Questionnaire E-mail’s State what you will take from the research you have, what results you have found useful, what cannot be completed maybe due to lack of resources, etc……
Specification Write detailed bullet points about your product. See the example:
Analysis of Design Ideas You should use both of these tables to analyse all 6 of your initial design ideas. Then use this space to talk about the one you have chosen to take forward to develop and state why you have chosen that particular design.
Development This is where you draw your chosen design idea. Then you start to adapt certain features to develop the design so that it works (use more than one page, however you need quality not just quantity) <ul><li>You may look at all aspects of your design to see what will work and what wont. </li></ul><ul><li>Write down all of your thoughts as you go along (annotate your development) </li></ul><ul><li>Things to look at in development: </li></ul><ul><li>Shelves, doors, hinges, 2d Design, materials, joints, what it can store, size etc…….. </li></ul>
Model Development Create a model of your final design so far with the development you have done. A photo should be taken of your model, printed out and stuck on this page. Keep the model for reference. Annotate your model.
Final Idea Draw your final idea here. Use isometric projection (isometric paper is available if you need it) Show off your design idea, annotate what does what and what goes where.
Manufacturing Techniques Industrial Production Written work – explain how your product would be manufactured in industry. Consider how the production process would change from you making a prototype or one-off in our school workshop to how 50 identical items would be manufactured (small batch) to 150,000 identical items (mass production). Diagram- include drawings showing the layout of the factory. Practical work – to gain extra marks, produce a jig that will help you to manufacture your product accurately. Include photographs of this work in your folder. Producing a jig is especially important if you have quite a simple piece of practical work. It will really get you a lot of extra marks, even if it is very simple and rough.
Environmental Issues Social Issues <ul><li>Written work - explain the social issues that need to be considered. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety of user and other users of the garden e.g. animals, children, the elderly, domestic pets. How have you made sure your product is safe for these users? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Life expectancy of the product – sustainable materials, repairable. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Recyclable – have you used materials that can be recycled? How can they be recycled? Have you used materials that have been previously used? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Choice of glues, adhesives, paints and finishes. How have you made sure these materials are safe for the environment when your product is in use? Refer to the instructions on the packaging. </li></ul>
CAD CAM Work CAD – explain who CAD (computer aided design) could be used to help you design your product. How would CAD be used in industry to batch or mass produce your product? Design part of you product using 2D Design programme. This will then be used to cut out repeat designs using the laser cutter.
Orthographic Drawing And Cutting List Third angle orthographic projection drawing of part or all of your product. From this formal technical drawing you will gain marks from the following sections: planning, graphical presentation and industrial practices. There is an example in the Resistant Materials GCSE book.
Flow Chart: For both pieces of work, start by writing out a list of every separate stage you will need to go through in order to produce your product. Only include stages of manufacture, not designing stages. Be very specific, state materials, tools machines and processes you will use. Also include Quality Control stages. Flow Chart – use the following symbols: Start and finish process decision interruption Use ICT if possible to produce this work. Flow Diagram- this is like a cartoon. You need to draw a picture to illustrate each stage. The illustration should show the materials and tools that will be used, it will almost be like a close-up photograph of you working at your bench. Add a sentence or two to explain each stage, use the correct technical terms for this. Limit the stages to a maximum of ten. Plan of Making
Modifications Quality: Explain how you have made sure the quality of you product is good. 1. How would your product be checked for quality in industry? 2. Explain how, during the stages of production of you product you checked it’s quality and made any alterations required. 3. Refer to the QC checks you have included as part of your planning. Table for modification ; Correction of working errors Images can also be drawn to show what you have changed and why. What did I do to correct these problems? Why did these problems occur? What problems occurred during manufacture?
Testing Written work for testing ; have a copy of your original specifications on this page. Then explain how your product meets each specification. If it doesn’t meet a spec. explain why. Photograph for testing ; if possible include a photograph showing your product in use.
Evaluation Answer the following questions. Use notes, diagrams and photographs to help you to answer your questions if appropriate. 1. How is your Final Design drawing the same or different to your actual finished product? What is the same and what is different? You can use sketches or photographs to help explain your answer. 2. What parts of your product are you really pleased with? Why is this? 3. What parts of your product are you unhappy with? Why is this? How could you improve these parts? 4. How well did you plan your time? Did you complete all your work by the deadline? If you have not completed your work, explain the reason why. 5. Comment on the design and finish of your product. Is it well made, does it look good? How could you have made it better? 6. If you had the opportunity to remake your product, what would you change and what would you keep the same? Use sketches to help you answer your question. 7. Did you choose the correct materials to make your product? What evidence do you have for you answer? 8. What do other people – especially the target user(s) – think of your work. Ask other students their opinion. You can word process this work, but remember, the main priority is to complete this work. Also include sketches and photographs as part of your evaluation.